Geography

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Ravy (Rayy)
Rayy was a city in the old Persian region of Media, during the Islamic times in the province of Djibal...
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The House of Wisdom: Baghdad’s Intellectual Powerhouse
The heyday of Baghdad was 1,200 years ago when it was the thriving capital of the Muslim world. It was home to the House of Wisdom, an academy of knowledge that attracted brains from far and wide....
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The Unpublished Works of Arabic Geography: An Overview and a Classification
Islamic geographical texts are not only valuable in terms of geographical research, they also constitute an essential resource in the study of Arab-Islamic civilisation - its literature, history,...
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The European Jerusalem: Sarajevo, where Muslim heritage flourished in Central Europe
During Ottoman rule, Sarajevo was heralded as the “European Jerusalem”, as its invaluable contributions to civil engineering, industry, trade and architecture attracted people from various ethnic and...
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Cairo: A Millennial
In this article, published originally in Saudi Aramco World in 1969, focus is laid on the history of Cairo, the capital city of Egypt, founded in 969 by General Gawhar, in the name of the Fatimid...
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Piri Reis: A Genius 16th-Century Ottoman Cartographer and Navigator
Piri Reis is a well known Ottoman-Turkish admiral, geographer and cartographer from the 16th century. His famous world map compiled in 1513 and discovered in 1929 at Topkapi Palace in Istanbul is the...
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Terminological issues of Islamic Architecture
Terminological issues are connected with the use of "Muslim" and "Islamic" architecture. The two words are...
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The Horseshoe and Transverse Arches
The first Muslim adaptation and modification of the design of the arch occurred in the invention of the...
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The Pointed Arch
The first appearance of the pointed arch in the Muslim World was traced to the Al-Aqsa Mosque, but the Palace...
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The Arch That Never Sleeps
Perhaps no culture mastered the design and use of the arch more than the Muslims. Inheriting earlier arch...
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Architecture under Umayyad Patronage (661-750)
Under the Umayyads, Islam spread to various lands, generating considerable prosperity and wealth. In that...
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Architecture under Abbassid Patronage (750-892)
The Abbassids became patrons of a number of gigantic construction projects extending from large mosques and...
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