Tag : geography

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Manuscript Review: The Book of Routes and Kingdoms, by Ibn Khordadbeh

by N.A. Baloch Published on: 24th July 2017

[Ibn Khordadbeh] grew up to be a knowledgeable scholar, and during the reign of Caliph al-Mu`tamid (256-279 A.11/870-892) he was appointed as Director of Post and Information in the province of Jibal...

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Ravy (Rayy)

by Salah Zaimeche Published on: 29th March 2017

Rayy was a city in the old Persian region of Media, during the Islamic times in the province of Djibal...

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Mega Cities on the Silk Road

by Cem Nizamoglu Published on: 25th August 2016

Throughout history, trade routes played a central role in the transfer of goods and exchange of ideas between different parts of the world. The historic Silk Roads, which were a network of trade routes across…

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The Unpublished Works of Arabic Geography: An Overview and a Classification

by Ayman Fuad Sayyid Published on: 28th August 2015

Islamic geographical texts are not only valuable in terms of geographical research, they also constitute an essential resource in the study of Arab-Islamic civilisation - its literature, history, learning and economics. This chapter will attempt…

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Turkey: Home of TURQUOISE

by Videos Published on: 9th June 2015

"Did you know the word 'turquoise' is a French word that simply means 'Turkish'?

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Al-Muqaddasi and Human Geography: An Early Contribution to Social Sciences

by Salah Zaimeche Published on: 21st September 2009

Recent scholarly interest in the genesis of social sciences in Islamic culture is a noteworthy shift. Until recent times, the development of these fields was credited exclusively to the modern Western tradition, especially to the…

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MHAG Meeting at the Royal Society, London

by Salim Al-Hassani Published on: 8th August 2009

Meeting of the Muslim Heritage Awareness Group (MHAG) in London

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Filling the Gap in the History of Pre-Modern Industry: 1000 Years of Missing Islamic Industry

by Salim Al-Hassani Published on: 24th July 2009

Most educational systems, particularly those of Western countries, teach that industry was born in Europe and that the Industrial Revolution was the mother that delivered industrial mass production. Salim Al-Hassani, Chairman of FSTC and eminent…

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Celebrating an Ottoman Intellectual: 2009 Year of Kâtip Çelebi

by The Editorial Team Published on: 1st July 2009

Kâtip Çelebi was arguably the most important Ottoman intellectual figure of the 17th century. Being the author of many works in the fields of bio-bibliography, geography, history and economics, he held reformist opinions and cultivated…

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The Horizon of Katip Celebi’s Thought

by Bekir Karliga Published on: 16th June 2009

The article of Professor Dr. Bekir Karliga on the horizon of Katip Çelebi's thought is a tremendous analysis of the reformist efforts deployed by the renowned 17th-century Ottoman scholar Katip Çelebi Mustafa bin Abdallah, known…

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Turkish Contributions to Islamic Geography

by Imran Baba Published on: 18th January 2007

Turkish contributions to geography are vast in content and have a very significant place in the history of geography. Turkish geographers, especially cartographers made major contributions and formed a bridge between medieval Islamic and modern…

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Echos of What Lies Behind the ‘Ocean of Fogs’ in Muslim Historical Narratives

by Mohammed Hamidullah Published on: 16th January 2007

This article is an edited version of the article originally written by the late Professor Mohammed Hamidullah, "Muslim Discovery of America before Columbus", Journal of the Muslim Students' Association of the United States and Canada.…

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Better Directions at Sea: The Piri Reis Innovation

by Thomas D. Goodrich Published on: 8th January 2007

The Ottoman Turk Pîrî Reis is truly a great figure in the history of cartography. Pîrî Reis has become well known for his two world maps and for his portolan, the Kitab-i Bahriye. By merging…

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The Oldest Map of Japan Drawn by Mahmud of Kashgar

by Sevim Tekeli Published on: 3rd January 2007

Although the Japanese map was included for the first time in a world atlas in the 15th century, the very first map of Japan was drawn by Mahmud of Kashgar in early 11th century.

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Contribution of Al-Khwarizmi to Mathematics and Geography

by N. Akmal Ayyubi Published on: 27th December 2006

Muhammad ibn Musa Al-Khwarizmi is one of the greatest scientific minds of the medieval period and a most important Muslim mathematician who was justly called the 'father of algebra'. Besides his founding the science of…

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Ibn Jubair: Capturing the Decline of Islamic Power

by FSTC Published on: 17th May 2006

Ibn Jubair is widely recognised as one of the greatest travellers and geographers of Muslim history. From excerpts his work, The Travels of Ibn Jubair, as presented in this short article we are able to…

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The Muslim Agricultural Revolution

by Zohor Idrisi Published on: 1st February 2006

The landscape in the areas under Muslim control from the 7th Century changed radically. Their rich contributions are most notable within the fields of irrigation, farming techniques, encyclopeadic works in botany, and the introduction new…

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Baghdad

by Salah Zaimeche Published on: 7th June 2005

The city of Baghdad was founded under the second Abbasid caliph Al-Mansur (ruled 754-775). After a lengthy research along the course of the Tigris as far north as Mosul, he decided to construct a palace…

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Aspects of Mineralogy and Gemology in Muslim Civilisation

by Abdulkader M. Abed Published on: 7th June 2003

Many Muslim scholars dealt with minerals and gems and wrote monographs on the subject. The golden age of their writings was the 4th-5th century after Hijra (AH) (10th-11th century CE). They used almost all the…

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Al-Muqaddasi: An Encyclopaedic Scholar

by Salah Zaimeche Published on: 1st July 2002

Al-Muqaddasi (or Al-Maqdisi), originally from Al-Quds (Jerusalem), hence his name, is by far one of the most instructive of all early Islamic writers on the society of Islam.

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The Travels of Ibn Jubair

by Salah Zaimeche Published on: 1st June 2002

Born in Valencia, Ibn Jubair (Ibn Jubayr) travelled widely, offering good accounts of the life of Muslims and their surroundings in both Eastern and Western parts.

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The Travels of Ibn Fadlan

by Salah Zaimeche Published on: 1st June 2002

In his Rihla/Risala (travel narrative, account or journal), Ibn Fadlan, who in the tenth century, accompanied a mission from the Caliph al-Muktadir to the Volga Bulgars, describes his experiences and the people and places he…

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Piri Reis and his Place in Ottoman Maritime History

by Salah Zaimeche Published on: 1st June 2002

When dealing with Turkish history, whether during the Ottoman period or after, one comes across horrendous claims and errors by countless historians which utterly distort the subject. To try and write correctly Turkish history is…

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Piri Reis maps America

by FSTC Published on: 6th January 2002

In 1513 Piri Reis presented his famous map of the New World to the Sultan, giving the Ottomans, well before many European rulers, an accurate description of the American discoveries as well as details about…

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Introduction to the Islamic City

by Rabah Saoud Published on: 14th October 2001

Islam is seen by many scholars as an urban religion, which favours communal practice on individual worship. Although, piety is the only source of appraisal, it is widely accepted that most of Islam's teaching is…