Tag: Mechanics

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Hydraulic Imagery in Medieval Arabic Texts

by Constantin Canavas Published on: 5th July 2020

The Arabic reports about irrigation, dams and water-powered machines form a cultural construction which could be called hydraulic imagery. The term imagery is related to the perception patterns concerning hydraulic constructions inasmuch these patterns are…

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Video: Rise of the Machines and Robots (Kuwait) KFAS Festival on Robotics and AI

by Media Desk Published on: 28th January 2020

KFAS and 1001 Inventions organising Robotics and AI event

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Obituary: Professor Cesare Rossi, Naples

by Salim Al-Hassani Published on: 29th January 2018

The world has lost a rare scholar and wonderful person. Cesare Rossi was a distinguished professor of engineering and also historian of engineering. He was a friend and an Associate of the Foundation for Science,…

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Science and Engineering in the Islamic Heritage Symposium

by Al-Furqan Published on: 31st August 2017

“Science and Engineering in the Islamic Heritage”, a Symposium organised by Al-Furqān Islamic Heritage Foundation – Centre for the Study of Islamic Manuscripts, in co-operation with the Foundation for Science, Technology and Civilisation (UK), on…

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Water Sterilization Technology in Muslim Civilisation

by Maha Al-Shaar Published on: 31st August 2017

Water-related diseases are the most critical health problems in the world now, therefore the mechanisms of sterilize water and its development gained the attention of governments and scientists.

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Technology in sub-Saharan Cultures

by Khaleel Shaikh Published on: 5th June 2017

Genetic and paleontological findings have concluded that Africa is the birthplace of the entire human race. Africa is often thought of as a continent rich in natural beauty and culture. However, little is known or…

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The Journey of Automatic Machines in Muslim Civilisation

by Salim Al-Hassani Published on: 24th October 2016

This keynote lecture reviews the rise and development of automatic machines within Muslim civilisation. It looks at how inventors from the Muslim civilisation progressively transformed achievements of previous cultures (e.g. ancient Mesopotamia, Egypt, Greece, Persia,…

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Amazing Mechanical Devices from Muslim Civilisation

by Cem Nizamoglu Published on: 9th September 2016

Fully automated environmentally friendly water raising devices, pumps, windmills and more! Discover some of the most facinating devices from the Golden Age of Muslim Civilisation that brought creative innovative ideas helping to drive agriculture and…

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Allah’s Automata – A Review of the Exhibition

by Charles Savage Published on: 2nd December 2015

Reflections on: A New Exhibition on Artifacts of the Arab/Islamic Renaissance ZKM, Karlsruhe, Germany: October 30, 2015 - February 28, 2016 http://zkm.de/en/event/2015/10/globale-allahs-automata by Dr. Charles M. Savage Knowledge Era Enterprises International Munich, Germany http://www.kee-inc.com

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Ingenious Clocks from Muslim Civilisation that Defied the Middle Ages

by Cem Nizamoglu Published on: 21st August 2015

TIME TELLING MACHINES: Revealing marvellous mechanical and water-powered clocks from early Muslim Civilisation. These sophisticated devices that defied the Middle Ages.

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The Mechanical Water Clock Of Ibn Al-Haytham

by Salim Al-Hassani Published on: 22nd November 2013

The Foundation for Science, Technology and Civilisation (FSTC) announces their new achievement in the history of Islamic clocks. For the first time, the work of Ibn al-Haytham on the water clock (Maqala fi ‘amal al-binkam)…

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L’orgue hydraulique des Banu Mûsa (The Hydraulic Organ of Banu Musa)

by Mona Sanjakdar Chaarani Published on: 13th August 2013

(The Hydraulic Organ of Banu Musa (9th Century): An Early Instrument of Mechanical Music) In the following article, Dr Mona Chaarani describes in a short article in French her reconstruction of the hydraulic organ of…

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The York Society of Engineers: A Lecture by FSTC Chairman, 6th December, York, UK

by The Editorial Team Published on: 6th December 2012

Upcoming Lecture by Prof. Mohamed El-Gomati, Chairman of FSTC, at The York Society of Engineers, York

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An Obituary: Professor Ahmad Y. al-Hassan

by Salim Al-Hassani Published on: 19th May 2012

On 28 April 2012 Professor Dr Ahmad Yusuf al-Hassan Gabarin passed away. He was one of the most important historians of Islamic science and technology. Specialist of the various aspects of Islamic technology, the late…

