Tag: Lutfallah-gari

Lutfallah Gari

by Lutfallah Gari Published on: 24th January 2020


The Invention of Spectacles between the East and the West

by Lutfallah Gari Published on: 12th November 2008

The following article by the expert scholar Lutfallah Gari surveys the historical sources to uncover the ancient history of the invention of spectacles. To the question "where and when were they invented?", and after a…


Abu ‘l-Barakat al-Baghdadi: Outline of a Non-Aristotelian Natural Philosophy

by Lutfallah Gari Published on: 24th June 2008

Abū 'l-Barakāt al-Baghdādā (flourished in the 11th-12th centuries in Baghdad) was a scholar of the Arabic-Islamic tradition. An original philosopher and respected medical authority, he is well known by his Al-Kitāb al-Mu'tabar, a philosophical essay…


Knowledge versus Natural Disasters from Arabic Sources

by Lutfallah Gari Published on: 26th May 2008

The aim of this paper is to investigate the various aspects of preparedness and response to natural disasters in the Arabic speaking lands during the 15th and 16th centuries, with comparison to earlier writings. Two…


Ecology in Muslim Heritage: Treatises on Environmental Pollution up to the End of 13th Cen.

by Lutfallah Gari Published on: 30th April 2008

Several Arabic treatises dating from the 9th through the 13th century deal with environmental pollution. They cover subjects like air and water contamination, solid waste mishandling and environmental assessments of certain localities. The authors of…


Ecology in Muslim Heritage: A History of the Hima Conservation System

by Lutfallah Gari Published on: 15th April 2008

A hima is a reserved pasture, where trees and grazing lands are protected from indiscriminate harvest on a temporary or permanent basis. It existed in the Middle East before Islam; but it was treated as…