Scholars A-Z

Born on 1236 Died on 1304
Jacob ben Machir ibn Tibbon, known as Don Profeit or Profatius Judaeus (ca. 1236-1305). Profatius studied medicine at Montpellier and seems to have lived in Spain for a year. He translated from Arabic to Hebrew Euclid's Elements and Data, Alhazen's On the Configuration of the World,...
Born on 640 Died on 708
Jacob Of Edessa, (born c. 640, ʿEn-deba, Antioch province, Syria [now Antioch, Tur.]—died 708), distinguished Christian theologian, historian, philosopher, exegete, and grammarian, who became bishop of Edessa (c. 684). His strict discipline giving offense, he retir...
Jaghmīnī is the author of the ubiquitous elementary astronomical text al‐Mulakhkhaṣ fī al‐hayʾa al‐basīṭa (Epitome of plain theoretical astronomy). This popular, simplified (i.e., without proofs) introduction to astronomy, written in Arabic, was the subject of an enormous number of ex...
Born on 13 Dec, 1380 Died on 29 Feb, 1436
Al-Kashi remains to this day known for his great mathematical output. He produced his treatise Risala al-Muhitiya (Treatise on the Circumference) in July 1424, a work in which he calculated 2 [pi] to nine sexagesimal places and translated this into sixteen decimal places. This was an achie...

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