# Mathematics

Mathematics topics

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Figure 1: A sphere circumscribed in a cylinder: the sphere has two thirds of the volume and surface area of the circumscribing cylinder.

The Volume of the Sphere in Arabic Mathematics: Historical and Analytical Survey

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The following article focuses on the cubic measure of the volume of the sphere in Arabic mathematics. After a...

Figure 1: Front cover of Handsat Ūqlīdis fī aydin ‘arabiya (Euclid's geometry in Arabian hands) by Ahmad Salīm Sa‘īdān (Amman, 1991).

Ahmad Salim Sa‘idan: A Palestinian Historian of Arabic Mathematics

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Since the middle of the 20th century, the history of Arabic mathematics evolved as a sub-field of history of...

Figure 1: Vidinli Tawfik Pasha. Source: IMAGE The Bulletin of the International Linear Algebra Society, 15 (Summer 1995), p. 24.

Vidinli Huseyin Tawfik: A Modern Turkish Specialist of Linear Algebra

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This article is a biography essay on the life and works of Vidinli Tawfiq Pasha, a 19th-century Ottoman...

Figure 1: Pi, symbol and value.

Glimpses in the History of A Great Number: Pi in Arabic Mathematics

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The Greek letter pi (symbolized by p) is defined as the ratio of the circumference of the circle to its...

Astronomer observing the comet of 1577 above Istanbul with a wooden quadrant. Mustafa Ali, Nusratnāme, Topkapi Palace Museum Library, Hazine 1365, folio 5v.

Taqi al-Din Ibn Ma’ruf: Survey on his Works and Scientific Method

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Being in form a bio-bibliographical essay on the life and works of Taqī al-Dīn Ibn Ma'rūf, a well known...

Front covers of two books by Ahmed Djebbar: Une histoire de la science arabe (Paris, 2001) and L'âge d'or des sciences arabes (Paris, 2005).

Mathematics in the Medieval Maghrib: General Survey on Mathematical Activities in North Africa

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In this important article, Professor Ahmed Djebbar, the renowned scholar and specialist of the history of...