Tag: Damascus

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Al-Khalili and the Culmination of Spherical Astronomy in 14th-Century Damascus

by David A King Published on: 9th June 2016

Syria in the 14th century was the scene of the most sophisticated developments in astronomy anywhere in the world. Shams al-Din al-Khalili was a muwaqqit, or mosque astronomer, in Damascus in the middle of that…

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Four Medieval Hospitals in Syria

by Nasim Hasan Naqvi Published on: 23rd January 2012

The creation of hospitals as institutions for the care of sick people was developed during the early Islamic era. Over time, hospitals were found in all Islamic towns. This article describes four of these medieval…

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Contributions of Ibn al-Nafis to the Progress of Medicine and Urology

by Rabie Abdel-Halim Published on: 12th June 2011

This primary-source study of four medical works of the 13th century Muslim scholar Ibn al-Nafis confirmed that his Kitab al-Mûjaz fi al-Tibb was authored as an independent book. It was meant as a handbook for…

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From Frankfurt and Cairo to Damascus: Recent Models of the Umayyad Mosque Clock

by Abdel Aziz al-Jaraki Published on: 6th January 2011

From Frankfurt and Cairo to Damascus: Recent Models of the Umayyad Mosque Clock, The Umayyad Mosque Clock, Abdel Aziz al-Jaraki, Eilhard Wiedemann, Fritz Hauser, Fuat Sezgin, Donald Hill, Ridhwan al-Sa'ati, Banu Musa, Al-Jazari, Al-Khazini, history…

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Ridhwan al-Sa’ati: A Biographical Outline

by Moustafa Mawaldi Published on: 29th June 2008

Fakhr al-Dīn Ridhwān ibn Rustam al-Sā'ātī (d. between 618-626 H/1220-1229 CE) was a scholar and mechanical engineer, author of the book ‘Ilm al-sā'āt wa 'l-'amal bihā in which he described the famous public clock set…

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Ridhwan al-Sa’ati: A Biographical Outline

by Moustafa Mawaldi Published on: 29th June 2008

Fakhr al-Dīn Ridhwān ibn Rustam al-Sā'ātī (d. between 618-626 H/1220-1229 CE) was a scholar and mechanical engineer, author of the book ‘Ilm al-sā'āt wa 'l-'amal bihā in which he described the famous public clock set…

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When Ridhwan al-Sa’ati Anteceded Big Ben by More than Six Centuries

by Abdel Aziz al-Jaraki Published on: 11th April 2007

The following article by Abdel Aziz al-Jaraki, a scholar from Damascus, describes the context of the investigation carried on since several decades on a famous clock built by Fakhr al-Din Ridhwan al-Sa'ati at the beginning…

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Damascus

by Salah Zaimeche Published on: 12th April 2005

Hospitals, grand public buildings and numerous public endowment based charities characterised the generosity of Damascus. These institutions inspired the innovations and new learning which developed there.

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The Scholars of Damascus

by Salah Zaimeche Published on: 12th April 2005

Scholars of Damascus specialised in numerous fields including medicine, economics and astronomy. Their vast knowledge, discoveries and developments in their fields contributed to the advancement of Damascus.

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Imam Ahmad ibn Taimiyah

by Adil Salahi Published on: 27th January 2005

Ibn Taimiyah was a man to whom learning about Islam was in no way a mere academic exercise. It brought a thorough understanding of God's faith and a determined attempt to make it supreme in…

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Umayyad Mosques and Palaces

by Rabah Saoud Published on: 6th May 2004

The Umayyad architectural splendour is experienced in both religious and domestic buildings. At the core of their religious heritage we find the Dome of the Rock, the architectural jewel of Islam and Damascus Mosque, its…

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The Great Umayyad Mosque

by FSTC Published on: 9th March 2003

The Great Umayyad Mosque remains one of the great symbols of the glorious period of Muslim civilisation and its pride. It is a master piece of architectural ingenuity having a decisive influence on the maturity…

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The Al-Nuri Hospital

by FSTC Published on: 20th December 2002

ln 1154 Nur-al-Din Zangi built a hospital in Damascus. It was called al-Nuri, or al-Zangi.

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The Horseshoe and Transverse Arches

by FSTC Published on: 17th January 2002

The first Muslim adaptation and modification of the design of the arch occurred in the invention of the horseshoe type. Further development came in the 8th century when Muslims used, for the first time, the…

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Architecture under Umayyad Patronage (661-750)

by Rabah Saoud Published on: 15th January 2002

Under the Umayyads, Islam spread to various lands, generating considerable prosperity and wealth. In that period, the mosque developed its main structural and functional elements such as Minaret, Mihrab, Maksurah and dome.