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Newsletter 11: January Issue 2015
In the first days of the New Year, FSTC team is pleased to present to our wide community Issue 10 of this periodic publication. We list in this new release detailed coverage on FSTC recent activities...
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Newsletter 10: January Issue 2013
In the first days of the New Year, FSTC team is pleased to present to our wide community Issue 10 of this periodic publication. We list in this new release detailed coverage on FSTC recent activities...
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Newsletter 9: August Issue 2012
In the period from the last Newsletter 8, FSTC achieved new breakthroughs. New partnerships were announced...
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Newsletter 8: September Issue 2011
Over the past few months Hillary Clinton launched the 1001 Inventions exhibition in California, Jim Al-...
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Newsletter Issue 7
Find out how you could WIN a TRIP to CALIFORNIA Science Center to visit the exhibition, read about CE4CE’s...
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Newsletter Issue 6
To welcome in 2011, the Foundation for Science, Technology and Civilisation (FSTC) has chosen to give its...
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Newsletter Issue 5
A Quarterly Publication issued by the Foundation for Science, Technology and Civilisation (FSTC), Manchester...
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Newsletter Issue 4
A Quarterly Publication issued by the Foundation for Science, Technology and Civilisation (FSTC), Manchester...
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, , , <a href="http://www.muslimheritage.com/node/1792" style="font-size: 11px; line-height: 1.6em;">Muslim Heritage</a></strong><span style="font-size:11px">:&nbsp;The University of Sankore<br /> 			Image:&nbsp;</span><span style="font-size:11px">Sankore Mosque that houses the University Campus in Mali.&nbsp;</span>, <a href="http://www.muslimheritage.com/node/1519">Muslim Heritage</a></strong>:&nbsp;Lecture on Timbuktu Manuscripts at Al-Furqan Foundation, <a href="http://www.muslimheritage.com/node/2335">Muslim Heritage</a></strong>:&nbsp;Black History Month: African contributions to Muslim Civilisation, <a href="http://www.theguardian.com/world/gallery/2013/jan/28/ahmed-baba-library-torched-islamist-pictures">theguardian.com</a>:&nbsp;</strong></span><span style="font-size:11px">"A worker stands over examples of ancient</span><span style="font-size:11px"> Islamic manuscripts at <strong>Ahmed Baba Library</strong> in Timbuktu, Mali -&nbsp;Ben Curtis/AP", <a href="https://www.google.com/maps/search/ahmed+baba,+Timbuktu,+Mali/@16.7713835,-3.0079794,15z/data=!3m1!4b1" target="_blank">Google Maps</a>:&nbsp;</strong></span><span style="font-size:11px">Ahmad Baba House and Centre de Recherches Historiques Ahmed Baba, <a href="http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-africa-21248951" target="_blank">BBC.co.uk</a>:&nbsp;</strong>"The most important collection belonged to the Ahmed Baba Institute of Higher Learning and Islamic Research which moved to this new building in 2009...", The knowledge city of Timbuktu is now located in Mali, <a href="http://www.onislam.net/english/onislam-africa/english/471933-ahmad-babaa-great-scholar-of-timbuktu-.html" target="_blank">onislam.net</a></strong>: "There is limited information about Ahmad Baba in libraries partially due to the fact that his recordings were lost along the way after his death.", <a href="https://everythingspossible.wordpress.com/2008/07/13/timbuktu-islam-and-knowledge/" target="_blank">everythingspossible.files.wordpress.com</a></strong>: "Ahmad Baba