Scholars A-Z

Born on 900 Died on 1000
Abu Bakr Ibn Washiyya (alive in 218/930), the author or translator of many «Nabatean» books, among them the famous al-Filaha an-Nabatiyya, «the Nabatean Agriculture». Click here for more information.
Born on 950
Ibn Yunus was an astronomer and a mathematician; and came to fame in 1804 when a Leiden manuscript of his was first studied. Ibn Yunus' main work was al-Zij al-Hakimi (Zij meaning an astronomical handbook) which begins with a list of observations made by him and others.
Died on 777
Ibrahim al-Fazari (d. 777 CE) was an 8th-century mathematician and astronomer at the Abbasid court of the Caliph Harun al-Rashid.   He composed various astronomical writings ("on the astrolabe", "on the armillary spheres", "on the calendar").   The Caliph ordered him and his son...
Died on 1213
Due to his late 12th/early 13th century writings, known and read in Morocco, Ibrahim al-Kanemi, carries the distinction - as the first sub-Saharan scholar, to have written in Arabic. He was a grammarian, a poet and a member of the ulema (scholars) of Kanem-Borno, the first Muslim ruled state, of...