Tag: Water

World Water Day

by Cem Nizamoglu Published on: 21st March 2024

Water is life... there are a few things that every human being agrees with. One of them is of course water being essential to our life. It is embedded not just biologically but in every…

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Flowing Through History: Water Management in Muslim Civilization

by Marwan Haddad Published on: 12th March 2024

This paper delves into the rich tapestry of Muslim heritage and civilization, exploring the multifaceted contributions related to water management that have shaped cultures, sciences, arts, and societies across time and geography. This study aims…

Pro-Environmental Practices in Muslim Civilization

by Marwan Haddad Published on: 6th November 2021

This paper is an overview of pro-environmental practices, behavior, and considerations as influenced by Islam. For a simpler presentation and discussion, pro-environmental practices in this paper are divided into technical and non-technical/social. Technical practices include…

Water Supply, Sanitation, Hygienic Considerations and Practices in Muslim Civilizations

by Marwan Haddad Published on: 9th April 2021

Water supply and sanitation along with hygienic considerations and practices in the Muslim civilisations over centuries is important to document and report because of its relation to Muslims’ economic, cultural and social aspects of life. Due…


Hydraulic Imagery in Medieval Arabic Texts

by Constantin Canavas Published on: 5th July 2020

The Arabic reports about irrigation, dams and water-powered machines form a cultural construction which could be called hydraulic imagery. The term imagery is related to the perception patterns concerning hydraulic constructions inasmuch these patterns are…


Water Sterilization Technology in Muslim Civilisation

by Maha Al-Shaar Published on: 31st August 2017

Water-related diseases are the most critical health problems in the world now, therefore the mechanisms of sterilize water and its development gained the attention of governments and scientists.


Al-Jazari’s Castle Water Clock: Analysis of its Components and Functioning

by Salim Al-Hassani Published on: 13th March 2008

The first machine described by al-Jazari in his famous treatise of mechanics Al-Jami‘ bayn al-‘ilm wa 'l-‘amal al-nafi‘ fi sina‘at al-hiyal (A Compendium on the Theory and Useful Practice of the Mechanical Arts) is a…


The Self Changing Fountain of Banu Musa bin Shakir

by Salim Al-Hassani Published on: 10th March 2008

Amongst the mechanical devices described by the Banu Musa Brothers in their book of mechanics Kitab al-hiyal, seven models present a variety of sophisticated fountains. This article analyses the geometric and physical principles lying behind…


The Book of Water (Kitab Al-Ma’a)

by FSTC Published on: 17th January 2003

Kitab Al-Ma'a, a strange title for the first known Encyclopedia of Medicine arranged according to the alphabet was recently discovered in Algeria and published in Oman. Contains over 900 pages and was written by Ibn…


Water Management and Hydraulic Technology

by FSTC Published on: 30th December 2001

Water management in all its intricacies, from Andalusia to Afghanistan, was the basis of agriculture, and source of all life. Muslims did much to develop hydraulic technology and deploy water management equipment including hydro-power dams.