Tag : maps

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When the World was Upside Down: Maps from Muslim Civilisation

by Cem Nizamoglu Published on: 15th December 2017

Great scholars from Muslim Civilisation, indeed, turned the world upside down with their maps; not just metaphorically but world maps once were literally upside down (with south dipicted at the top).

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From Petra back to Makka – From “Pibla” back to Qibla

by David A King Published on: 22nd August 2017

A critique of Dan Gibson, Early Islamic Qiblas: A Survey of mosques built between 1AH/622 C.E. and 263 AH/876 C.E. (with maps, charts and photographs), 296 pp., Vancouver BC: Independent Scholars Press, 2017

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The Unpublished Works of Arabic Geography: An Overview and a Classification

by Ayman Fuad Sayyid Published on: 28th August 2015

Islamic geographical texts are not only valuable in terms of geographical research, they also constitute an essential resource in the study of Arab-Islamic civilisation - its literature, history, learning and economics. This chapter will attempt…

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Piri Reis: A Genius 16th-Century Ottoman Cartographer and Navigator

by Salah Zaimeche Published on: 13th February 2010

Piri Reis is a well known Ottoman-Turkish admiral, geographer and cartographer from the 16th century. His famous world map compiled in 1513 and discovered in 1929 at Topkapi Palace in Istanbul is the oldest known…

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The Book of Curiosities or A Medieval Islamic View of the Cosmos

by Mohammed Abattouy Published on: 28th October 2008

The Bodleian Library at the University of Oxford has purchased the medieval Arabic manuscript Kitab Gharaib al-funun wa-mulah al-uyun popularised under the title the Book of Curiosities, an exceptionally rich text on cosmography. The treatise…

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Mapping and Picturing: Maps as Records of History

by Gunsel Renda Published on: 3rd February 2007

A study of historical maps and sea charts indicates that cartographers have often considered map making as an art as well as a science and aimed to record the different parts of the world not…

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Better Directions at Sea: The Piri Reis Innovation

by Thomas D. Goodrich Published on: 8th January 2007

The Ottoman Turk Pîrî Reis is truly a great figure in the history of cartography. Pîrî Reis has become well known for his two world maps and for his portolan, the Kitab-i Bahriye. By merging…

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The Oldest Map of Japan Drawn by Mahmud of Kashgar

by Sevim Tekeli Published on: 3rd January 2007

Although the Japanese map was included for the first time in a world atlas in the 15th century, the very first map of Japan was drawn by Mahmud of Kashgar in early 11th century.

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Earliest maps of America

by Sevim Tekeli Published on: 4th January 2005

The earliest maps made of America by Columbus have all since been lost. However, a number of very early and accurate maps exist which were made by Piri Reis based on material including the maps…

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Piri Reis maps America

by FSTC Published on: 6th January 2002

In 1513 Piri Reis presented his famous map of the New World to the Sultan, giving the Ottomans, well before many European rulers, an accurate description of the American discoveries as well as details about…