Tag: Manuscripts

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Some Manuscripts and Printing examples from Muslim Civilisations

by Media Desk Published on: 1st December 2019

From Manuscripts and printing in the spread of Muslim science by Geoffrey Roper  

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theguardian.com: Irish translation of Ibn Sīna discovered!

by News Desk Published on: 16th September 2019

A 15th-century vellum manuscript of the writing of the revered Persian physician Ibn Sīna, or Avicenna, has been found being used to bind a later book, revealing for the first time that his seminal Canon…

Constantine the African and the Qayrawani doctors: Contribution of the ‘Phoenicians’ of North Africa to Latin Medicine in the Middle Ages and Renaissance

by Charles Burnett Published on: 10th September 2018

When a sixteenth-century medical writer referred to Phoenicians, alongside Arabs, as exceptionally important medical sources, he was probably referring to the Muslim and Jewish doctors of Qayrawan, who were writing in Arabic in the tenth…

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Manuscript Review: The Book on Public Finance, by Abu `Ubayd Al-Harawi

by N.A. Baloch Published on: 28th June 2018

Abu `Ubayd's work is much more comprehensive in the subject of public finance of the Islamic State...

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Arab Origins of Cryptology

by Mohammed I. Al-Suwaiyel Published on: 14th May 2018

This article is the summary of a presentation given by Dr. Al-Suwaiyel at Oxford University. The presentation provides an insight into the works of Muslim Scholars on Cryptology in early Islamic periods.

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Treasure Trove of Benefits and Variety at the Table: A Fourteenth-Century Egyptian Cookbook

by Khaleel Shaikh Published on: 20th March 2018

The Kanz al-fawāʾid fī tanwīʿ al-mawāʾid is a 14th century Egyptian cookbook that consists of 830 recipes for a variety of different dishes and beverages...

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Arabic Medicinal Manuscripts of Pre-Colonial Northern Nigeria: A Descriptive List

by Mukhtar Umar Bunza Published on: 1st January 2018

West African Muslim scholars produced a number of Arabic works relating to medicine, philosophy, economic studies, political thought, geography, architecture, town planning and public administration...

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Dental Care in Islamic Medical Science: Muhammad al-Aqkirmani (d. 1760) and his Risalah fi hukm al-Siwak

by Mykhaylo Yakubovych Published on: 1st January 2018

Most of the oldest Muslim treatises on Siwak remain in a manuscript form. However, similar works on this issue have also appeared in later periods...

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The West Owes a Debt to Islam: Interview with Prof Glen Cooper

by The Editorial Team Published on: 31st October 2017

Professor Glen Cooper discusses the Golden Age of Muslim Civilisation. During the European Dark Ages, when science, art and literature seemed to flounder for centuries, there actually was a lot of discover in places like…

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Science and Engineering in the Islamic Heritage Symposium

by Al-Furqan Published on: 31st August 2017

“Science and Engineering in the Islamic Heritage”, a Symposium organised by Al-Furqān Islamic Heritage Foundation – Centre for the Study of Islamic Manuscripts, in co-operation with the Foundation for Science, Technology and Civilisation (UK), on…

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Manuscript Review: The Book of Routes and Kingdoms, by Ibn Khordadbeh

by N.A. Baloch Published on: 24th July 2017

[Ibn Khordadbeh] grew up to be a knowledgeable scholar, and during the reign of Caliph al-Mu`tamid (256-279 A.11/870-892) he was appointed as Director of Post and Information in the province of Jibal...

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Manuscript Review: The Catalogue (Al Fihrist), by Al-Nadim

by N.A. Baloch Published on: 30th May 2017

AL-FIHRIST is to be regarded the first standard subject-wise 'catalogue' covering all areas of knowledge...

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Manuscript Review: The Clear Exposition of the Principles of Accountability, by Ibn al-Ukhuwwah

by N.A. Baloch Published on: 4th September 2016

[Ibn al-Ukhuwwah] provides a summary of the positive and negative injunctions contained in the standard codes of the Shari`ah together with regulations for the safe guarding of public morality, for ensuring the purity of faith…

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Manuscript Review: The Discourse of Listener and Speaker on the Etiquette of Learning and Learner, by Ibn Jama’ah

by N.A. Baloch Published on: 29th May 2016

It was in the year 672 A.H. (1273 A.C.) that Qadi Ibn Jama'ah completed his TADHKIRAH as a guide for students and teachers to help improve quality of their academic life and work...

