Tag: Culture

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Manchester Science Festival to Feature Family Event on Ibn Al-Haytham

by 1001 Inventions Published on: 20th September 2018

1001 Inventions Celebrates Ibn Al-Haytham at Manchester’s Iconic Central Library

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Embedding Scientific Ideas as a Mode of Science Transmission

by George Saliba Published on: 12th September 2018

I used the discipline of astronomy as a template to record the transmitted ideas and hoped that other people, who work on other disciplines, would do the same, all in an effort to paint a…

Constantine the African and the Qayrawani doctors: Contribution of the ‘Phoenicians’ of North Africa to Latin Medicine in the Middle Ages and Renaissance

by Charles Burnett Published on: 10th September 2018

When a sixteenth-century medical writer referred to Phoenicians, alongside Arabs, as exceptionally important medical sources, he was probably referring to the Muslim and Jewish doctors of Qayrawan, who were writing in Arabic in the tenth…

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Technology in sub-Saharan Cultures

by Khaleel Shaikh Published on: 5th June 2017

Genetic and paleontological findings have concluded that Africa is the birthplace of the entire human race. Africa is often thought of as a continent rich in natural beauty and culture. However, little is known or…

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A Culture Devoted to Healing

by Glen M. Cooper Published on: 4th January 2017

Muslim Contributions to the Medical Sciences A Tribute to Dr Rabie E. Abdel-Halim

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A Tale of Two Civilisations: The Viking and the Muslim Civilisation

by Cem Nizamoglu Published on: 16th February 2016

Dating back to March 2015, news regarding the discovery of a ring found on a Viking woman in an ancient burial ground with the inscription 'For/To Allah' erupted in mainstream media. The mystery surrounding how…

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Nearly 3 Centuries old light system illuminates a sacred grave on Sun’s equinox

by Cem Nizamoglu Published on: 23rd September 2015

This year has been chosen as "International Year of Light (IYL2015)" by UNESCO, what a perfect time to remember these words: “If the first light of the new year doesn’t shine upon my mentor, then…

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Inter-cultural Respect through Cultural Roots of Science

by Salim Al-Hassani Published on: 20th June 2012

The important lecture presented by Professor Salim Al-Hassani at the 15th Euro-Asian Economic Forum held in Istanbul and Izmir, Turkey in April 2012 addressed an assembly of eminent political representatives of fifty countries. His focus…

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A 1000 Years Amnesia: Sports in Muslim Heritage

by Salim Al-Hassani Published on: 20th June 2012

Professor Salim Al-Hassani published in the issue 369 (Spring 2012, p. 10) of Runnymede Bulletin (Spring 2012 Runnymede Bulletin - Sport) a short article on “Sports in Muslim Heritage”. He argues, notably, that while Europe…

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The European Muslim Heritage and its Role in the Development of Europe

by Salim Al-Hassani Published on: 18th December 2010

In a keynote lecture pronounced by Professor Salim T S Al-Hassani in September 2003 at the European Parliament in Brussels, he used slides and 3-D animations to outline the impressive heritage which Europe received from…

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The Coffee Route from Yemen to London 10th-17th Centuries

by Salah Zaimeche Published on: 11th October 2010

The history of coffee goes at least as far back as the 9th century. From Eastern Africa, coffee spread to Egypt and Yemen. The earliest credible evidence for either coffee drinking or knowledge of the…

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Heritage Research for Cultural Inter-Appreciation in the Balkans

by Sali Shahsivari Published on: 15th July 2010

[Proceedings of the conference 1001 Inventions: Muslim Heritage in Our World organised by FSTC, London, 25-26 May 2010]. In this vibrant plea for cultural inter-appreciation in the Balkan, Sali Shahsivari outlines the role that may…

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Obituary: Salah al-Din al-Munajjed

by The Editorial Team Published on: 9th March 2010

At the beginning of 2010, the Islamic world at large and the Islamic Studies community in particular, lost Dr Salah al-Din al Munajjed, a brilliant and eminent scholar who passed away on 18 January 2010…

