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Nearly four centuries would elapse after Al-Muqaddasi (died 946AD), see full article, before Ibn-khaldun enters the frame of Islamic scholarship, associating both intellectual might and near perfect organisational skills to set the foundations for our modern social, economic, historical and...
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The Islamisation of North Africa and Spain transformed their socio-cultural and economic structures from poverty and darkness to prosperity and enlightenment. This had engendered major advances in architecture and art. In building, this region, especially Andalusia, produced some of the...
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The arrival of Islam to North Africa at the hands of Uqba Ibn Nafi (d.683) annexed this region to the Caliphate in the East, becoming firstly part of the Ummayads and later a province of the Abbasids. This ex-Vandals ravaged region was steered to civilisation and prosperity quickly restoring its...
MH
Although Muslim architecture has been investigated by both Muslims and non Muslims, it still remains omitted from main stream architecture theories and much of existing works are no more than curiosities undertaken by a group of sympathisers mostly Orientalists. Here, the notion of Islamic...
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The terminological issues are connected with the use of "Muslim" and "Islamic" architecture. The two words are theoretically interconnected but conceptually different. Muslim is a general word referring to religious and geographical setting of Islam. Muslim architecture is the building...
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These arches are found in many mosques throughout the Muslim world. The horseshoe arch is mainly decoration. Whilst the transverse arch has a structural function. They are also a common feature in numerous buildings in Europe. Where did the come from and how?  The Horseshoe Arch The...
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To celebrate the 1200th birth anniversary of Muhammad bin Musa Al-Khwarizmi, the former USSR issued this postal stamp pictured to the left. The terms Algebra and Algorithm are familiar to all of us but how many have heard of their originator Muhammad al-Khwarizmi. In Geography he revised and...
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The Samarqand Observatory dates from 1424. It was built by Ulugh Beg (1394-1449). Ulugh Beg was a prince keen on the sciences, enjoying the company of, and discussions with scholars. The observatory of Samarqand was a `monumental' building equipped with a huge meridian, made of masonry, a ‘...
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The hospital was called the Hospital of Amir al-Muminin al-Mansur ibn Yusuf. Al-Mansur was an Almohad ruler who ruled Morocco and Spain from 1184 until his death in 1199. Al-Mansur had a hospital built that has no equal in the world. For his purpose he chose a very extensive area in the...
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A white marble tomb built in 1631-48 in Agra, seat of the Mugal Empire by Shah Jehan for his wife, Arjuman Banu Begum, the monument sums up many of the formal themes that have played through Islamic architecture. Major General Sir W.H. Sleeman, administrator in the Bengal Army, who had been...
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