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The European Jerusalem: Sarajevo, where Muslim heritage flourished in Central Europe
During Ottoman rule, Sarajevo was heralded as the “European Jerusalem”, as its invaluable contributions to civil engineering, industry, trade and architecture attracted people from various ethnic and...
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Cairo: A Millennial
In this article, published originally in Saudi Aramco World in 1969, focus is laid on the history of Cairo, the capital city of Egypt, founded in 969 by General Gawhar, in the name of the Fatimid...
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Gaza at the Crossroad of Civilisations: Two Contemporary Views
Gaza, this tormented part of Palestine, land of suffering and resistance, is also a land of long history. This article presents two recent attempts to recover the ancient and medieval history of Gaza...
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The Islamic Heritage in China: A General Survey
In this article, Anthony Garnaut, an expert of the Muslim Chinese culture, focuses on the Islamic heritage in China and its relevance to understanding both the evolution of Chinese history and...
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The Great Book Collectors
The Muslims were great book collectors, and in all the larger towns there was a flourishing book trade. From...
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Terminological issues of Islamic Architecture
Terminological issues are connected with the use of "Muslim" and "Islamic" architecture. The two words are...
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Figure 1. Horseshoe arches, Ummayad Mosque in Damascus.
The Horseshoe and Transverse Arches
The first Muslim adaptation and modification of the design of the arch occurred in the invention of the...
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Architecture of Muslim Spain and North Africa
First in a series of articles on the Architecture of Muslim Spain and North Africa (756-1500AD). A brief...
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Piri Reis maps America
In 1513 Piri Reis presented his famous map of the New World to the Sultan, giving the Ottomans, well before...
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