Tag : instruments

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Science In India During The Muslim Rule

by Zakaria Virk Published on: 29th October 2019

The scientific cooperation between India and the Arabs dates back to the time of Abbasid Caliphate of Baghdad when a number of books on astronomy, mathematics, and medicine were translated from Sanskrit into Arabic. From…

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Oxford Museum of the History of Science Online Al-Mizan Exhibition

by Sairah Yassir-Deane Published on: 16th November 2017

The Oxford Museum of the History of Science launched an online Al-Mizan Exhibition, this exhibition explores the connections between the sciences and arts in societies from Muslim Civilisation.

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Islamic Astronomy from “Star Wars” to Star Tables

by Glen M. Cooper Published on: 10th November 2017

The most obvious difference between modern and Islamic astronomy is that the latter is primarily mathematical and predictive, and the former has other observational goals, such as describing the physics of other worlds.

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Star-finders Astrolabes

by Cem Nizamoglu Published on: 7th September 2017

Over a thousand-year period in Muslim Civilisation, epoch-making discoveries and contributions, such as the first record of a star system outside our own galaxy were made. Also astronomical instruments including celestial globes, armillary spheres, sextants…

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Science and Engineering in the Islamic Heritage Symposium

by Al-Furqan Published on: 31st August 2017

“Science and Engineering in the Islamic Heritage”, a Symposium organised by Al-Furqān Islamic Heritage Foundation – Centre for the Study of Islamic Manuscripts, in co-operation with the Foundation for Science, Technology and Civilisation (UK), on…

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A Chronology – Turkey’s 700-year long venture in science and technology

by Feza Günergun Published on: 13th April 2017

A chronology on "Science from the East - Techniques from the West: Turkey's 700-year long venture" is compiled by Professor Dr. Feza Günergun, Department of the History of Science, Istanbul University. People sought knowledge for…

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Albucasis: A Landmark for Arabic and European Surgery

by Maria Do Sameiro Barroso Published on: 9th February 2017

This article presents Abu'l-Qasim Khalaf ibn 'Abbas al-Zaharawi, Arabic أبو القاسم خلف بن عباس الزهراوي, Latin Albucasis (936-1013 A.D.), one on the most outstanding Arabic physicians and the most remarkable Arabic surgeon. His work had…

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Al-Khalili and the Culmination of Spherical Astronomy in 14th-Century Damascus

by David A King Published on: 9th June 2016

Syria in the 14th century was the scene of the most sophisticated developments in astronomy anywhere in the world. Shams al-Din al-Khalili was a muwaqqit, or mosque astronomer, in Damascus in the middle of that…

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Ibn Yunus and The Pendulum: A History of Errors

by David A King Published on: 29th April 2015

In this article, Professor David A. King explores the authenticity of the statement that tenth-century Egyptian astronomer Ibn Yūnus was the first person to use a pendulum to measure time. After examining evidence originating from…

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L’orgue hydraulique des Banu Mûsa (The Hydraulic Organ of Banu Musa)

by Mona Sanjakdar Chaarani Published on: 13th August 2013

(The Hydraulic Organ of Banu Musa (9th Century): An Early Instrument of Mechanical Music) In the following article, Dr Mona Chaarani describes in a short article in French her reconstruction of the hydraulic organ of…

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The History of Islamic Science in the 23rd International Congress of History of Science

by The Editorial Team Published on: 12th April 2013

The International Union of History and Philosophy of Science organised in 28 July-2 August 2009 in Budapest, Hungary, the 23rd International Congress of History of Science and Technology. The theme of the congress was: Ideas…

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Muhammad Al-Karaji: A Mathematician Engineer from the Early 11th Century

by Mohammed Abattouy Published on: 4th June 2009

Abu Bakr Muhammed Al-Karaji is a Muslim mathematician and engineer from the late 10th century-early 11th century. Of Persian origin, he spent an important part of his scientific life in Baghdad where he composed ground…

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Interview with Professor Emilie Savage-Smith

by Kaleem Hussain Published on: 26th May 2009

Professor Emilie Savage-Smith expands in this remarkable interview on Islamic medicine of which she draws a lively picture. Beginning with a general survey of the conditions of its inception and development in an intercultural context,…

