Geography

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The European Jerusalem: Sarajevo, where Muslim heritage flourished in Central Europe
During Ottoman rule, Sarajevo was heralded as the “European Jerusalem”, as its invaluable contributions to civil engineering, industry, trade and architecture attracted people from various ethnic and...
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Cairo: A Millennial
In this article, published originally in Saudi Aramco World in 1969, focus is laid on the history of Cairo, the capital city of Egypt, founded in 969 by General Gawhar, in the name of the Fatimid...
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Piri Reis: A Genius 16th-Century Ottoman Cartographer and Navigator
Piri Reis is a well known Ottoman-Turkish admiral, geographer and cartographer from the 16th century. His famous world map compiled in 1513 and discovered in 1929 at Topkapi Palace in Istanbul is the...
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Al-Muqaddasi and Human Geography: An Early Contribution to Social Sciences
Recent scholarly interest in the genesis of social sciences in Islamic culture is a noteworthy shift. Until recent times, the development of these fields was credited exclusively to the modern...
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Gaza at the Crossroad of Civilisations: Two Contemporary Views
Gaza, this tormented part of Palestine, land of suffering and resistance, is also a land of long history. This article presents two recent attempts to recover the ancient and medieval history of Gaza...
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The Islamic Heritage in China: A General Survey
In this article, Anthony Garnaut, an expert of the Muslim Chinese culture, focuses on the Islamic heritage in China and its relevance to understanding both the evolution of Chinese history and...
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Kutubiya Mosque (1158)
Abul Mumin chose to build his mosque adjacent to the main street of booksellers to emphasize the importance...
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Marrakech
Marrakech became, due to the ambitions and sponsorship of its rulers, the centre of attraction for numerous...
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The Ottoman Han (Caravanserai) and Bazzars
The expansion of commerce in the Ottoman world necessitated the introduction of new types of buildings to...
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Spain's Islamic Legacy
Muslims ruled in Spain and Portugal over a period of 800 years. When the Christians finally forced out the...
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Christopher Wren and the Muslim Origin of Gothic Architecture
Christopher Wren's respect for Muslim architecture is displayed in his adoption of numerous Muslim...
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