Education

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Scholarly Traditions of the Schools in Baghdad: The Mustansiria as a Model
Baghdad schools are a challenging topic, involving several different facets of history. These include cartography to identify the location of each school, biographical studies to identify their...
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Kairouan Capital of Political Power and Learning in the Ifriqiya
The following article presents a survey on some glorious pages of the history of Kairouan, the ancient capital of the Islamic Ifriqiya (present day Tunisia). Founded in 670 by ‘Uqba ibn Nafi', the...
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Muslim Heritage and Education
This is the text of a presentation made to The Education and Culture Committee of the EU Parliament in Brussels on the 5th November 2008.
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General Organisation of Education and Teaching Methods in Islamic Civilisation
Organised learning had been a feature of Islamic Civilisation since the beginning. The Prophet Muhammad would organise the education of a committed group who over time became the people of knowledge...
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Sub-Saharan Centres of Learning
Though we may think of Timbuktu as the pre-eminent site of pre-colonial West African scholarship, we must remember that there were other places spanning across the Western and Central Sudan that were...
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The Question is? Myths and Fallacies Surrounding the Decline of Muslim Civilisation
Why did Islamic civilisation fall into decline? This article seeks to correct some misunderstandings and open...
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Were the Berbers and Seljuks instrumental in decline of Muslim Civilisation?
It is actually a hostility to Berbers and Turks that explains their being blamed for the decadence of Islam....
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The Destruction of the Muslim Economic System: A Prime reason for the Decline of Muslim Science
Attacks on Islamic centres of wealth on land and on sea by Western Christian pirates greatly reduced the...
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The Ottoman Ulema
The word ulema, which is widely used in the Islamic world, is used to refer to community based scholars....
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Ottoman Educational Institutions during the Reform Period
The Imperial Tanzimat Rescript (Tanzimat Fermani) announced on 3 November 1839 provided state protection for...
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Madrasa Education during the Early Ottoman Period
The madrasas of the early Ottoman period can be considered as institutions which continued the established...
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