Geography

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The House of Wisdom: Baghdad’s Intellectual Powerhouse
The heyday of Baghdad was 1,200 years ago when it was the thriving capital of the Muslim world. It was home to the House of Wisdom, an academy of knowledge that attracted brains from far and wide....
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The Unpublished Works of Arabic Geography: An Overview and a Classification
Islamic geographical texts are not only valuable in terms of geographical research, they also constitute an essential resource in the study of Arab-Islamic civilisation - its literature, history,...
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The European Jerusalem: Sarajevo, where Muslim heritage flourished in Central Europe
During Ottoman rule, Sarajevo was heralded as the “European Jerusalem”, as its invaluable contributions to civil engineering, industry, trade and architecture attracted people from various ethnic and...
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Cairo: A Millennial
In this article, published originally in Saudi Aramco World in 1969, focus is laid on the history of Cairo, the capital city of Egypt, founded in 969 by General Gawhar, in the name of the Fatimid...
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Piri Reis: A Genius 16th-Century Ottoman Cartographer and Navigator
Piri Reis is a well known Ottoman-Turkish admiral, geographer and cartographer from the 16th century. His famous world map compiled in 1513 and discovered in 1929 at Topkapi Palace in Istanbul is the...
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Al-Muqaddasi and Human Geography: An Early Contribution to Social Sciences
Recent scholarly interest in the genesis of social sciences in Islamic culture is a noteworthy shift. Until recent times, the development of these fields was credited exclusively to the modern...
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Eye Specialists in Islamic Cultures
"I invite you... to go back with me 1000 years to consider the fascinating history of the old Arabian...
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Mapping the World
Some of the great contributions to geography by early Muslims who were driven by an intense interest not only...
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A review of Muslim Geography
Muslim geography opened up a vast knowledge of the world. Islam urged people to open their minds and horizons...
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Introduction to the Islamic City
Islam is seen by many scholars as an urban religion, which favours communal practice on individual worship....
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Al-Ghazali.

Al-Ghazali’s Views on Children's Education
Al-Ghazali is known in Europe as Algazel. His ideas on education dominated Islamic educational thought for...
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Education in Islam - The Role of the Mosque
Islam prompted mankind to learn. Thus, from the beginning of Islamic history, the concrete symbol of Islam (...
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