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Abu Ishaq Ibrahim Ibn Yahya Al-Zarqali

by FSTC Published on: 18th July 2007

Al-Zarqali is an eminent Andalusian astronomer of the 11th century who was the foremost astronomer of his time. He excelled in different domains of theoretical and practical astronomy and left works t...

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Muslim Contribution to Spanish Agriculture

by FSTC Limited Published on: 23rd February 2006

This article describes some of the numerous Muslim contributions to the development of Spanish agriculture, including the introduction of new crops, more intensive use of irrigation, soil management, ...

Imam Ali ibn Hazm

by Published on: 21st January 2005

An Andalusian scholar who studied as an independent scholar rejecting blind following of a particular school of jurisprudence. He was taught by several women and argued the some women had been prophet...

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The Great Mosque of Tlemcen

by FSTC Limited Published on: 8th December 2004

The Great Mosque of Tlemcen as a whole is an architectural masterpiece however, the techniques introduced in the construction of the mihrab dome are the most innovative. It is one of the oldest and be...

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Spain’s Islamic Legacy

by S. M. Ghazanfar Published on: 15th March 2004

Muslims ruled in Spain and Portugal over a period of 800 years. When the Christians finally forced out the Muslims and instituted the inquisition they encountered some of the great achievements of Isl...

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Andalusian Coins 711-1494CE

by Wijdan Ali Published on: 18th January 2004

Muslims minted their first gold coins when they entered Spain in 711CE. The new coins were modelled in size and design after the Arab-Byzantine but their inscriptions were in Latin. A large star in th...

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The Horseshoe and Transverse Arches

by FSTC Limited Published on: 17th January 2002

The first Muslim adaptation and modification of the design of the arch occurred in the invention of the horseshoe type. Further development came in the 8th century when Muslims used, for the first tim...

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Al-Qayrawan Mosque

by FSTC Limited Published on: 15th January 2002

The Qayrawan Mosque contributed a great deal to the development of architecture in the Muslim world. With its original design and harmony of various components it was a prototype model for the rest of...

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Architecture under Abbassid Patronage (750-892)

by Rabah Saoud Published on: 14th January 2002

The Abbassids became patrons of a number of gigantic construction projects extending from large mosques and complex palaces to large-scale urban design and city planning, and consequently played a fun...

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Al-Hambra Palace and the river of paradise

by Rabah Saoud Published on: 13th January 2002

The palace is an architectural masterpiece in every term. The composition of courts, gardens and water expressed the Muslim views of paradise and its eternality rewarding those who strive to reach it....