Authored

In Muslim Spain, Andalusia, in the city of Cordoba lived the famous physician and surgeon, Al-Zahrawi (936-1013 CE), Latinized as Albucassis. He wrote a monumental work, a medical encyclopaedia entitled Al-Tasreef, in 30 volumes, which was translated into Latin and used as the main medical...
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Abul-Hasan Alí Ibn Nafí, known as Ziryab, was born in Iraq in 789. He was nicknamed Ziryab because of his melodious voice and his dark complexion, features which people compared with mir it, a singing bird of black plumage. He was a gifted pupil of Ishaq al-Mawsili, a renowned musician in...
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Tunis, the green, was the capital of Muslim Caliphate in the Maghreb reaching a period of unrivalled prosperity and economic, cultural and social growth. Below is a summary of how this once great city was planned to meet such prosperity. Tunis was rebuilt under the Roman Emperor Augustus in the...
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Christopher Wren (1632-1723) whose father was the Dean of Windsor and whose uncle, Mathew Wren, was the Bishop of Norwich, graduated from Oxford with an MA in 1653. Four years later, in 1657, he became Professor of Astronomy at Gresham College, London. He was also a revered mathematician,...
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Marrakech was founded in about 1070 CE by the Almoravids. The city became the capital of the empire which was in the Sahara as well as the Maghrib. It was strategically placed on the plain of the Tensift River, just within the arc of the Atlas Mountains at the convergence of two major routes across...
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Bejaia is a city on the eastern Algerian coast, built in an amphitheatre around a bay, sheltered from the sea. Al-Bakri's description of the city tells that it was a very ancient town inhabited by Andalusians and having a good harbour suitable for wintering in.[1] Bejaia witnessed great changes...
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Fes
Fes is a symbol of Muslim excellence. Browsing through Burckhardt's work on the city[1] one is struck by the crucial element that has marked Muslim civilisation in its glory days: the search for perfection; a search which marked all Muslim sciences, artistic and literary achievements. Many...
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Introduction For well over twelve hundred years Al-Qarawiyyin has been one of the leading spiritual and educational centres of the Muslim World, a typical institution, of many, underlining how learning constituted the heart of the religion of Islam and its civilisation. The story of its...
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Historical Background By the 12th century, most of the Maghrib (the Islamic countries of North Africa) was conquered by the Almohads, a dynasty founded by devoted religious leaders calling themselves Al-Muwahhidun: the proclaimers of the oneness of Allah. The name also has a political meaning: "...
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Background Muslims introduced to India many building types amongst which was the mausoleum. This is a structure generally of octagonal form built to accommodate the tomb of an important man or woman. The practice of building mausoleums was spread by the Seljuks during the 11th and 12th centuries...
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