Al-Khalil ibn Ahmad

Born on 718

Died on 791

Al Khalil Ibn Ahmed (b.Baghdad 718 CE), a philologist, categorised the metres of classical Arabic poetry into sixteen distinct types (Taf‘ila) of eight-word units. A systemof scanning was used, where “1” indicates a sound and “0“ indicates silence (i.e. no vowel). The verbalmetre is a coded order repeated only in one or two units on the principle of circles called ‘arud.
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