LATEST ARTICLES

The Mystery of Hayy Ibn Yaqzan

In early 12th-century Muslim Spain, a gifted philosopher, mathematician, poet,…

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Architecture

The Role of Mathematics and Geometry in Formation of Persian Architecture

Geometry is one of the main features in the formation…

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medicine

Music Therapy and Mental Health

Mental Health Care and Bimaristans in the Medical History of…

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The Form and Function of the Prophet’s Mosque during the Time of the Prophet 

In the wake of the hijrah (migration), the city-state of…

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Travellers and Explorers from a Golden Age

Since the Quran said every able-bodied person should make a…

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The Emergence of Sophisticated Mosque Architecture in Early Islam

This paper discusses the evolution of the identity of Muslim…

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Music

Muslim Roots, U.S. Blues

To many the idea that American blues music has its…

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Islamic Glass Image Gallery

From Ibn Al-Haytam’s optical lenses to a mosque lamp of…

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Madinat al-Zahra and the Spaces of Knowledge

The Revival of Classical Antiquity in Cordoba in the 10th…

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Ibn Sina and Sports

Ibn Sina advices people to partake in diets, bathing and…

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Web Of Words

This alphabet lists just some of the words that have…

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Stunning Ceilings from the Wonders of Islamic Architecture

Discover ceilings from buildings inspired by Islamic architecture where looking…

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Libraries of the Muslim World (859-2000)

The Muslim World acquired the art of paper-making in the…

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Science In India During The Muslim Rule

The scientific cooperation between India and the Arabs dates back…

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Science in Adab Literature

A long standing topic of discussion among orientalists has been…

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Early Women of Science, Technology, Medicine and Management

This article is a paper submitted to and presented at…

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Introduction to Turkish Motifs in Ottoman Times

On 13 and 14 January 2018 Ashfia Ashrif, Manchester based…

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Oxford Museum of the History of Science Online Al-Mizan Exhibition

The Oxford Museum of the History of Science launched an…

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Buried Evidence: Islamic Viking Burial Garments

As predicted in our previous article dating back to May…

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The Back-Road Historic Mosques of China

In a country known for large numbers, it was a…

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Marrakesh

It is highly crucial to begin this article by the…

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The Impact of Islamic Science and Learning on England

Nothing contrasts more the discrepancies in learning as the place…

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Technology in sub-Saharan Cultures

Genetic and paleontological findings have concluded that Africa is the…

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Muslims Contribution to the Study and Development of Medical Sciences in 19th Century Nigeria: A Preliminary Account

This paper presented at the 7th International Congress of the…

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Ravy (Rayy)

Rayy was a city in the old Persian region of…

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Mega Cities on the Silk Road

Throughout history, trade routes played a central role in the…

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Al-Khalili and the Culmination of Spherical Astronomy in 14th-Century Damascus

Syria in the 14th century was the scene of the…

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The House of Wisdom: Baghdad’s Intellectual Powerhouse

The heyday of Baghdad was 1,200 years ago when it…

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Manuscript Review: The Law of Language, by Ibn Faris

Ibn Faris was a poet of merit and could also…

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A Tale of Two Civilisations: The Viking and the Muslim Civilisation

Dating back to March 2015, news regarding the discovery of…

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Ode to Sheikh Abdul al-Amawi: The Old Man of Barawa

In this article, Natty Mark Samuels explores the life and…

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Scholarly Traditions of the Schools in Baghdad: The Mustansiria as a Model

Baghdad schools are a challenging topic, involving several different facets…

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“Egyptology: The Missing Millennium” of Medieval Arabic Sources

In this paper, I would like to discuss the missing…

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Lighthouse of Alexandria in the sources from Islamic Civilisation

The Lighthouse of Alexandria is one of the wonders of…

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African contributions to Muslim Civilisation

Black History Month UK is an International annual month, celebrating,…

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Manuscript Review: The Book of Musical Modes, by Al-Urmawi

[Al-Urmawi] was the greatest of music theorists. He was the…

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Song of Suwari: Ode to West African Scholars

Although some contemporary historians may argue otherwise, in the past,…

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Turkey: Home of TURQUOISE

"Did you know the word 'turquoise' is a French word…

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Ode to Ahmad Baba Al-Massufi

Abu al-Abbas Ahmad ibn Ahmad al-Takruri Al-Massufi al-Timbukti, otherwise commonly…

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BBC Four – The Dark Ages: An Age of Light – The Wonder of Islam

BBC Four: "The Dark Ages have been misunderstood. History has…

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The role of Ibn Sina (Avicenna)’s Medical Poem in the transmission of medical knowledge to medieval Europe

