Scholars A-Z

Born on 1160 Died on 1233
Historian who recorded history as a sequence of military engagements, such as the Mongol invasion of the Islamic Empire. Believed history had both religious and mundane value and that moral lessons could be drawn from it to reform kingdoms. Abridged al-Tabari 's history and continued it through 1231...
ʿAlī ibn ʿĪsā al-Asṭurlābī, author of an early Arabic treatise on the astrolabe and an opponent of astrology, enjoyed renown as an astronomical instrument maker and contributed to observations initiated by the ʿAbbāsid caliph Maʾmūn. He took part with Khālid ibn ʿAbd al-Malik al-Marwarrūdhī and othe...
One of the most highly regarded of ophthalmological manuals was that covering 130 eye ailments writte by 'Ali ibn 'Isa al-Kahhal (d. 1010/400 H) who practiced in Baghdad. Click here for more information.
Born on 998 Died on 1061
An Egyptian physician, astrologer and astronomer, born in Jiza (ca. 998-ca. 1061). He was a commentator on Greek medicine, and in particular on Galen and Hippocrates. He is also known for his observation of the Supernova that appeared in the sky in 1006, which he mentioned in his commentary on Ptole...

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