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A New Arabic Text of Mechanics: Sinan ibn Thabit on the Theory of Simple Machines

by Mohammed Abattouy Published on: 7th February 2012

The Arabic manuscript Orient fol. 3306 preserved at the Staatsbibliothek in Berlin was in its original form a precious collection of Arabic scientific texts of mechanics and optics. It contains a fragment in one folio…

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Book Review of Dr. Toygar Akman’s “Cybernetics”

by Cem Nizamoglu Published on: 25th March 2011

"Cybernetics: Past, Present, Future" published by Toygar Akman, a renowned expert in the field, retraces for the Turkish readers the history of cybernetics and presents the state of the art in this revolutionary scientific field.…

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Filling the Gap in the History of Pre-Modern Industry: 1000 Years of Missing Islamic Industry

by Salim Al-Hassani Published on: 24th July 2009

Most educational systems, particularly those of Western countries, teach that industry was born in Europe and that the Industrial Revolution was the mother that delivered industrial mass production. Salim Al-Hassani, Chairman of FSTC and eminent…

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Muhammad Al-Karaji: A Mathematician Engineer from the Early 11th Century

by Mohammed Abattouy Published on: 4th June 2009

Abu Bakr Muhammed Al-Karaji is a Muslim mathematician and engineer from the late 10th century-early 11th century. Of Persian origin, he spent an important part of his scientific life in Baghdad where he composed ground…

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Islamic Automation: Al-Jazari’s Book of Knowledge of Ingenious Mechanical Devices

by Gunalan Nadarajan Published on: 14th November 2008

In the following essay, Dr. Gunalan Nadarajan, Associate Dean of Research and Graduate Studies in the College of Arts and Architecture at Penn State University, draws on the work of al-Jazari, the famous 13th century…

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Muslim Heritage in Mechanics and Technology: Outline of a Program for Future Research

by Mohammed Abattouy Published on: 20th August 2008

The following text is the revised and expanded version of a lecture presented at The Royal Society in London (1st March 2007) during a meeting of the Muslim Heritage Awareness Group (MHAG) in which Mohammed…

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Ridhwan al-Sa’ati: A Biographical Outline

by Moustafa Mawaldi Published on: 29th June 2008

Fakhr al-Dīn Ridhwān ibn Rustam al-Sā'ātī (d. between 618-626 H/1220-1229 CE) was a scholar and mechanical engineer, author of the book ‘Ilm al-sā'āt wa 'l-'amal bihā in which he described the famous public clock set…

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Al-Jazari’s Third Water-Raising Device: Analysis of its Mathematical and Mechanical Principles

by Salim Al-Hassani Published on: 24th April 2008

Five pumps or water-raising machines are described by al-Jazari in his monumental treatise of mechanics Al-Jami' bayn al-‘ilm wa 'l-‘amal al-nafi' fi sina'at al-hiyal (A Compendium on the Theory and Useful Practice of the Mechanical…

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Al-Jazari’s Castle Water Clock: Analysis of its Components and Functioning

by Salim Al-Hassani Published on: 13th March 2008

The first machine described by al-Jazari in his famous treatise of mechanics Al-Jami‘ bayn al-‘ilm wa 'l-‘amal al-nafi‘ fi sina‘at al-hiyal (A Compendium on the Theory and Useful Practice of the Mechanical Arts) is a…

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The Self Changing Fountain of Banu Musa bin Shakir

by Salim Al-Hassani Published on: 10th March 2008

Amongst the mechanical devices described by the Banu Musa Brothers in their book of mechanics Kitab al-hiyal, seven models present a variety of sophisticated fountains. This article analyses the geometric and physical principles lying behind…

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An 800 Years Old Ancestor: Today’s Science of Robotics and Al-Jazari

by Toygar Akman Published on: 29th February 2008

Introducing al-Jazari's ancestry to modern cybernetics and robotics science, Prof. Toygar Akman narrates in this testimony article his own discovery of the work of the great 13th century Muslim scholar. He shows further how al-Jazari's…