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Manuscript Review: The Law of Language, by Ibn Faris

by N.A. Baloch Published on: 18th April 2016

Ibn Faris was a poet of merit and could also write in fine prose style. He was grammarian, philologist and linguist...

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Ophthalmologists of the Medieval Islamic World

by M. Zafer Wafai Published on: 12th April 2016

The main purpose of this monograph is to review some of the contributions made by ophthalmologists from Muslim civilisation between the 9th century CE (early 3rd century AH) and the late 14th century CE (middle…

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Manuscript Review: The Book of Musical Modes, by Al-Urmawi

by N.A. Baloch Published on: 26th September 2015

[Al-Urmawi] was the greatest of music theorists. He was the pioneer of a school which propagated the "Systematist Theory"

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The Unpublished Works of Arabic Geography: An Overview and a Classification

by Ayman Fuad Sayyid Published on: 28th August 2015

Islamic geographical texts are not only valuable in terms of geographical research, they also constitute an essential resource in the study of Arab-Islamic civilisation - its literature, history, learning and economics. This chapter will attempt…

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Manuscript Review: Instruction of the Learner; The Method of Learning, by Al-Zarnuji

by N.A. Baloch Published on: 22nd May 2015

Zarnuji’s work represents a landmark in the history of Pedagogy in the Muslim East up to the turn of the 12th century...

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Ibn Sina’s The Canon of Medicine

by Cem Nizamoglu Published on: 15th April 2015

The Sheikh al-Ra'is Sharaf al-Mulk Abu ‘Ali al-Husayn b. ‘Abd Allah b. al-Hasan b. ‘Ali Ibn Sina, in Latin he is know as Avicenna and his most famous works are those on philosophy and medicine.…

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World Book Day 2015 (UK & Ireland)

by The Editorial Team Published on: 5th March 2015

World Book Day is a yearly event on 5th March, "designated by UNESCO as a worldwide celebration of books and reading, and marked in over 100 countries all over the world"*. On this occasion, we…

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Manuscript Review: Farthest Perception in the Comprehension of Heavens, by Qutb al-Din al-Shirazi

by N.A. Baloch Published on: 1st October 2014

With all the weight of his knowledge, Qutub al-Din preferred to be a man of lively temperament who would engage in jests, play chess and also music on the rehab. He was a highly knowledgeable…

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Manuscript Review: The Detailed Treatise on Matters Concerning Learners and Guidelines for Teachers and Learners, by Al-Qabisi

by N.A. Baloch Published on: 21st May 2014

Al-Qabisi was the inventor of the concept and practice of 'Co-operative Teaching by the Teachers' which has been realised only in some of the modern educational systems in the 20th century.

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Breaking the Frontiers of Science

by Sairah Yassir-Deane Published on: 4th November 2013

In which era were classification of animals, world maps, medical knowledge of the body, the invention of trebuchet and other scientific, technological and cultural advances developed? One might assume that such advances were most likely…

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L’orgue hydraulique des Banu Mûsa (The Hydraulic Organ of Banu Musa)

by Mona Sanjakdar Chaarani Published on: 13th August 2013

(The Hydraulic Organ of Banu Musa (9th Century): An Early Instrument of Mechanical Music) In the following article, Dr Mona Chaarani describes in a short article in French her reconstruction of the hydraulic organ of…

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Manuscript Review: Treatise on ‘The Alive Son of the Awake’, by Ibn Tufayl

by N.A. Baloch Published on: 18th June 2013

Besides [Ibn Tufayl's] contributions in medicine, he is best known for his treatise Ilayyu Ibn Yaqzan (‘The Alive’ son of ‘the Awake’)...

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Arabic Manuscript Day: a Cultural Festival

by The Editorial Team Published on: 29th May 2013

The Institute of Arabic Manuscripts in Cairo, in cooperation with a large array of partners, including FSTC, organizes on May 27, 2013, a cultural festival dedicated to Arabic Manuscripts. The festival consists in lectures, workshops,…

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Lecture on Timbuktu Manuscripts at Al-Furqan Foundation

by The Editorial Team Published on: 6th March 2013

Al-Furqan Islamic Heritage Foundation organizes on Wednesday 6th March 2013, starting at 18.00, a lecture on Islamic manuscripts in West Africa at the seat of Al-Furqan in London.

