Figure 1: A sphere circumscribed in a cylinder: the sphere has two thirds of the volume and surface area of the circumscribing cylinder.

The Volume of the Sphere in Arabic Mathematics: Historical and Analytical Survey

LEARN MORE
The following article focuses on the cubic measure of the...

Figure 1: Front cover of Handsat Ūqlīdis fī aydin ‘arabiya (Euclid's geometry in Arabian hands) by Ahmad Salīm Sa‘īdān (Amman, 1991).

Ahmad Salim Sa‘idan: A Palestinian Historian of Arabic Mathematics

LEARN MORE
Since the middle of the 20th century, the history of Arabic...

Figure 1: Vidinli Tawfik Pasha. Source: IMAGE The Bulletin of the International Linear Algebra Society, 15 (Summer 1995), p. 24.

Vidinli Huseyin Tawfik: A Modern Turkish Specialist of Linear Algebra

LEARN MORE
This article is a biography essay on the life and works of...

Figure 1. Archway from the Darb-i Imam shrine in Isfahan, Iran, which was built in 1453 C.E. The larger pentagons outlined in pale blue were constructed using a large-scale girih tile pattern, and the small white pentagons were constructed using a small-scale girih tile pattern (Image courtesy of K. Dudley and M. Elliff).

A Discovery in Architecture: 15th Century Islamic Architecture Presages 20th Century Mathematics

LEARN MORE
This article relates the discovery by two American scholars...

Figure 2: Miniature illustrations of Sawr (Taurus) and Jawzâ (Gemini). Mirzazâde Salim Efendi. Ikd al-Jumân fî târih ahl al-zaman. Istanbul University Library, T 5393.

Sine, Cosine and the Measurement of the Earth

LEARN MORE
Mathematics has long been an area of expertise amongst...

Figure 1. An artist's impression of Al-Biruni (Image from www.muslimheritage.com).

Mathematics in Muslim Heritage

LEARN MORE
Early mathematics was revolutionised by Muslim scholars...

Figure 1: The paper fortresses of Matrakçi depicted in his book Tuhfat al-Ghuzat (Süleymaniye Library, Esad Efendi, MS 2206).

Nasuh Al-Matrakî, A Noteworthy Ottoman Artist-Mathematician of the Sixteenth Century

LEARN MORE
Matrakci Nasuh was a famous Ottoman polymath, writer and...

The Science of Restoring and Balancing – The Science of Algebra

LEARN MORE
Muslim contributions in the field of mathematics have been...

Figure 1: Kórnik Castle – frontal elevation. This photo, as well as all the other photos, is taken by the author (Source: Malgorzata de Latour-Abdalla).

Islamic Art in Poland: The Kornik Castle

LEARN MORE
The article is about the famous Kornik Castle near Poznan,...

Figure 1: The trigonometric functions of an angle q can be constructed geometrically in terms of a unit circle centered at O.

Taqi al Din Ibn Ma’ruf 's Work on Extracting the Cord 2[sup]o[/sup] and Sin 1[sup]o[/sup]

LEARN MORE
This article by Professor Sevim Tekeli, a leading historian...

Leonard of Pisa (Fibonacci) and Arabic Arithmetic

LEARN MORE
Professor Charles Burnett shows that Fibonacci failed to...

Hail the Queen of Mathematics!

LEARN MORE
In today's world what Friedrich Gauss called the queen of...