Born on 1421
Ahmad ibn Majid navigator and writer. Ibn Majid, whose full name was Shihab al-Din Ahmad ibn Majid al-Najid, was born at Julfar, in modern Oman, in the mid-1430s. Click here for more information.
Born on 786 Died on 833
Al-Hajjaj ibn Yusuf ibn Matar was one of the most influential translators of the late 8th and early 9th centuries in Baghdad, then the capital of the ʿAbbāsid Empire. Click here for more information.
Al-Mahani's work in astronomy from Ibn Yunus's astronomical handbook al-Zij al-Hakimi al-kabir. Click here for more information.
Born on 896 Died on 956
One of the leading intellectual innovators was the historian Abu al-Hasan 'Ali ibn al-Husayn al-Mas'udi, born in Baghad in about 895 CE. Earlier and more traditional Muslim historians such as al-Tabari, whom al-Mas'udi greatly admired, collected vast quantities of material and set it down in ro...