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Professor Qasim Al-Samarrai Lecture on the The Edition of Arabic Manuscripts

by The Editorial Team Published on: 29th November 2012

On Wednesday 28th November 2012, Al-Furqan Islamic Heritage Foundation in London organised a public lecture on The Critical Edition of Manuscripts: Past, Present and Future, delivered by Professor Qasim Al-Samarrai. The lecture presented an insightful…

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Islamic Manuscripts in the Schoenberg Collection at Pennsylvania University

by The Editorial Team Published on: 1st October 2012

The Lawrence J. Schoenberg Collection at the University of Pennsylvania is a private library focusing on late medieval and early modern manuscripts. The collection contains a valuable set of original manuscripts, a great part of…

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Manuscript Review: The Book on the Soul, by Ibn Bajjah

by N.A. Baloch Published on: 7th June 2012

Besides philosophy and mathematics, Ibn Bajjah was well-versed in botany, astronomy, logic, grammar, literature and music.

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Rhazes in the Renaissance of Andreas Vesalius

by Abdul Haq Compier Published on: 6th March 2012

Andreas Vesalius' (1514–64) first publication was a Paraphrasis of the ninth book of the Liber ad Almansorem, written by the Muslim physician and scholar Al-Razi (Rhazes, 854–925). The role of Rhazes in Vesalius' oeuvre has…

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A New Arabic Text of Mechanics: Sinan ibn Thabit on the Theory of Simple Machines

by Mohammed Abattouy Published on: 7th February 2012

The Arabic manuscript Orient fol. 3306 preserved at the Staatsbibliothek in Berlin was in its original form a precious collection of Arabic scientific texts of mechanics and optics. It contains a fragment in one folio…

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Book Review of “Ibn Sayyar al-Warraq’s Tenth-century Baghdadi Cookbook” by Nawal Nasrallah

by Kaouthar Chatioui Published on: 16th January 2012

Written nearly a thousand years ago, Ibn Sayyar al-Warraq's tenth-century cookbook is the most comprehensive work of its kind. Its recent edition and English translation offers a unique glimpse into the culinary culture of the…

‘Ali b. Sahl Rabban al-Tabari Author of Firdaws al-hikma (Paradise of Wisdom)

by Salim Ayduz Published on: 2nd January 2012

The physician, scientist and philosopher, ‘Ali b. Sahl Rabban al-Tabari was the son of Sahl Sahl Rabban al-Tabari. ‘Ali was born into an educated and intellectual Christian family. He wrote many books on philosophy, medicine…

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Arabic Roots of the Scientific Revolution

by Rim Turkmani Published on: 7th July 2011

It is well known nowadays that modern Scientific Revolution benefited indirectly from the theories, results and inventions transmitted from the Arabic/Islamic scientific tradition during the Renaissance. The new element introduced by Dr Rim Turkmani who…

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Manuscript Review: The Book of Observations and Admonitions, by Ibn Sina

by N.A. Baloch Published on: 5th June 2011

[Ibn Sina] flourished as a great physician and philosopher, but was also a distinguished scientist, mathematician, logician, and poet at the same time...

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Kalila wa-Dimna

by Paul Lunde Published on: 30th January 2011

One of the most popular books ever written is the book the Arabs know as Kalila wa-Dimna, a bestseller for almost two thousand years, and a book still read with pleasure all over the world.…

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The 15th Century Turkish Physician Serefeddin Sabuncuoglu Author of Cerrahiyetu ‘l-Haniyye

by Salim Ayduz Published on: 30th December 2010

The Turkish physician Serafeddin Sabuncuoglu (1385–1470) is the author of a famous treatise of surgery, Cerrahiyetü'l Haniyye (Imperial Surgery), composed in Turkish in 1465. It was the first illustrated surgical atlas and the last major…

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Manuscripts and printing in the spread of Muslim science

by Geoffrey Roper Published on: 15th July 2010

[Proceedings of the conference 1001 Inventions: Muslim Heritage in Our World organised by FSTC, London, 25-26 May 2010]. The following article presents a brief status about the transmission of Muslim scientific texts, and how the…

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Ibn Khaldun’s Concept of Education in the ‘Muqaddima’

by Abdesselam Cheddadi Published on: 15th May 2009

At first sight, the place held by education in Ibn Khaldun's sociology appears uncertain to say the least. What today we understand by the term ‘education'—the replication of individuals and groups, firstly at the level…

