Tag: Umayyads

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Flowing Through History: Water Management in Muslim Civilization

by Marwan Haddad Published on: 12th March 2024

This paper delves into the rich tapestry of Muslim heritage and civilization, exploring the multifaceted contributions related to water management that have shaped cultures, sciences, arts, and societies across time and geography. This study aims…

Peregrination and Ceremonial in the Almohad Mosque of Tinmal

by Susana Calvo Capilla Published on: 1st August 2020

The Tinmal mosque was built by the first Almohad caliph, ʿAbd al-Muʾmin, around 1148 next to the tomb of the mahdī Ibn Tūmart, the founder of the Almohad creed (d. 1130). The official pilgrimages (ziyāra)…

The Emergence of Sophisticated Mosque Architecture in Early Islam

by Omer Spahic Published on: 12th July 2020

This paper discusses the evolution of the identity of Muslim architecture and the emergence of the first Muslim architectural deviations. In particular, it focuses on the role of the 8th Umayyad Caliph, ‘Umar b. ‘Abd…


Madinat al-Zahra and the Spaces of Knowledge

by Susana Calvo Capilla Published on: 20th February 2020

The Revival of Classical Antiquity in Cordoba in the 10th century:


From Frankfurt and Cairo to Damascus: Recent Models of the Umayyad Mosque Clock

by Abdel Aziz al-Jaraki Published on: 6th January 2011

From Frankfurt and Cairo to Damascus: Recent Models of the Umayyad Mosque Clock, The Umayyad Mosque Clock, Abdel Aziz al-Jaraki, Eilhard Wiedemann, Fritz Hauser, Fuat Sezgin, Donald Hill, Ridhwan al-Sa'ati, Banu Musa, Al-Jazari, Al-Khazini, history…


Mshatta Palace, Jordan; 743-744 CE

by FSTC Published on: 20th April 2005

Msatta is a renowned Ummayad palace with spectacular architectural and artistic details that continues to attract many. The decorative aspects of the Palace are of immense detail and splendour and thus has become an important…



by The Editorial Team Published on: 22nd February 2005

Harran is a very old town situated in the Jazira province of modern Turkey near the sources of the Balkh River. Badly effected by the Crusades, it nevertheless had its production of scientists that are…


Ukhaidir Palace (720-800 CE)

by The Editorial Team Published on: 27th January 2005

About 100 miles south-west of Baghdad is Ukhaidar palace, one of the most preserved palaces of the Muslim world. It is unique in its architectural wealth and incorporated some of the key innovations that greatly…


Khirbat Al-Mafjar, Palace (740 -750)

by FSTC Published on: 12th September 2004

Khirbat Palace remains a unique example of Umayyad luxury and their developed taste for art. The palace gained particular reputation due to the well-preserved floor mosaics.


Umayyad Mosques and Palaces

by Rabah Saoud Published on: 6th May 2004

The Umayyad architectural splendour is experienced in both religious and domestic buildings. At the core of their religious heritage we find the Dome of the Rock, the architectural jewel of Islam and Damascus Mosque, its…


Abbasid Coins (750-1258CE)

by Wijdan Ali Published on: 18th January 2004

The Abbasid Dynasty experimented with different kinds of coins. They improved the appearance of coins using a more elegant form of Kufic script and the legends and the size of the legends on the dinars…


Umayyad Coins (661-750CE)

by Wijdan Ali Published on: 18th January 2004

As part of a policy to unify the various regions under Islamic rule, Caliph Abd al-Malik ibn Marwan introduced the first Umayyad gold coins in 691CE. Within a short period of time, Islamic Coins replaced…


The Seljuk Mausoleum

by Rabah Saoud Published on: 15th April 2003

Under the Seljuk patronage the mausoleum saw considerable development. This type of building evolved from early funerary monuments which were first erected to honour the Umayyad rulers in the 8th century.


The Great Umayyad Mosque

by FSTC Published on: 9th March 2003

The Great Umayyad Mosque remains one of the great symbols of the glorious period of Muslim civilisation and its pride. It is a master piece of architectural ingenuity having a decisive influence on the maturity…


Abbasid Gardens in Baghdad and Samarra

by Qasim Al-Samarrai Published on: 11th July 2002

The love of gardens during the Abbâsid period, whether in Baghdad or in Samarra, was born within the already existing cultural tradition of Mesopotamia, where the art of gardening had been perfected many centuries before.


Terminological issues of Islamic Architecture

by FSTC Published on: 17th January 2002

Terminological issues are connected with the use of "Muslim" and "Islamic" architecture. The two words are theoretically interconnected but conceptually different. Muslim is a general word referring to religious and geographical setting of Islam.


Architecture under Umayyad Patronage (661-750)

by Rabah Saoud Published on: 15th January 2002

Under the Umayyads, Islam spread to various lands, generating considerable prosperity and wealth. In that period, the mosque developed its main structural and functional elements such as Minaret, Mihrab, Maksurah and dome.