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Fig 2.Series of woodcuts of chemical and distilling apparatus from The works of Jabir ibn Hayyan (Geber in Latin), the most famous Arabian prince and philosopher, faithfully Englished by Richard Russel (London, 1678). (e) Calcination, (f) Water bath, (g) Vessels, (h) Fixation and Sublimation
Fig 3. Arabic manuscript held in the British Library showing the distillation process in a treatise of chemistry. © The British Library, London.
Fig 4. Pharmacist preparing drugs. From a MS of the Arabic translation of Dioscorides' Materia Medica. (Source).