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Introduction to Islamic Art

by Rabah Saoud Published on: 24th February 2010

One area where the genius of the Muslim civilisation has been recognised worldwide is that of art. The artists of the Islamic world adapted their creativity to evoke their inner beliefs in a series of…

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Ottoman Palace Cuisine of the Classical Period

by Arif Bilgin Published on: 9th April 2009

Turkish cuisine is largely the heritage of Ottoman cuisine, which can be described as a fusion and refinement of Central Asian, Middle Eastern and Balkan cuisines. Turkish cuisine also influenced these cuisines and other neighbouring…

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Mont Saint-Michel or Toledo: Greek or Arabic Sources for Medieval European Culture?

by Charles Burnett Published on: 25th February 2009

In a recent book, Sylvain Gouguenheim has caused a furore in claiming that European culture owes nothing to Arabic culture. The following article by Professor Charles Burnett, an eminent scholar in the intellectual context of…

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Food as Medicine in Muslim Civilization

by Nil Sari Published on: 9th January 2009

The subject of food and diet was very essential in the Islamic Cuisine. Both of them were very important in the most of the medical manuscripts in the Ottoman world. Balanced diet was also important…

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Our Arabic Heritage in the Celestial Vault

by Roland Laffitte Published on: 1st May 2008

In Arabic culture, as in other civilisations, the cultural dimension of the history of astronomy appears in part in the meanings and origins of star and constellation names. This nomenclature was shaped by cultural symbols…

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A Wealth of Scholarship: Recent Publications in Islamic Art, Culture and History

by FSTC Published on: 31st October 2007

This is a general review of some 23 recent publications (books, films, and articles) on various aspects of Islamic culture, history and civilisation. The survey concentrates on titles related to three categories: art and architecture,…

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Cats in Islamic Culture

by Cem Nizamoglu Published on: 16th April 2007

This article describes the various cultural representations associated to cats in Islamic civilisation and shows examples of the respect, love and understanding with which cats were treated and regarded in Islamic history. This original attitude…

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Literature and Music in Muslim Civilisation

by The Editorial Team Published on: 11th April 2007

An outline of the main types of Arabic literature and their influence on European literature and a description of the main Arabic instruments and their subsequent development in Europe.

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Scandinavia and Ibn Fadlan

by The Editorial Team Published on: 2nd February 2007

This short article provides brief accounts of Ibn Fadlan's observation on Scandinavia and a people he calls the Rus. His reports have become a great source for successive historians on a range of topics from…

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Beauty and Aesthetics in Islam

by Wijdan Ali Published on: 25th January 2007

The Islamic civilisation allowed the development of autonomous norms of beauty that were inspired by the faith of Islam. The Islamic artistic tradition viewed the beauty of the universe, emphasized in the Quran, and the…

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The Minaret, Symbol of a Civilization

by Cherif Jah Abderrahmán Published on: 17th January 2007

The minaret is the architectural shape which best indicates the presence of mosque. Over the centuries the mosque assumed a number of roles including a social centre, place for prayer, teaching institute, court of justice,…

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Scientific Life during the Period of the Anatolian Seljuks

by Ekmeleddin Ihsanoglu Published on: 29th December 2006

Besides the madrasas, hospitals and social assistance institutions established in Anatolia during the Anatolian Seljuk period and that of their successors the Municipalities, scholarly-scientific and cultural activities were encouraged and received the patronage of the…

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The Ottoman Empire and Europe: Cultural Encounters

by Gunsel Renda Published on: 3rd December 2006

This article mainly covers the cultural encounters between Europe and the Ottomans who had become immediate neighbours on the Balkans and the Mediterranean after the Ottoman state expanded into Central Europe.