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The Instruments of Istanbul Observatory

by Sevim Tekeli Published on: 8th June 2008

In this article, Professor Sevim Tekeli, an outstanding scholar in the history of Ottoman science, describes the instruments built by Taqî al-Dîn Ibn Ma'ruf and his team at the Istanbul observatory (was in activity between…

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Principle and Use of Ottoman Sundials

by Atilla Bir Published on: 30th May 2008

Muslim astronomers and engineers invented a variety of dials for timekeeping and for determining the times of the five daily prayers. In this thorough and technical study, Professor Attila Bir analyses the principle and use…

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The Armillary Sphere: A Concentrate of Knowledge in Islamic Astronomy

by Samia Khan Published on: 1st December 2007

The armillary sphere is an ancient astronomical instrument reproducing a model of the celestial sphere. In its simplest form, it was known since the antiquity. The article presents the principle of its drawing and use,…

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Seeking Seamless Scientific Wonders: Review of Emilie Savage-Smith’s Work

by Najma Kazi Published on: 24th November 2007

Najma Kazi reviews some salient aspects of Emilie Savage-Smith's work. Emilie Savage-Smith, who is a Professor of History of Science at the Oriental Institute (Oxford University), is an internationally recognised authority on the History of…

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Literature and Music in Muslim Civilisation

by The Editorial Team Published on: 11th April 2007

An outline of the main types of Arabic literature and their influence on European literature and a description of the main Arabic instruments and their subsequent development in Europe.

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Using an Astrolabe

by Emily Winterburn Published on: 10th August 2005

The history of the astrolabe begins more than two thousand years ago, but it is in the Islamic classical world that the astrolabe was highly developed and its uses widely multiplied. Introduced to Europe from…

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Astronomical Instruments of Tycho Brahe and Taqi al-Din

by FSTC Limited Published on: 26th April 2005

Tycho Brahe "was a brilliant astronomer and scientist of his time, and has had a big significance on the development of astronomy, science in general, and our view of the world" has been influenced by…

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Modelling the Stars

by Jonathan Chang Published on: 30th June 2004

The measurement of the positions of the stars was developed and refined by scientists of the Muslim world and many kinds of Models were developed. These are described within this article.

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The Muslim Influence on Musical Theory

by Rabah Saoud Published on: 21st April 2004

The Muslim influence on musical theory is strongly denied by Western scholars. Even those who accept the Muslims playing some role, reject their deep involvement with the theory,although the Muslims used notation in musical theory…

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Impact on Instrumental Tablature

by Rabah Saoud Published on: 21st April 2004

The Arabs were the first to give Europe a scientific description of musical instruments. Looking back into history we can give a descriptive influence of the Muslim scheme of phonetic notation and instrumental tablature which…

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The Contribution of Muslims to the Development of Music

by Rabah Saoud Published on: 21st April 2004

An insight into the influence of Muslims on the musical revival of Europe which can be detected as early as the period of the Carolingian Empire.

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Muslim Musical Instruments Transmitted to Europe

by Rabah Saoud Published on: 2nd April 2004

Many musical instruments came into European civilisation from Islamic Civilsation. Much of this is hardly known and rarely acknowledged. This article starts to set the record straight

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Music in Muslim Civilisation

by Rabah Saoud Published on: 1st April 2004

People who are familiar with traditional Arab music as well as Flamenco will know the obvious historical connections. What is less well known are the deeper connections from Western musical instruments and theory back to…

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The impact of Al-Battani on European Astronomy

by FSTC Published on: 27th December 2001

Al-Battani used the widest variety of instruments: astrolabes, tubes, a gnomon divided into twelve parts, a celestial globe with five armillaries, parallax rules, a mural quadrant, sundials, vertical as well as horizontal.

The Muslim Pioneers of Astronomy

by FSTC Published on: 27th December 2001

Most eminent Muslim astronomers include Al-Battani, al-Sufi, al-Biruni, and Ibn Yunus. They recorded the position of the sun, moon and the stars.

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Astronomical Observatories in the Classical Islamic Culture

by Salah Zaimeche Published on: 27th December 2001

The modern astronomical observatory as a research institute (as opposed to a private observation post as was the case in ancient times) is a creation of the Islamic scientific tradition. Since the early 9th century,…