Were you aware that in the Medieval Islamic world, celebrated…

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Manuscript Review: The Detailed Treatise on Matters Concerning Learners and Guidelines for Teachers and Learners, by Al-Qabisi

Al-Qabisi was the inventor of the concept and practice of…

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The European Jerusalem: Sarajevo, where Muslim heritage flourished in Central Europe

During Ottoman rule, Sarajevo was heralded as the “European Jerusalem”,…

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Mosque of Whirling Colours: A Mixture of Architecture and Art in Nasīr al-Mulk Mosque in Shiraz, Iran

There are numerous mosques all around the world. Each has…

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L’orgue hydraulique des Banu Mûsa (The Hydraulic Organ of Banu Musa)

(The Hydraulic Organ of Banu Musa (9th Century): An Early…

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Mosul the Pearl of Northern Iraq: Its History and Contribution to Classical Civilisation of Islam

Mosul, in Northern Iraq, is the country's second largest city…

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Inter-cultural Respect through Cultural Roots of Science

The important lecture presented by Professor Salim Al-Hassani at the…

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A 1000 Years Amnesia: Sports in Muslim Heritage

Professor Salim Al-Hassani published in the issue 369 (Spring 2012,…

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East Meets West in Venice

For much of the millennium before the rise of Portugal…

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Book Review of “Ibn Sayyar al-Warraq’s Tenth-century Baghdadi Cookbook” by Nawal Nasrallah

Written nearly a thousand years ago, Ibn Sayyar al-Warraq's tenth-century…

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The Sound Rules in Reading the Quran (Tajwid) in Qutb Al-Din al-Shirazi’s Music Notation

The Sound Rules in Reading the Quran (Tajwid) in Qutb Al-Din al-Shirazi’s Music Notation

In the Islamic world, starting from Al-Kindī (d. 874), Al-Fārābī…

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The Influence of Nasir al-Din al-Tusi on Ottoman Scientific Literature

The works of Nasir al-Din al-Tusi have always attracted the…

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Cairo: A Millennial

In this article, published originally in Saudi Aramco World in…

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The Coffee Route from Yemen to London 10th-17th Centuries

The history of coffee goes at least as far back…

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The Transfer of Science Between India, Europe and China via Muslim Heritage

[Proceedings of the conference 1001 Inventions: Muslim Heritage in Our…

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Heritage Research for Cultural Inter-Appreciation in the Balkans

[Proceedings of the conference 1001 Inventions: Muslim Heritage in Our…

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The Courtyard Houses of Syria

The courtyard house is one of the most enduring architectural…

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Introduction to Islamic Art

One area where the genius of the Muslim civilisation has…

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Architectural Links between East and West in Early Modern Times

In a programme broadcasted on BBC Radio 3 on Sunday…

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Who Wrote the First “Useful” Archery Manual?

In this article we will be looking at several handbooks…

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History, Culture and Science in Morocco: 11th-14th Centuries

The history of the Islamic west offers glorious pages of…

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Abdel-Wahed El-Wakil or the Triumph of the Islamic Architectural Style

Abdel-Wahed El-Wakil is one of the leading voices in contemporary…

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New Discoveries in the Islamic Complex of Mathematics, Architecture and Art

The complex of disciplines composed of mathematics, architecture and art…

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The Game of Kings

Chess probably originated in Persia or Central Asia before the…

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Interview with Anthony Garnaut: Islam in China

Islam in China and the contribution of the Muslim community…

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Book Review of ‘Egyptology: The Missing Millennium’ by Okasha El-Daly

Egyptology: The Missing Millennium published by Okasha El Daly is…

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Ottoman Palace Cuisine of the Classical Period

Turkish cuisine is largely the heritage of Ottoman cuisine, which…

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Ottoman Music Therapy

Music has been used as a mean of therapy through…

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Turkish Cuisine: A Book Review

Turkish cuisine is largely the heritage of Ottoman cuisine, which…

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Gaza at the Crossroad of Civilisations: Two Contemporary Views

Gaza, this tormented part of Palestine, land of suffering and…

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Food as Medicine in Muslim Civilization

The subject of food and diet was very essential in…

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Representing Islam and Muslims in the Media: An Academic Debate

In 5-6 September 2008 the Universities of Manchester and Surrey…

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The Islamic Heritage in China: A General Survey

In this article, Anthony Garnaut, an expert of the Muslim…

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The Islamic Art in the Louvre Museum in Paris

The first stone was laid on July 16, 2008 at…

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Aleppo

Halab [said Al-Muqaddasi, in 985] is an excellent, pleasant and…

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Islamic Art in Poland: The Kornik Castle