al-Massufi,&nbsp;Ahmed Baba Es Sudane, or&nbsp;Ahmed Baba, the black&nbsp;(1556–1627), was a medieval West African writer...", <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ahmed_Baba_Institute" target="_blank">wikipedia.org</a></strong>: "The&nbsp;Ahmed Baba Institute, officially the&nbsp;Ahmed Baba Institute of Higher Learning and Islamic Research...", <a href="http://willdoherty.org/wordpress/?p=3609" target="_blank">willdoherty.org</a>:</strong> "A Day in Timbuktu: Ahmed Baba Institute and Another Manuscript Library", <a href="http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-africa-18674596" target="_blank">BBC.co.uk</a>:</strong> "The main collection in the city - with more than 40,000 items, some of them dating from as early as the 10th Century - is held at the Ahmed Baba Institute of High Studies and Islamic Research", <a href="http://web.archive.org/web/20110613082740/http://a-w.co.za/ahmed-baba-centre-timbuktu-mali/" target="_blank">a-w.co.za</a></strong>: "Ahmed Baba Centre, Timbuktu, Mali", <a href="http://www.nytimes.com/2013/02/04/world/africa/saving-timbuktus-priceless-artifacts-from-militants-clutches.html?_r=0" target="_blank">nytimes.com</a>:&nbsp;</strong>"Abdoulaye Cissé of the Ahmed Baba Institute with a manuscript...", <a href="https://ismailimail.wordpress.com/2014/12/24/akaa-and-malis-ministry-of-culture-collaborate-to-present-timbuktu-renaissance-timbuktu-manuscripts-go-on-show-at-the-centre-for-fine-arts-in-brussels-bozar/his-highness-the-aga-khan-centre-and-prime-minister-ahmed-mohamed-ag-hamani-right-examining-ancient-manuscripts-at-the-ahmed-baba-centre-in-timbuktu-mali-photo-akdngary-otte/" target="_blank">ismailimail.wordpress.com:</a></strong>&nbsp;His Highness the Aga Khan (centre) and Prime Minister Ahmed Moha, <a href="http://www.africultures.com/php/?nav=article&amp;no=4309#sthash.tS0DoJ0v.dpuf" target="_blank">africultures.com:</a></strong>&nbsp;"Manuscrits conservés dans le centre Ahmed Baba. © Christelle Marot", <a href="http://webcache.googleusercontent.com/search?q=cache:civKI0zJs00J:www.tombouctoumanuscripts.org/fr/libraries/ahmed_baba_institute_of_higher_learning_and_islamic_research_iheri-ab/+&amp;cd=1&amp;hl=en&amp;ct=clnk&amp;gl=us" target="_blank">tombouctoumanuscripts.org:</a></strong>&nbsp;"Institut des hautes études et de recherche islamique Ahmed Baba de Tombouctou : En Attendant Le Retour Au Bercail", <a href="http://www.larepubliquedespyrenees.fr/2015/02/25/les-manuscrits-de-tombouctou-un-tresor-qui-tarde-a-retrouver-son-ecrin,1235499.php" target="_blank">larepubliquedespyrenees.fr:</a></strong>&nbsp;"Des pages des manuscrits de Tombouctou sont numérisées le 28 janvier 2015 à l'Institut Ahmed Baba de Bamako (AFP - Sebastien Rieussec)", <a href="https://buryingbooks.wordpress.com/2013/01/29/mali-book-burying-in-the-news/" target="_blank">buryingbooks.wordpress.com</a>:</strong>&nbsp;"The&nbsp;Ahmed Baba Institute&nbsp;of Higher Islamic Studies and Research in Timbuktu holds tens of thousands of historic manuscripts dating back to the late 13th Century, from the period when Timbuktu was a&nbsp;major trading settlement and centre of scholarship.", <a href="http://www.theguardian.com/cities/2015/mar/27/timbuktu-djinguereber-mosque-history-cities-buildings" target="_blank">theguardian.com/cities</a>:</strong>&nbsp;Timbuktu's Djinguereber mosque: a history of cities in 50 buildings, day 5, <a href="https://www.facebook.com/MuslimHeritage/photos/a.376947719066575.89130.240353769392638/805421452885864/" target="_blank">Muslim Heritage Facebook:</a></strong> Great Mosque of Djenné dates back to 13th century, <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timbuktu_Manuscripts">wikipedia.org</a>:</strong> Timbuktu Manuscripts&nbsp;or (Tombouctou Manuscripts) is a blanket term for the large number of historically important manuscripts that have been preserved for centuries in private households inTimbuktu,&nbsp;Mali., <a href="https://www.facebook.com/MuslimHeritage/photos/pb.240353769392638.