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Islamic Art as a Means of Cultural Exchange

by Wijdan Ali Published on: 28th November 2006

With the expansion of Islam over a vast area of land, Muslim artists started to develop the traits they had borrowed from other civilisations, and created their own styles, motifs and fashion which conformed to…

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Muslim Roots, U.S. Blues

by Jonathan Curiel Published on: 17th November 2006

To many the idea that American blues music has its origins with Muslims and even the Islamic call to prayer is inconceivable. It is also largely unknown that up to thirty percent of enslaved Americans,…

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The Great Turk Genius Amir Khusraw and his Accomplishments in Music

by N.A. Baloch Published on: 6th July 2005

Amir Khusraw (d. 1325) was essentially an eminent musician and is regarded as a great savant in the history of world music and a genius of unequalled stature in the history of music in the…

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Beauty, Hair and Body Care in the Canon of Ibn Sina

by Nil Sari Published on: 17th June 2005

The seventh and last art mentioned in the fourth book of the Canon of Medicine by Ibn Sina is assigned to the theme of "zina", that is beauty and physical appearance. It consists of four…

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Bosniacs

by Christoph Bathelt Published on: 9th November 2004

The Bosniac Muslims played a crucial role integrated in the Austro-Hungarian empire and Muslims and Islam continues to have great recognition in Austria.

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The Impact of Islam on Urban Development in North Africa

by Rabah Saoud Published on: 5th May 2004

This paper seeks to remind readers of the contribution of Islam to the civilisation of the peoples of North Africa by looking at its influence on the urbanisation of the region. The aim is to…

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The Muslim Carpet

by Rabah Saoud Published on: 13th April 2004

The Muslim carpet has long been a luxury commodity sought by textile museums, rich collectors and wealthy merchants all over the world. The fame of the flying carpet of 'Al'a Al-Din (Aladdin) added some emotional…

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Muslim Musical Instruments Transmitted to Europe

by Rabah Saoud Published on: 2nd April 2004

Many musical instruments came into European civilisation from Islamic Civilsation. Much of this is hardly known and rarely acknowledged. This article starts to set the record straight

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Spain’s Islamic Legacy

by S. M. Ghazanfar Published on: 15th March 2004

Muslims ruled in Spain and Portugal over a period of 800 years. When the Christians finally forced out the Muslims and instituted the inquisition they encountered some of the great achievements of Islamic science and…

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Ziryab, the Musician, Astronomer, Fashion Designer and Gastronome

by The Editorial Team Published on: 13th June 2003

Abul-Hasan Alí Ibn Nafí, nicknamed Ziryab, was Chief Entertainer of the Court of Cordoba in 822AD. He revolutionised medieval music, lifestyle, fashion, hairstyles, furniture and even tableware. He transformed the way people ate, socialised, and…

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Cordoba, European Jewel of the Middle Ages

by FSTC Published on: 4th April 2003

Cordoba used to be the jewel of Europe dazzling visitors from the North. With over 70 public libraries during the time of Caliph Hakam II, and 900 public baths, Scholars and booksellers flocked there and…

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Figs in Muslim Spain

by Thomas F. Glick Published on: 21st July 2002

Figs may not have had the economic importance of olives, yet they afford an excellent example of the intensification of agriculture in Islamic Spain. This was manifest in the dazzling variety of the fruit available…

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Pottery, Ceramics and Glass

by Gaston Wiet Published on: 21st July 2002

As in all civilisations, great use was made of pottery, for cooking, lighting, washing, etc. In the bazaar in Cairo, grocers, druggists and ironmongers provided the glasses, the faience vessels and the paper to hold…

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Al-Muqaddasi: An Encyclopaedic Scholar

by Salah Zaimeche Published on: 1st July 2002

Al-Muqaddasi (or Al-Maqdisi), originally from Al-Quds (Jerusalem), hence his name, is by far one of the most instructive of all early Islamic writers on the society of Islam.

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Multi-ethnic Science Community with Islam

by Salah Zaimeche Published on: 11th March 2002

By far the most multi-ethnic culture and civilisation that had ever existed, the Muslim Scientific community included Jews and Chrisitians.

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Introduction to Muslim Art and Ornaments

by Rabah Saoud Published on: 14th October 2001

Muslim art differs from the art of other cultures in the form and material as well as in the subject and meaning. Read Dr. Saoud's facinating insight into the world of Muslim Art.

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Education in Islam – The Role of the Mosque

by Salah Zaimeche Published on: 12th August 2001

...leading by example, the Prophet made the first institution of Islam, the first mosque he built in Madinah, into an institution of learning.