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Overview on al-Jazari and his Mechanical Devices

by Yavuz Unat Published on: 25th February 2008

In this article, Professor Yavuz Unat, a known historian of science from Ankara University, draws a general survey on al-Jazari and his treatise. He describes some of his machines and points out the numerous technological…

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The List of Al-jazari Articles Published on Muslim Heritage Website

by FSTC Published on: 1st February 2008

Some 800 years in the past, in 1206, a brilliant Muslim scholar died : Badi' al-Zaman Abu al-‘Izz ibn Ismail ibn al-Razzaz al-Jazari. He was one of the most important inventors and mechanical engineers in…

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Al-Jazari: 800 Years After

by FSTC Published on: 1st February 2008

Some 800 years in the past, in 1206, a brilliant Muslim scholar died : Badi' al-Zaman Abu al-‘Izz ibn Ismail ibn al-Razzaz al-Jazari. He was one of the most important inventors and mechanical engineers in…

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800 Years Later: In Memory of Al-Jazari, A Genius Mechanical Engineer

by Salim Al-Hassani Published on: 30th January 2008

Al-Jazari (1136-1206) was an important Arab Muslim scholar. He was an inventor and mechanical engineer who gained fame and glory with his famous book of mechanics Al-Jami `bayn al-`ilm wa 'l-`amal al-nafi `fi sina `at…

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The Mechanics of Banu Musa in the Light of Modern System and Control Engineering

by FSTC Published on: 10th August 2007

This article is a review of the book published recently by Professor Attila Bir (Istanbul Technical University, Faculty of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, Istanbul) on Banu Musa's book of mechanics studied in the framework of…

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Abu Ishaq Ibrahim Ibn Yahya Al-Zarqali

by Gunalan Nadarajan Published on: 7th August 2007

This short paper introduces a longer essay by Prof. Gunalan Nadarajan, Associate Dean of Research and Graduate Studies in the College of Arts and Architecture at Penn State University. The essay draws on the work…

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The Arabic Partial Version of Pseudo-Aristotle’s Mechanical Problems

by Mohammed Abattouy Published on: 5th June 2007

Based on manuscript evidence, the article presents a study of the historical and textual traditions of a fragment of Arabic mechanics which is also edited in Arabic and translated into English. This fragment, entitled Nutaf…

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Attempts of Flight, Automatic Machines, Submarines and Rocket Technology in Turkish History

by Arslan Terzioglu Published on: 2nd January 2007

In the Islamic world, great importance was placed upon the study of natural sciences and technology. This article brings out some of the important works of Turkish Muslim scholars in the fields of automatic machines,…

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Pioneers of Automatic Control Systems

by Atilla Bir Published on: 22nd December 2006

Although the feedback concept, which is lying in the foundation of dynamic systems, has been perceived relative recently, the idea was understood and applied correctly by the Muslim scientists.

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Hama

by Salah Zaimeche Published on: 24th April 2005

Hama is famed for its huge water wheels and it produced great scholars in geography, mathematics, medicine and much more. Here we look at a few of them.

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Harran

by The Editorial Team Published on: 22nd February 2005

Harran is a very old town situated in the Jazira province of modern Turkey near the sources of the Balkh River. Badly effected by the Crusades, it nevertheless had its production of scientists that are…

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A Review of Early Muslim Control Engineering

by Mohamed Mansour Published on: 22nd March 2002

During the period of Islamic-Arabic extraordinary activity in Science and Technology (9th-13th century), there are some recorded contributions to the area of Automatic Control mainly in the development of water clocks using float valve regulators,…

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Agriculture in Muslim civilisation : A Green Revolution in Pre-Modern Times

by Salah Zaimeche Published on: 25th December 2001

The period from the 9th century to the 13th century witnessed a fundamental transformation in agriculture that can be characterized as the Islamic green revolution in pre-modern times. The economy established in the Arab and…

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The Globalisation of Crops

by The Editorial Team Published on: 25th December 2001

As the Muslims advanced, they introduced methods and machinery of the Ancient Near East, and also certain crops which could not have been grown with the typically classical agricultural methods.

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Al-Jazari: The Mechanical Genius

by Salim Al-Hassani Published on: 9th February 2001

The following short survey presents a rapid overview on the life, work and achievements of Al-Jazari, the most famous mechanical engineer of his time, some 1000 years ago. Al-Jazari brought Islamic technology to a culminant…