-2207520000.1432223023./874166339344708/?" target="_blank">Muslim Heritage Facebook:</a></strong>&nbsp;Al-Wangari&nbsp;library in&nbsp;Timbuktu,&nbsp;Mali,&nbsp;Africa, <a href="https://www.facebook.com/MuslimHeritage/photos/pb.240353769392638.-2207520000.1432223023./872480729513269" target="_blank">Muslim Heritage Facebook:</a></strong>&nbsp;This painting is by Oxford artist Christine Chambers, it depicts a&nbsp;Hausa&nbsp;man, refer to&nbsp;al-Kishnawi&nbsp;from&nbsp;Katsina
An imaginary drawing of Ibn Sina<br /> 			&nbsp;(<a href="http://scielo.isciii.es/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&amp;pid=S1130-14732008000300008" target="_blank"><strong>Source</strong></a>:&nbsp;Krueger,&nbsp;H.C.: Avicenna's poem on medicine. Springfield, Illinois; Charles C Thomas, 1963; p 52a), Illuminated opening of the first book of the&nbsp;<em>Kitab al-Qanun fi al-tibb (The Canon on Medicine)</em>&nbsp;by Ibn Sina. Undated, probably Iran, beginning of 15th&nbsp;century. (<a href="http://www.nlm.nih.gov/hmd/arabic/E8.html">Source</a>), First page of the Latin translation of the&nbsp;<em>Canon: Liber Canonis, de Medicinis Cordialibus et Cantica, iam olim quidem a Gerardo Carmonensi ex arabico in latinum conversa</em>&nbsp;(<a href="http://www.ibiblio.org/expo/vatican.exhibit/exhibit/f-medicine_bio/Medicine_2.html">Source</a>), Ibn Sina drawing by A. Suheyl Unver. (<a href="http://muslimphilosophy.com/sina/gal/IS-gal-01.htm">Source</a>)., Commemorative medal issued by the UNESCO in 1980 to mark the 1000th birth anniversary of Ibn Sina. The obverse depicts a scene showing Avicenna surrounded by his disciples, inspired by a miniature in a 17th-century Turkish manuscript; whilst on the reverse is a phrase by Avicenna in Arabic and Latin: "Cooperate for the well-being of the body and the survival of the human species" (<a href="http://portal.unesco.org/en/ev.php-URL_ID=26452&amp;URL_DO=DO_PRINTPAGE&amp;URL_SECTION=201.html">Source</a>)., The title page of a Latin Edition of Ibn Sina’s&nbsp; “Canon of Medicine” together with two of his other works;&nbsp;<em>Cardiac Medicines</em>&nbsp;and the Medical Poem (the&nbsp;<em>Cantica Avicennae</em>) published in 1562. The page on the right is page 1082; the beginning of the&nbsp;<em>Cantica</em>&nbsp;section. Courtesy of Google ebooks., Figure 4</strong>: An illustrated page of the<em>Canon</em>&nbsp;in a Hebrew translation. The miniatures shown here are the three basic stages of a physician's visit with a patient: the examination of the patient, the consultation with attendants, and possibly a written prescription or treatment procedure. (<a href="http://www.uab.edu/reynolds/MajMedFigs/Avicenna.htm">Source</a>)., Page from an illuminated manuscript of the Latin translation of the&nbsp;<em>Canon of Medicine</em>&nbsp;by Ibn Sina (<a href="http://www.muslimphilosophy.com/sina/gal/IS-gal-27.htm">Source</a>)., The drawing of Ibn Sina on a Libyan stamp., The drawing of Ibn Sina on a Polish stamp., Dar al-Shifa (Hospital) and patients inside, Inside image of the Canon of Medicine book&nbsp;(<a href="http://www.southwestern.edu/infoservices/departments/specialcollections/exhibits/avicenna/" target="_blank">Image Source)</a>, Frontispiece of the Latin Version of the Canon of Medicine,&nbsp;printed in Venice in 1595 (from, Il Canon medicinae di Avicenna nella tradizione ebraica:&nbsp;Le miniature del manoscritto 2197 della&nbsp;Biblioteca Universitaria di Bologna.