Authored

There is a huge bronze cannon in the Fort Nelson Museum. It is cast in two pieces, chase and breech, the two parts screwed together. It is reported that the Ottomans cast such split cannons in 15th and 16th century for ease of transportation. No such split guns had existed in Europe before then....
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This short article is taken from the full article which is available here as a PDF file   The Ottomans conserved the fundamental features of Islamic civilisation in their scientific institutions as they also did in social and cultural areas. Three of the six Ottoman state scientific...
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This short article is taken from the full article which is available here as a PDF file Astrology (tanjim) was also known as ilm-i ahkam-i nacm ('the science of drawing inferences from the stars') in Islamic culture. However, there was constant controversy over whether astrology violated the...
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This short article is taken from the full article which is available here as a PDF file The Ottoman State emerged at the beginning of the fourteenth century in former Byzantine territory in North Western Anatolia and expanded through the Balkan Peninsula and South-East Europe. The Ottomans were...
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This short article is taken from the full article (by Dr Salim Ayduz) which is available here as a 12 page PDF file. This article aims at examining books translated from European languages in the field of exact and natural sciences in the Ottoman Empire. Previous researches show that in...
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Ali b. Sahl Rabban al-Tabari Author of Firdaws al-hikma (Paradise of Wisdom) Dr. Salim Ayduz* Table of contents 1. Introduction 2. Biography 3. Al-Tabarī's Works 4. Firdaws al-hikma, the first encyclopaedia of medicine 5. Bibliography 1. Introduction Abū'l-Hasan ‘Ali ibn Sahl...
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Dr. Salim Ayduz* Table of contents 1. Introduction 2. Mathematicians before the conquest of Constantinople 3. General overview of Ottoman mathematics 4. Ottoman mathematicians in the 15th and 16th centuries 4.1. Qādīzāda al-Rūmī (d. ca 1440) 4.2. ‘Alā al-Dīn ‘Ali al-Qushjī (ca...
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Dr. Salim Ayduz* Table of contents 1. Introduction 2. Short biography 3. The impact of Al-Tusi on the Ottoman world 3.1. Si Fasl dar Ma'rifat-i Taqwim 3.1.2. Commentaries on ‘Si Fasl' during the Ottoman Period 3.1.2. Turkish Translations of Si Fasl 3.2. Tahrir Kitab usul al-...
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Dr. Osman Sabuncuoglu* and Dr. Salim Ayduz** Table of contents 1. Biography 2. Works 2.1. Cerrâhiyetü ‘l-Hâniyye 2.2. Mücerrebnâme 2.3. Terceme-i Akrabadin 3. Anaesthesia techniques in Cerrahiye-i Ilhaniye 4. References and further readings Figure 1: Illustration of...
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Salim Ayduz*   Figure 1: Vidinli Tawfik Pasha. Source: IMAGE The Bulletin of the International Linear Algebra Society, 15 (Summer 1995), p. 24.   Vidinli Huseyin Tawfik Pasha (Born in Bulgaria, Vidin 1832- died in Istanbul 16...
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