Authored

Figure 1. Medina of Marrakesh (Source) So, briefly here, we remind how when the great Muslim ruler, ibn Abi Amir (Al-Mansur), who had made al Andalus the great power of his time, and who had conducted 52 military operations to stem the Christian reconquest of al Andalus died (in 1002), the...
MH
Figure 1. Aleppo by Matrakci (Source) The castle is not very large, but herein the Sultan has his abode. The city has seven gates: Bab Hims (Emessa gate), Bab ar Rakkah; Bab Kinnasrin; Bab al-yahud; Bab al-Iraq; Bab al-Batikh; and Bab Antakiyyah; The Bab Arba’in (gate of the Forty) is now...
MH
Figure 1. Manuscript from the medical treatise of Al-Zahrawi in the General Library in Rabat, Morocco (Source) Von Grunebaum remarks: Modern Muslim society as a whole is lamentably ignorant of the origin, development, and achievements of its civilisation. This ignorance is due partly to a...
MH
Figure 1. The Samarkand Quran manuscript, now kept in Tashkent, 8/9th century (Source) Introduction The title above is by no means an accurate representation of what contents and subjects this essay will include. Subjects considered here would normally constitute a specific heading; i....
MH
Rayy was a city in the old Persian region of Media, during the Islamic times in the province of Djibal; the city’s ruins visible 5 miles south-south east of Tehran.[1] The town is situated in the fertile zone, which lies between the mountains and the desert on the southern slopes of the Elburz...
MH
Figure 1. The Tabula Rogeriana, drawn by al-Idrisi for Roger II of Sicily in 1154, one of the most advanced ancient world maps. Modern consolidation, created from the 70 double-page spreads of the original atlas. (Source)  If the degree of evolution of any...
MH
Figure 1: The Mongol Emperor Timur on his throne, after an Indian miniature by Rembrandt van Rijn. © Musée du Louvre/Bridgeman Art Library. In 1400, at the age of 67 or 68, Ibn Khaldun (1322-1406) was compelled by the Mamluk sultan al-Nasir to travel to Damascus in an effort to convince...
MH
Figure 1: Muslim expansion by the end of Umayyad rule in 750. (Source). Mc Neill and Waldman remark: Obviously, ancient feuds and hatreds are far from dead. The clash of doctrine that arose from Muhammad’s revelation, reinforced by centuries of warfare between...
MH
Summarised extracts from a full article: An Introduction to Muslim Science by Salah Zaimeche The Greek civilisation that sprang into existence centuries before Jesus (PUH) was a brilliant civilisation that encompassed subjects such as philosophy, mathematics, geography, astronomy and...
MH
In this article, we give highlights of three main founders of Experimental Chemistry: Jabir Ibn Hayyan, Al-Razi and Al-Majriti. One of the points raised by Holmyard, which was fundamental to chemistry, and to the development of science in general, is the development of its practical side...
MH