Tag: Seljuks

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Mosul the Pearl of Northern Iraq: Its History and Contribution to Classical Civilisation of Islam

by The Editorial Team Published on: 13th July 2013

Mosul, in Northern Iraq, is the country's second largest city and the north's major center for trade, industry and communications. Situated in the northwestern part of the country, on the west bank of Tigris, and…

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Turkish Medical History of the Seljuk Era

by Ali Haydar Bayat Published on: 3rd April 2009

The Great Seljuk state was part of the medieval Islamic civilization. Most of its scientific institutions and educational traditions were inherited from previous and contemporary Muslim and Turkish states. In this well documented article, the…

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The Seljuk Face of Anatolia: Aspects of the Social and Intellectual History of Seljuk Architecture

by Semra Ogel Published on: 15th January 2008

This article deals with the Seljuk Anatolian architecture and art. The art of the Seljuk sultans showed much interest in public buildings such as caravanserais, schools and hospitals. This architecture was based on strong religious…

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Scientific Life during the Period of the Anatolian Seljuks

by Ekmeleddin Ihsanoglu Published on: 29th December 2006

Besides the madrasas, hospitals and social assistance institutions established in Anatolia during the Anatolian Seljuk period and that of their successors the Municipalities, scholarly-scientific and cultural activities were encouraged and received the patronage of the…

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Cosmic Motifs & Elements in Seljuk and Ottoman Architecture

by Nakis Akgul Published on: 29th September 2005

The structure of Mosques and other buildings draw inspiration from descriptions in the Qur'an as well as pre-Islamic motifs. Here we look at how some of the resulting motifs and elements reflect the idea of…

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Karatay Madrasa, Konya 1252

by FSTC Published on: 13th April 2005

Karatay Madrasa can be considered as the apex of Seljuk architectural small space design. Major features of the madarasa are the great dome and the inclusion of elaborate decoration schemes, essentially from mosaics of glazed…

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Ince Minare Madrasa

by The Editorial Team Published on: 11th March 2005

Ince Minare Madrasa is one of the most impressive structures introduced by the Seljuks to endorse the central plan scheme that was to dominate much of their late architecture and that of their Ottoman successors.

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Were the Berbers and Seljuks instrumental in decline of Muslim Civilisation?

by Salah Zaimeche Published on: 19th May 2004

It is actually a hostility to Berbers and Turks that explains their being blamed for the decadence of Islam. The Seljuk role, it could be said, was in actual fact instrumental in saving whole Islamic…

Madrassa Education during the Early Ottoman Period

by Ekmeleddin Ihsanoglu Published on: 21st April 2004

The madrasas of the early Ottoman period can be considered as institutions which continued the established educational tradition of the Seljuk Turks but also augmented by the contributions of the Ottomans.

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The Seljuk Mausoleum

by Rabah Saoud Published on: 15th April 2003

Under the Seljuk patronage the mausoleum saw considerable development. This type of building evolved from early funerary monuments which were first erected to honour the Umayyad rulers in the 8th century.

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The Seljuk Caravanserai (the Khan)

by Rabah Saoud Published on: 14th April 2003

The Seljuk's developed the caravanserais or khans (Anatolia) or Ribat. These were charitable foundations providing travellers with three days of free shelter, food and entertainment (in some cases) as part of the charitable work emphasised…

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The Seljuk Madrassa

by Rabah Saoud Published on: 14th April 2003

Seljuk's made developments in the form, function and character of the mosque and expanded the use of Madrassa which, according to Van Berchem, first appeared in Kurassan early 10th century as an adaptation of the…

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The Seljuk Minarets

by Rabah Saoud Published on: 14th April 2003

The Seljuk mosques took a form of minaret which was substantially different from that of North Africa. The adoption of the cylindrical form, instead of the usual square, with tapered shafts often broken by balconies…

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The Seljuk Kiosk Mosque and General Plan

by Rabah Saoud Published on: 14th April 2003

Another Seljuk innovation in the plan of the mosque appeared in what Andre Godard called the Mosque Kiosque. This usually small edifice is characterised by its unusual plan which consists of a domed hall, standing…

The Seljuk Iwan

The Seljuk Iwan

by Rabah Saoud Published on: 13th April 2003

According to Scerrato (1980) the Iwans plans of Seljuk Mosques were mainly developed for multi-functions including, prayer, teaching, lodging of teachers and students, libraries and charitable activities like stopping stations on the road of pilgrims.

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Architecture Under Seljuk Patronage (1038-1327)

by Rabah Saoud Published on: 13th April 2003

The Seljuks were the first Turkish dynasty to rule the Muslim World reviving the dying Caliphate. Their arrival marked the introduction of the four Iwan mosque concept, the Caravanserais (Khans) and baroque art that spread…