The article is about the famous Kornik Castle near Poznan,…

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Sheikh Zayed Great Mosque in Abu Dhabi: Islamic Architecture in the 21st Century

A splendid mosque was erected recently at Abu Dhabi. Named…

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The Seljuk Face of Anatolia: Aspects of the Social and Intellectual History of Seljuk Architecture

This article deals with the Seljuk Anatolian architecture and art.…

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Mulla Nasruddin Khodja a Major Character of Muslim Satiric Literature

Mullah Nasruddin Khodja is a wise man famous throughout the…

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Knowledge, Learning Institutions and Libraries in Islam: Book Publishing and Paper Making

This short article describes the high regard with which Muslim…

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Sinan’s Acoustical Technology

This article gives the the results of a research project…

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Sinan: A Great Ottoman Architect and Urban Designer

Sinan, called Mimar Sinan (Architect Sinan) and Mimar Koca Sinan…

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The Influence of Islamic Culinary Art on Europe

This paper describes the results of a novel research on…

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Literature and Music in Muslim Civilisation

An outline of the main types of Arabic literature and…

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The Legacy of Muslim Kung Fu Masters

An important legacy of Islam in China is represented by…

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Safi al-Din al-Urmawi and the Theory of Music

In this detailed and well documented article, Dr. Fazli Arslan…

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A Discovery in Architecture: 15th Century Islamic Architecture Presages 20th Century Mathematics

This article relates the discovery by two American scholars, Paul…

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Scandinavia and Ibn Fadlan

This short article provides brief accounts of Ibn Fadlan's observation…

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Beauty and Aesthetics in Islam

The Islamic civilisation allowed the development of autonomous norms of…

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The Minaret, Symbol of a Civilization

The minaret is the architectural shape which best indicates the…

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Aleppo Citadel: Glimpses of the Past

The Citadel of Aleppo is one of the oldest monuments…

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The Art of Calligraphy in the Ottoman Empire

Ottoman Turks produced and perfected several varieties of Arabic script.…

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The Ottoman Empire and Europe: Cultural Encounters

This article mainly covers the cultural encounters between Europe and…

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Islamic Art as a Means of Cultural Exchange

With the expansion of Islam over a vast area of…

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West African Mosque Architecture – A Brief Introduction

Mosques built in parts of the Muslim world where Arabs…

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Jewels of the Muslim Chinese Heritage

The prominence of Islam in China is fascinating and a…

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A Treasure House on the Hudson

Olana is a remarkable galley of exquisite works of art…

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Sana’a Rising

Sana'a is one of the oldest cities of Yemen, indeed…

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Andalusia’s New Golden Pottery

In times past, Granada was a hub of artistic flair,…

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The World’s First Soft Drink

Sherbet, a juice of crushed fruit, herbs, or flowers has…

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Muslim Contribution to Spanish Agriculture

This article describes some of the numerous Muslim contributions to…

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Ibn Battuta and the 14th Century Muslim World

Ibn Battuta is regarded by many to be one of…

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Al-Ramhormuzi and the Wonders of India

Captain Buzurg ibn Shahriyar, a shipmaster from Khuzistan compiled a…

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Ebru: The Art of Paper Marbling

Marbling is an art form developed in the Muslim world,…

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Cosmic Motifs & Elements in Seljuk and Ottoman Architecture

The structure of Mosques and other buildings draw inspiration from…

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The Scholars of Seville – Artists, Architecture and Government

Seville was a key centre of Islamic Civilisation in Spain.…

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Primary Schools under the Ottomans

Primary schools have a long history in Islamic civilisation. Children…

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Sub-Saharan Centres of Learning

Though we may think of Timbuktu as the pre-eminent site…

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The Great Turk Genius Amir Khusraw and his Accomplishments in Music

Amir Khusraw (d. 1325) was essentially an eminent musician and…

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Islamic Citadel in Busra

Busra was the location of a large Roman theatre which…

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Baghdad

The city of Baghdad was founded under the second Abbasid…

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Influence of Acoustic Data in Architectural Design

Sinan's is renowned for its success in the acoustic design…

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Masjid-i-Jami: the Friday Mosque of Isfahan

Iran has made great contributions to Muslim architecture culminating in…

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Jerusalem: Thriving Trade, Scholars and Magnificant Architectural Works

Jerusalem prior to the crusades was a place filled with…

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Al-Hakim Mosque, Cairo (990-1012)

Al Hakim Mosque is the second major Fatimid Mosque and…

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Hama

Hama is famed for its huge water wheels and it…

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Mshatta Palace, Jordan; 743-744 CE

