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Four Medieval Hospitals in Syria
The creation of hospitals as institutions for the care of sick people was developed during the early Islamic era. Over time, hospitals were found in all Islamic towns. This article describes four of...
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Caesarean Section in Early Islamic Literature
Some medical historians of the last century mistakenly recorded that Caesarean section was strictly forbidden amongst Muslims. This opinion has been repeatedly quoted without examining its...
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Contributions of Ibn al-Nafis to the Progress of Medicine and Urology
This primary-source study of four medical works of the 13th century Muslim scholar Ibn al-Nafis confirmed that his Kitab al-Mûjaz fi al-Tibb was authored as an independent book. It was meant as a...
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Insights into Neurologic Localization by Al-Razi (Rhazes), a Medieval Islamic Physician
Al-Razi (Rhazes) (born in 864 CE) wrote over 200 scientific treatises, many of which had a major impact on European medicine. His best known manuscript is Liber Continens, a medical encyclopedia in...
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Evolution of Attitudes Towards Human Experimentation in Ottoman Turkish Medicine
Attitudes and expectations towards medical knowledge and medical practice standards influence and determine the position of health practitioners and the development of medicine. While describing the...
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Lady Montagu and the Introduction of Smallpox Inoculation to England
The English aristocrat and writer Lady Mary Wortley Montagu (1689-1762) is today remembered particularly for her letters from Turkey, an early example of a secular work by a Western woman about the...
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Figure 1: Façade of the History of Medicine Museum.
The Medical History Museum of Istanbul University: Project, Challenges and Academic Questions
This article is about the foundation of the Medical History Museum founded recently in Istanbul as part of...
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Figure 1: The authors of the article: Aliya Khan (left), Ingrid Hehmeyer (right).
Islam’s Forgotten Contributions to Medical Science
The transmission of medical knowledge can be traced to some of the earliest writings in human history. Yet a...
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