Abstract - The Transfer of Science between India, Europe and China via Muslim Heritage
Prof. Charles Burnett
The Islamic realms served as a crucible for scientific learning from the ancient Greek world in the West and from China, India and Iran in the East. Western Europe in turn benefited from the transmission of Arabic science into Latin, just as Chinese culture was indebted to Arabic texts travelling eastwards. The network of transmission can be shown most clearly in the case of astronomy, in which specific parameters for the movements of the planets can be recognized in different contexts. But other examples can be taken from medicine, arithmetic and natural science. Aside from texts, there are artefacts and materials: astrolabes, quadrants and other instruments in astronomy; simple and compound medicines, and machines of various kinds. These often followed the trade routes across Europe and Asia and freely crossed ethnic and religious borders.
by: Prof. Charles Burnett, Sat 19 June, 2010