Msatta is a renowned Ummayad palace with spectacular architectural and…

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Karatay Madrasa, Konya 1252

Karatay Madrasa can be considered as the apex of Seljuk…

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Damascus

Hospitals, grand public buildings and numerous public endowment based charities…

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The Great Mosque of Aleppo

Built by the Umayyad Caliph Suleyman in 717 CE and…

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Ince Minare Madrasa

Ince Minare Madrasa is one of the most impressive structures…

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Merv: History, Science and Learning

Merv is the city which in medieval times dominated the…

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The Scholars of Samarkand

Samarkand contributed in particular to the progress of science in…

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Harran

Harran is a very old town situated in the Jazira…

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12th Century Cookery from all the World

This historical masterpiece on Arab/Islamic cooking by Kammaluddin Ibn Al-Adeem…

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Places

Kufa

Being the home of the encyclopaedic scholar Al-kindi and the…

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Khwarizm

Khwarizm is the city of the birth of algebra, where…

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Ukhaidir Palace (720-800 CE)

About 100 miles south-west of Baghdad is Ukhaidar palace, one…

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Bukhara

Bukhara, a city in central Asia has a history indicative…

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Atala Mosque, Jaunpur 1408

Being the first mosque to be build after the independence…

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Basra

Basra became like many places in the Muslim world a…

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Architecture of Al-Azhar

Of the many splendours of Egypt, the Al-Azhar stands as…

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Granada: The Last Refuge of Muslims in Spain

Granada on the southern coast of Spain was to stay…

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The Great Mosque of Tlemcen

The Great Mosque of Tlemcen as a whole is an…

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Muslims in Norman Sicily

When the Normans took control of Sicily from the Muslims,…

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Sicily under Islamic Rule

Sicily under Islamic rule brought people from all over the…

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Bosniacs

The Bosniac Muslims played a crucial role integrated in the…

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Taj Mahal : The Architecture of Love

"The whole together appears like a most perfect pearl on…

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Kutubiya Mosque (1158)

Abul Mumin chose to build his mosque adjacent to the…

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Al-Qarawiyyin Mosque and University

For well over twelve hundred years Al-Qarawiyyin has been one…

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Fes

The date of the foundation of Fes is from the…

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Bejaia – Algeria

Bejaia - a small town on the north coast of…

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The Aghlabids of Tunisia

The Aghlabids ruled Tunisia and an area that included Sicily…

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Khirbat Al-Mafjar, Palace (740 -750)

Khirbat Palace remains a unique example of Umayyad luxury and…

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Marrakech

Marrakech became, due to the ambitions and sponsorship of its…

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Ottoman Palace Architecture: The Topkapi Palace

Construction of a palace to accommodate the Ottoman administration and…

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Sultan Ahmet Cami or Blue Mosque

Commissioned by Sultan Ahmed (1606-1617), the mosque was built by…

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The Ottoman Madrassa

The Madrassa was one of the main venues of education…

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The Ottoman Han (Caravanserai) and Bazaars

The expansion of commerce in the Ottoman world necessitated the…

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Umayyad Mosques and Palaces

The Umayyad architectural splendour is experienced in both religious and…

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Tunis in Islamic Times

Tunis, the green, was the capital of Muslim Caliphate in…

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The Impact of Islam on Urban Development in North Africa

This paper seeks to remind readers of the contribution of…

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Ottoman Educational Institutions during the Reform Period

The Imperial Tanzimat Rescript (Tanzimat Fermani) announced on 3 November…

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The Muslim Influence on Musical Theory

The Muslim influence on musical theory is strongly denied by…

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Impact on Instrumental Tablature

The Arabs were the first to give Europe a scientific…

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The Contribution of Muslims to the Development of Music

An insight into the influence of Muslims on the musical…

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Curricula in Ottoman Madrasas

It is possible to provide a basic (though only partial)…

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Ranking of the Ottoman Madrasas

Following the conquest of Istanbul, Mehmed the Conqueror initiated a…

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The Muslim Carpet

The Muslim carpet has long been a luxury commodity sought…

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Muslim Musical Instruments Transmitted to Europe

Many musical instruments came into European civilisation from Islamic Civilsation.…

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Music in Muslim Civilisation

People who are familiar with traditional Arab music as well…

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Spain’s Islamic Legacy

Muslims ruled in Spain and Portugal over a period of…

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Christopher Wren and the Muslim Origin of Gothic Architecture

