Geography

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When the World was Upside Down: Maps from Muslim Civilisation
We tend to take many things for granted. Today, we are equipped with numerous means of communication and transport over land, sea and air. We have such freedom to swiftly travel around the globe, so...
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Ravy (Rayy)
Rayy was a city in the old Persian region of Media, during the Islamic times in the province of Djibal...
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The House of Wisdom: Baghdad’s Intellectual Powerhouse
The heyday of Baghdad was 1,200 years ago when it was the thriving capital of the Muslim world. It was home to the House of Wisdom, an academy of knowledge that attracted brains from far and wide....
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The Unpublished Works of Arabic Geography: An Overview and a Classification
Islamic geographical texts are not only valuable in terms of geographical research, they also constitute an essential resource in the study of Arab-Islamic civilisation - its literature, history,...
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The European Jerusalem: Sarajevo, where Muslim heritage flourished in Central Europe
During Ottoman rule, Sarajevo was heralded as the “European Jerusalem”, as its invaluable contributions to civil engineering, industry, trade and architecture attracted people from various ethnic and...
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Cairo: A Millennial
In this article, published originally in Saudi Aramco World in 1969, focus is laid on the history of Cairo, the capital city of Egypt, founded in 969 by General Gawhar, in the name of the Fatimid...
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Interior Architecture of Desert Climate
Mr. Hadi Ali Shateh discusses design solutions adopted in regions of desert climate and analyses the...
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Pottery, Ceramics and Glass
As in all civilisations, great use was made of pottery, for cooking, lighting, washing, etc. In the bazaar in...
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Figs in Muslim Spain
Figs may not have had the economic importance of olives, yet they afford an excellent example of the...
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The Great Book Collectors
The Muslims were great book collectors, and in all the larger towns there was a flourishing book trade. From...
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Al-Muqaddasi: An Encyclopaedic Scholar
Al-Muqaddasi (or Al-Maqdisi), originally from Al-Quds (Jerusalem), hence his name, is by far one of the most...
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Piri Reis and his Place in Ottoman Maritime History
When dealing with Turkish history, whether during the Ottoman period or after, one comes across horrendous...
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