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Ottoman Music Therapy

by Nil Sari Published on: 11th March 2009

Music has been used as a mean of therapy through the centuries to counter all kinds of disorders by various peoples. Physicians and musicians in the Ottoman civilization were aware of the music therapy in…

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The Fate of Manuscripts in Iraq and Elsewhere

by Geoffrey Roper Published on: 11th September 2008

In this well informed article, Dr Geoffrey Roper, an expert in the field, outlines an impressive portrait of the dangers and threats encountered by the national heritage of Iraq due to the dramatic recent events…

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A Bibliography of the Islamic and Chinese Scientific Relationships in Classical Times

by FSTC Published on: 8th September 2008

In the following bibliography of the Islamic and Chinese scientific relationships in classical times, a list of the main recent works is produced. The researches cover various scientific domains, from mathematics and astronomy to technology,…

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Tracing the Impact of Latin Translations of Arabic Texts on European Society

by Charles Burnett Published on: 1st July 2008

In this article, Professor Charles Burnett, a world expert in the history of Islamic influences in Europe at The Warburg Institute (London University), retraces the impact the Latin translations of Arabic texts of science and…

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A Treasure of World Heritage: Islamic Manuscripts in the Kandilli Observatory

by FSTC Published on: 2nd November 2007

This is a review of a book bringing to light a collection of about 1300 Islamic scientific manuscripts on astronomy and various scientific topics in three languages (Turkish, Arabic and Persian). These manuscripts are held…

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The Arabic Sources of Jordanus de Nemore

by Menso Folkerts Published on: 11th July 2007

The following article by Professors Menso Folkerts and Richard Lorch, from Munich University in Germany, describes the influences of Arabic sciences in the works of Jordanus de Nemore, a scholar who flourished in Western Europe…

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Al-Hassâr’s Kitâb al-Bayân and the Transmission of the Hindu-Arabic Numerals

by Paul Kunitzsch Published on: 4th June 2007

This article was a talk given at the 7th Maghrebi Colloque of the History of Arabic Mathematics held from 30 May to 1 June 2002 in Marrakech, Morocco. It presents a new manuscript of the…

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Yaqut al-Hamawi

by The Editorial Team Published on: 11th May 2007

Yâqût al-Hamawî was a Syrian biographer and geographer known for his encyclopaedia writings of the Muslim world. His Mujam al-Buldan, a geographical dictionary that includes much biographical, historical, and cultural data, is a primary source…

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Glances on Calendars and Almanacs in the Islamic Civilisation

by Salim Ayduz Published on: 7th February 2007

From the beginning of the Islamic history, the scholars developed the Islamic hijri calendar as a lunar calendar designed to organize timekeeping for religious and social needs. The development of the Islamic calendar and the…

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Ethical Aspects of Ottoman Surgical Practice

by Nil Sari Published on: 27th December 2006

Information about the requirements and expectations of medical ethics regarding surgery during the Ottoman period is found in medical manuscripts; while the moral principles based on Islamic Canon Law (Shari'ah) and the oral tradition (the…

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The Classification of Mental Diseases in the Ottoman Medical Manuscripts

by Nil Sari Published on: 12th July 2005

The Ottomans provided great contributions towards the fields of psychiatry and neurology. Their thoughts and writings delve into many depths and are worthy of recognition by those in the medical sphere.

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Ibn Hazm’s Philosophy and Thoughts on Science

by Salim Al-Hassani Published on: 11th September 2003

Abu Muhammad ‘Ali Ibn Ahmad Ibn Sa’id Ibn HAZM, (November 994 to August 1064) grew up in the period of final collapse of Umayyad rule in Spain, as the nation disintegrated into often conflicting local…

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The Book of Water (Kitab Al-Ma’a)

by FSTC Published on: 17th January 2003

Kitab Al-Ma'a, a strange title for the first known Encyclopedia of Medicine arranged according to the alphabet was recently discovered in Algeria and published in Oman. Contains over 900 pages and was written by Ibn…

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The Great Book Collectors

by F.B. Artz Published on: 20th July 2002

The Muslims were great book collectors, and in all the larger towns there was a flourishing book trade. From Baghdad, to Cairo, to Cordoba and to Fez, Muslims built the libraries that housed the world…

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The Islamic Historical Literature

by Salah Zaimeche Published on: 11th November 2001

The narration of historical events and the reflexion upon their causes are old scholarly concerns since ancient times. In Islamic culture, a specific Arabic historiographical tradition emerged very early, since the late 7th century, to…