&nbsp;A cura di Giuliano Tamani. Padova; Editoriale Programma, 1988; p 21. [italian])., Persian version of&nbsp;The Canon of Medicine&nbsp;located at tomb of Avicenna in&nbsp;Hamedan (<a href="https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:The_Canon_of_Medicine.jpg">Source</a>), Avicenna,&nbsp;Liber canonis medicine. These woodcut illustrations show authors of classical medical and scientific texts in two vertical columns. In scenes below, physicans appear to be helping patients and instructing others in how to plant and gather herbs. (<a href="http://exhibits.hsl.virginia.edu/treasures/avicenna-980-1037/">Source</a>), Folios from Ibn Sina's celebrated work AI-Qanun fit-tibb, known as The Canon of&nbsp;Medicine in Europe. It was translated into Latin in the 13th century and served as the&nbsp;Principal textbook for medical students at several European universities until the 18th&nbsp;century (<a href="http://www.iosminaret.org/vol-6/issue16/legacy_of_islam.php">Source</a>), Qanun [Fi’l-Tibb] (Canon [of Medicine]), Volume 5 (<a href="https://www.agakhanmuseum.org/collection/artifact/qanun-fi%E2%80%99l-tibb-canon-medicine-volume-5" target="_blank">Source</a>), Avicenna: reduction techniques for spinal deformities, 1556 edition, “The Canon of Medicine”<br /> Illustration&nbsp;from the 1556 edition of Iranian physician Avicenna’s&nbsp;The Canon of Medicine, a translation by medieval scholar Gerard of Cremona. Avicenna treated spinal deformities using the reduction techniques introduced by Greek physician Hippocrates.&nbsp;(<a href="http://www.britannica.com/biography/Avicenna">Source</a>), , Galen, Ibn Sina, and Hippocrates, the three authorities on medical theory and practice in a woodcut from an early 15th-century Latin medical book. (<a href="http://www.saudiaramcoworld.com/issue/200703/rediscovering.arabic.science.htm">Source</a>).
The painting Lady Mary Wortley Montagu with her son, Edward Wortley Montagu, and attendants attributed to Jean Baptiste Vanmour (oil on canvas, circa 1717). © National Portrait Gallery, London: NPG 3924.
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The Latin translation of al-Hawi: Albubecar Muhamed Rhazes, Continens Rasis… (Venise: Ottaviano Scoto, 1529). Online publication on the website of the Bibliothèque Interuniversitaire de médecine in Paris. (Source)
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Front cover of Channing's modern edition of Al-Razi's treatise in Arabic and Latin Maqāla fī al-jadarī wa al-hasbah (Liber de variolis et morbilis): an eighteenth century Arabic manuscript of Rhazes' treatise on smallpox and measles, with a Latin translation by Salomon Negri, a Melkite priest from Damascus (London, 1766). Glasgow University Library, Special Collections Department, MS Hunter 133. (Source).
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Detail from the Latin version of Haly Abbas's Liber Totius Medicine Necessaria (1523). (Source).
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Title page of the Colliget of Ibn Rushd and the Thezier AbynZoar, from the manuscript BH MED 23 (Biblioteca Histórica de la Universidad Complutense de Madrid).
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A parade of syrup makers. (Surnâme-i Hümayun, year 1582). Topkapi Palace Museum Library, MS H1344.). Source: Turkish Medical History through Miniature Pictures Exhibition, published by Nil Sari-Ülker Erke, Istanbul: ISHIM, 2002.
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The physician Razi (circa 865-925 C.E.) at the bedside of a young patient afflicted with measles.
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An illustration of a medical practitioner and a patient. (Source: Millet Kutuphanesi, Ali Emiri, nr. 79.).
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The first and last pages of an original manuscript of Ibn Sina’s Medical Poem (Reference No.1)

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