Al-Jazari

Born on 1136

Died on 1206

Badīʿ az-Zaman Abu l-ʿIzz Ismāʿīl ibn ar-Razāz al-Jazarī;

(1136–1206, Arabic: بديع الزمان أَبُو اَلْعِزِ إسْماعِيلِ إبْنُ الرِّزاز الجزري‎, IPA: [ældʒæzæriː]) was an Arab Muslim polymath: a scholar, inventor, mechanical engineer, artisan, artist and mathematician. He is best known for writing The Book of Knowledge of Ingenious Mechanical Devices (Arabic: كتاب في معرفة الحيل الهندسية‎, romanized: Kitab fi ma’rifat al-hiyal al-handasiyalit. ‘Book in knowledge of engineering tricks’) in 1206, where he described 100 mechanical devices, some 80 of which are trick vessels of various kinds, along with instructions on how to construct them.

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