’Abd al-Rahman III

Born on 891

Died on 961

Abd al-Raḥmān III;

he was ′Abd al-Rahmān ibn Muḥammad ibn ′Abd Allāh ibn Muḥammad ibn ′Abd al-Raḥmān ibn al-Ḥakam al-Rabdī ibn Hishām ibn ′Abd al-Raḥmān al-Dākhil; (عبدالرحمن بن محمد بن عبداللہ بن محمد بن عبدالرحمن بن حکم بن ہشام بن عبد الرحمن الداخل); (889/91 – 961). ′Abd al-Raḥmān won the laqab (sobriquet) al-Nasir li-Dīn Allāh – Defender of God’s Faith – in his early 20s when, as Emir of Córdoba, he supported the Maghrawa in North Africa against Fatimid expansion and rose to the Umayyad Caliphate of Córdoba. His half a century reign (912–961) of al-Andalus – Muslim Iberian Spain – was known for its religious tolerance.

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