Mohammed Abattouy


The Mechanical Corpus of Al-Isfizārī in the Sciences of Weights and Ingenious Devices: New Arabic Texts in Theoretical and Practical Mechanics

by Mohammed Abattouy Published on: 17th November 2015

Editorial note: This article needs to be read in conjunction with the book release review of the Arabic edition, see:

Ibn Rushd (Averroes)

by Mohammed Abattouy Published on: 15th September 2012

Ibn Rushd (Averroes) is considered as the most important of the Islamic philosophers. He set out to integrate Aristotelian philosophy with Islamic thought. A common theme throughout his writings is that there is no incompatibility…

A New Arabic Text of Mechanics: Sinan ibn Thabit on the Theory of Simple Machines

by Mohammed Abattouy Published on: 7th February 2012

The Arabic manuscript Orient fol. 3306 preserved at the Staatsbibliothek in Berlin was in its original form a precious collection of Arabic scientific texts of mechanics and optics. It contains a fragment in one folio…

Muhammad Al-Karaji: A Mathematician Engineer from the Early 11th Century

by Mohammed Abattouy Published on: 4th June 2009

Abu Bakr Muhammed Al-Karaji is a Muslim mathematician and engineer from the late 10th century-early 11th century. Of Persian origin, he spent an important part of his scientific life in Baghdad where he composed ground…

Ahmad Salim Sa‘idan: A Palestinian Historian of Arabic Mathematics

by Mohammed Abattouy Published on: 23rd January 2009

Since the middle of the 20th century, the history of Arabic mathematics evolved as a sub-field of history of science and became an area of a special expertise in which intermingled the skills of confirmed…

In Memory of Aydin Sayili

by Mohammed Abattouy Published on: 16th January 2009

Aydin Sayilli (1913-1993) was an eminent historian of science whose pioneering work during a 50-year career uncovered many hidden treasures in the history of mathematics, astronomy and medicine, especially in the Islamic tradition. In this…

The Book of Curiosities or A Medieval Islamic View of the Cosmos

by Mohammed Abattouy Published on: 28th October 2008

The Bodleian Library at the University of Oxford has purchased the medieval Arabic manuscript Kitab Gharaib al-funun wa-mulah al-uyun popularised under the title the Book of Curiosities, an exceptionally rich text on cosmography. The treatise…

The Advent of Scientific Chemistry

by Mohammed Abattouy Published on: 22nd October 2008

Until recently, the mainstream history of scientific ideas has failed to acknowledge numerous Islamic scientists and their great efforts and achievements throughout the centuries. This short article seeks to contribute in redressing this injustice by…

Muslim Heritage in Mechanics and Technology: Outline of a Program for Future Research

by Mohammed Abattouy Published on: 20th August 2008

The following text is the revised and expanded version of a lecture presented at The Royal Society in London (1st March 2007) during a meeting of the Muslim Heritage Awareness Group (MHAG) in which Mohammed…

Abu ‘l-Barakat al-Baghdadi: Outline of a Non-Aristotelian Natural Philosophy

by Mohammed Abattouy Published on: 24th June 2008

Abū 'l-Barakāt al-Baghdādā (flourished in the 11th-12th centuries in Baghdad) was a scholar of the Arabic-Islamic tradition. An original philosopher and respected medical authority, he is well known by his Al-Kitāb al-Mu'tabar, a philosophical essay…

The Arabic Partial Version of Pseudo-Aristotle’s Mechanical Problems

by Mohammed Abattouy Published on: 5th June 2007

Based on manuscript evidence, the article presents a study of the historical and textual traditions of a fragment of Arabic mechanics which is also edited in Arabic and translated into English. This fragment, entitled Nutaf…

The Balance: The Core Mental Model of the Islamic Science of Weights

by Mohammed Abattouy Published on: 17th November 2006

This article includes the recent work by Professor Abattouy and his co-workers. The work has revealed the enormous wealth of Islamic literature on the science of weights. Their findings established that there is much larger…