Figure 1: 15th-16th century manuscript of Divan-e Shamse Tabrizi depicting Shamse Tabrizi playing chess with a young Persian prince. (Source). The Diwan-e Kabir (Great Work) or Diwan-e Šams-e Tabrizi (The Works of Shams of Tabriz) is a major writing of Mawlana Jalal-ad-Din Muhammad Rumi , (d. 1273).
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Chess probably originated in Persia or Central Asia before...