Tag: History

1001 Inventions – Home

by Salim Al-Hassani - 1001 Book Chief Editor Published on: 1st November 2021

The Home chapter includes some of the thousand-year-old inventions that still shape daily life. In addition to the three-course meal and using appropriate utensils for eating, other new ideas from Muslim civilization included new fashions,…

Science in the Service of Religion: The Case of Islam

by David A King Published on: 28th October 2021

In Islam, as in no other religion in human history, the performance of various aspects of religious ritual has been assisted by scientific procedures. The organization of the lunar calendar, the regulation of the astronomically…

The Story Begins – The Golden Age

by Salim Al-Hassani - 1001 Book Chief Editor Published on: 12th September 2021

This article is extracted from CHAPTER ONE of 1001 Inventions: The Enduring Legacy of Muslim Civilization. This book shows, the knowledge of the scholars of Muslim civilization was far from lost. Thousands of precious documents…


Science Institutionalization in Early Islam

by Moneef Rafe Zoubi Published on: 29th January 2020

“Bayt al-Hikma of Baghdad as a Model of an Academy of Sciences” from Dirasat, Human and Social Sciences, Volume 44, No. 3, 2017: This study aims to introduce academy-type institutions of the pre-Islamic era. To…


A Chronology – Turkey’s 700-year long venture in science and technology

by Feza Günergun Published on: 13th April 2017

A chronology on "Science from the East - Techniques from the West: Turkey's 700-year long venture" is compiled by Professor Dr. Feza Günergun, Department of the History of Science, Istanbul University. People sought knowledge for…


Ibn Wasil

by The Editorial Team Published on: 19th April 2013

Abu ‘Abd Allah Muhammad Ibn Wasil was an historian and man of letters, born in Hamat in Syria on 2 Shawwal 604/20 April 1208 and died in 697/1298. Visiting Iraq and Egypt, he witnessed the…


Abd al-Rahman ibn Khaldun

by The Editorial Team Published on: 7th March 2013

Abd al-Rahman ibn Khaldun is considered a forerunner of original theories in social sciences and philosophy of history, as well as the author of original views in economics, prefiguring modern contributions.


Trevor Hilder: A Story About Sustainable History

by Trevor Hilder Published on: 13th June 2011

After briefly describing his work background, Trevor Hilder tells the story of the young man who set out to seek his fortune.


Ottoman Cash Waqfs Revisited: The Case of Bursa (1555- 1823)

by Murat Cizakca Published on: 2nd May 2010

Cash endowments contributed to Ottoman society, without any cost to the State, by organizing and financing expenditures on education, health, welfare and a host of other activities. The aim of this article is to discover…


How Islamic Learning Transformed Western Civilization: Review of ‘The House of Wisdom’

by The Editorial Team Published on: 26th July 2009

In February 2009, Jonathan Lyons published 'The House of Wisdom', a riveting history which reveals the vital role the Islamic civilisation played in knowledge creation and how this treasure reached the West. In this fascinating…


Anaesthesia 1000 Years Ago (I)

by Rabie Abdel-Halim Published on: 5th June 2009

The following research article in a particular field of the history of medicine, written by two eminent experts, Drs Adnan A. Al-Mazrooa and Rabie E. Abdel-Halim, is composed of two parts. This first part surveys…


Anaesthesia 1000 Years Ago (II)

by Rabie Abdel-Halim Published on: 5th June 2009

The following research article in a particular field of the history of medicine, written by two eminent experts, Drs Adnan A. Al-Mazrooa and Rabie E. Abdel-Halim, is composed of two parts. This first part surveys…


Remembering the Language of History and Science: When the World Spoke Arabic

by The Editorial Team Published on: 1st January 2009

Two shows are expected to be broadcast on BBC Four in January 2009: An Islamic History of Europe by Rageh Omaar and Science and Islam by Jim Al-Khalili. As a gift for the Hijri 1430…


The Islamic Heritage in China: A General Survey

by Anthony Garnaut Published on: 4th September 2008

In this article, Anthony Garnaut, an expert of the Muslim Chinese culture, focuses on the Islamic heritage in China and its relevance to understanding both the evolution of Chinese history and culture, and to appreciating…


George Sarton and the History of Science

by Aydin Sayili Published on: 4th August 2008

George Sarton was a pioneer scholar who played a decisive role by his scholarship, methodology and academic career in establishing the history of science as a recognized subject in modern academia. His monumental major work…


A Wealth of Scholarship: Recent Publications in Islamic Art, Culture and History

by FSTC Published on: 31st October 2007

This is a general review of some 23 recent publications (books, films, and articles) on various aspects of Islamic culture, history and civilisation. The survey concentrates on titles related to three categories: art and architecture,…


The Legacy of Muslim Kung Fu Masters

by Mohammed Khamouch Published on: 9th April 2007

An important legacy of Islam in China is represented by Muslim Kung Fu, developed throughout history by Muslim Masters, who merged in their endeavour and training between physical and spiritual perfection. The following short survey…


Ear, Nose and Throat Medical Practice in Muslim Heritage

by Mostafa Shehata Published on: 23rd March 2007

Muslim medicine is characterised by a high level of experience and critical clinical observation setting aside mythologies and legends. The ear, nose and throat exemplify the participation of Muslim medicine and the contribution of the…


The Earliest Paediatric Surgical Atlas: Cerrahiye-i Ilhaniye

by S. N. Cenk Büyükünal Published on: 7th September 2005

The author of one of the earliest surgical books was Serafeddin Sabuncuoglu. In 1465, he wrote a surgical book in Turkish which contained not only pictures or miniatures of paediatric surgical procedures, but there were…


Educating Ottoman Physicians

by Nil Sari Published on: 2nd September 2005

Medical doctors in the time of the Ottomans had various routes into professional life depending on their specialty. Some were trained on the model of master and apprentice, others studied courses at madrasas and at…


Professor Sevim Tekeli – a short autobiography

by Sevim Tekeli Published on: 24th August 2005

Sevim Tekeli is Emeritus Professor, History of Science Department at Ankara University, a student of Professor Aydin Sayili. This article is based on her answers in a brief interview conducted recently by Dr Salim Ayduz.


Ibn Al-Nafis and Vinegar

by Mohamed Hussein Benamer Published on: 17th June 2005

A doctor does a short enquiry into an old treatment for ear infections and discovers its presence in a medical manuscript by Ibn al-Nafis.

Jerusalem: Thriving Trade, Scholars and Magnificant Architectural Works

by Salah Zaimeche Published on: 27th April 2005

Jerusalem prior to the crusades was a place filled with a thriving trade, scholars and magnificant architectural works. This is notably significant in any study of Muslims contribution to the advancement of Jerusalem.


Salerno and Constantine the African

by Mahbub Ghani Published on: 31st August 2004

Salerno came to prominence as the first faculty-University of the Christian West because of its importance as a center where Islamic science, particularly medicine, became known to Europe… this because of his translations... The principal…


Did Muslim Rulers play a part in the decline of Muslim Civilisation?

by Salah Zaimeche Published on: 19th May 2004

Muslims stand responsible for their own decadence. After the early conquests, Islamic rule became very corrupt, and this considerably weakened the caliphate. Islam produced great leaders but also some weak ones, which combined over time…


Eye Specialists in Islamic Cultures

by Ibrahim Shaikh Published on: 20th December 2001

"I invite you... to go back with me 1000 years to consider the fascinating history of the old Arabian ophthalmology which I have studied in the past five years." With these words Julius Hirschberg, addressing…