Christopher Wren's respect for Muslim architecture is displayed in his…

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Tunis in the Islamic Period

Tunis was rebuilt under the Roman Emperor Augustus in the…

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The University of Sankore, Timbuktu

Sankore's achievement in higher education is important to Islamic Civilisation…

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The Seljuk Mausoleum

Under the Seljuk patronage the mausoleum saw considerable development. This…

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The Seljuk Caravanserai (the Khan)

The Seljuk's developed the caravanserais or khans (Anatolia) or Ribat.…

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The Seljuk Madrassa

Seljuk's made developments in the form, function and character of…

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The Seljuk Minarets

The Seljuk mosques took a form of minaret which was…

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The Seljuk Kiosk Mosque and General Plan

Another Seljuk innovation in the plan of the mosque appeared…

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The Seljuk Iwan

The Seljuk Iwan

According to Scerrato (1980) the Iwans plans of Seljuk Mosques…

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Architecture Under Seljuk Patronage (1038-1327)

The Seljuks were the first Turkish dynasty to rule the…

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Cordoba, European Jewel of the Middle Ages

Cordoba used to be the jewel of Europe dazzling visitors…

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The Great Umayyad Mosque

The Great Umayyad Mosque remains one of the great symbols…

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Ribat of Soussa, Muslim invention of rib vaulting?

In the Ribat (defensive engineering structures) of Port Soussa one…

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Ibn Tulun Mosque

Ibn Tulun Mosque is a rare example where Europeans openly…

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A’mr Mosque

In year 642AD, A'mr Ibn Al-Aas laid the foundations of…

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Al-Qayrawan

Founded in 670 by Uqba bin Nafi, it was the…

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The Taj Mahal

A white marble tomb built in 1631-48 in Agra, seat…

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Interior Architecture of Desert Climate

Mr. Hadi Ali Shateh discusses design solutions adopted in regions…

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Figs in Muslim Spain

Figs may not have had the economic importance of olives,…

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Pottery, Ceramics and Glass

As in all civilisations, great use was made of pottery,…

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Qarawiyin Mosque

Almost entirely enclosed by narrow alleyways, the mosque of Qarawiyin,…

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Abbasid Gardens in Baghdad and Samarra

The love of gardens during the Abbâsid period, whether in…

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The Horseshoe and Transverse Arches

The first Muslim adaptation and modification of the design of…

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Terminological issues of Islamic Architecture

Terminological issues are connected with the use of "Muslim" and…

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Theoretical issues of Islamic Architechture

Although Muslim architecture has been investigated by both Muslims and…

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Morphological and functional categories of the Mosque

The mosque plan was developed through a process of change…

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The Arch That Never Sleeps

Perhaps no culture mastered the design and use of the…

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Introduction to Islamic Architecture

Islamic architecture encompasses a wide range of both secular and…

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Architecture under Umayyad Patronage (661-750)

Under the Umayyads, Islam spread to various lands, generating considerable…

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Al-Qayrawan Mosque

The Qayrawan Mosque contributed a great deal to the development…

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The Palaces of Ukhaidir

The architects of Ukhaidir first introduced a new elaborate technique…

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The Abbassid Mosques

Building enthusiasm of the Abbassids took a new dimension in…

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Ceremonial Gates of the Abbassids

Among the features of the Abbassids elaborate lifestyle that had…

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Architecture under Abbassid Patronage (750-892)

The Abbassids became patrons of a number of gigantic construction…

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Al-Hambra Palace and the river of paradise

The palace is an architectural masterpiece in every term. The…

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Bab Mardum Mosque – An inspiration for Gothic?

Bab Mardum Mosque was built in Toledo Spain between 999…

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Al-Zahra – City of Andalus

Al-Zahra became renowned for its high advanced civilisation, style and…

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The Mosque of Cordoba

One cannot visit Cordoba (in Spain) today without a trip…

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Architecture of Muslim Caliphate in North Africa

The arrival of Islam to North Africa at the hands…

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Architecture of Muslim Spain and North Africa

First in a series of articles on the Architecture of…

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The Pointed Arch

The first appearance of the pointed arch in the Muslim…

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The Islamic Historical Literature

The narration of historical events and the reflexion upon their…

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Introduction to Muslim Art and Ornaments

Muslim art differs from the art of other cultures in…

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Introduction to the Islamic City

Islam is seen by many scholars as an urban religion,…

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Education in Islam – The Role of the Mosque

...leading by example, the Prophet made the first institution of…

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Al-Azhar University

Al-Azhar Mosque in Cairo in Egypt is a fundamental Islamic…

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Earlier mention of 1001 Sports

Professor Salim Al-Hassani published short articles and gave presentations on…

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