Geography

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Ravy (Rayy)
Rayy was a city in the old Persian region of Media, during the Islamic times in the province of Djibal...
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The House of Wisdom: Baghdad’s Intellectual Powerhouse
The heyday of Baghdad was 1,200 years ago when it was the thriving capital of the Muslim world. It was home to the House of Wisdom, an academy of knowledge that attracted brains from far and wide....
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The Unpublished Works of Arabic Geography: An Overview and a Classification
Islamic geographical texts are not only valuable in terms of geographical research, they also constitute an essential resource in the study of Arab-Islamic civilisation - its literature, history,...
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The European Jerusalem: Sarajevo, where Muslim heritage flourished in Central Europe
During Ottoman rule, Sarajevo was heralded as the “European Jerusalem”, as its invaluable contributions to civil engineering, industry, trade and architecture attracted people from various ethnic and...
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Cairo: A Millennial
In this article, published originally in Saudi Aramco World in 1969, focus is laid on the history of Cairo, the capital city of Egypt, founded in 969 by General Gawhar, in the name of the Fatimid...
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Piri Reis: A Genius 16th-Century Ottoman Cartographer and Navigator
Piri Reis is a well known Ottoman-Turkish admiral, geographer and cartographer from the 16th century. His famous world map compiled in 1513 and discovered in 1929 at Topkapi Palace in Istanbul is the...
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The Scholars of Samarkand
Samarkand contributed in particular to the progress of science in astronomy through its observatory. Some of...
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Kufa
Being the home of the encyclopaedic scholar Al-kindi and the great chemist Jabir Ibn Hayan, Kufa had a key...
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Khwarizm
Khwarizm is the city of the birth of algebra, where Al-Biruni corrected and refined the sciences of the past...
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Architecture of Al-Azhar
Of the many splendours of Egypt, the Al-Azhar stands as a landmark in its architectural and cultural history...
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Kutubiya Mosque (1158)
Abul Mumin chose to build his mosque adjacent to the main street of booksellers to emphasize the importance...
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Marrakech
Marrakech became, due to the ambitions and sponsorship of its rulers, the centre of attraction for numerous...
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