Baybars, al-Malik al-Zahir Rukn al-Din Baybars al-Bunduqdari (1223-1277); Solhat, Turkey;
Mamluk sultan who rose to power from being a slave, ruled Egypt and Syria (1260-1277); defeated the Mongols recurrently after Battle of Ayn Jalut (1260); built many madrasas and other edifices.
Ltd, FSTC. 1001 Inventions: The Enduring Legacy of Muslim Civilization: Reference (4th) Edition Annotated, Text only. . FSTC. Kindle Edition.