Scholars A-Z

Born on 640 Died on 708
Jacob Of Edessa, (born c. 640, ʿEn-deba, Antioch province, Syria [now Antioch, Tur.]—died 708), distinguished Christian theologian, historian, philosopher, exegete, and grammarian, who became bishop of Edessa (c. 684). His strict discipline giving offense, he retir...
Jaghmīnī is the author of the ubiquitous elementary astronomical text al‐Mulakhkhaṣ fī al‐hayʾa al‐basīṭa (Epitome of plain theoretical astronomy). This popular, simplified (i.e., without proofs) introduction to astronomy, written in Arabic, was the subject of an enormous number of ex...
Born on 13 Dec, 1380 Died on 29 Feb, 1436
Al-Kashi remains to this day known for his great mathematical output. He produced his treatise Risala al-Muhitiya (Treatise on the Circumference) in July 1424, a work in which he calculated 2 [pi] to nine sexagesimal places and translated this into sixteen decimal places. This was an achie...
Born on 1200 Died on 1300
Jordanus de Nemore, a European scholar of the 13th century, to whom various scientific works are ascribed in the fields of mathematics, astronomy and theoretical mechanics. Several of these texts reveal clear and strong influences from Arabic scientific works, many of which were translated into Lati...

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