World Maths Day

As the world celebrates World Maths and Pi Day on March 12th and March 14th, the Muslim Heritage team would like to draw your attention to the invaluable, but often overlooked, contributions of mathematicians from non-European civilisations, to the areas of Algebra, Arithmetic, Geometry and Trigonometry, to name but a few.

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As the world celebrates World Maths and Pi Day on March 12th and March 14th, the Muslim Heritage team would like to draw your attention to the invaluable, but often overlooked, contributions of mathematicians from non-European civilisations, to the areas of Algebra, Arithmetic, Geometry and Trigonometry, to name but a few.

We owe such mathematicians for the development of the numerical system we still use today, for geometrical pattern designing, the present arithmetical decimal system and the fundamental operations connected with it: addition, subtraction, multiplication, division, exponentiation, and extracting the root. Scientists in Muslim heritage also introduced the 'zero' concept to the world.

In order to highlight such contributions, Muslim Heritage has compiled a series of articles on illustrious mathematicians such as Muhammad ibn Musa Al-Khwarizmi, who amongst his many accomplishments made unique  advances in algebra; Omar al-Khayyam is renowned for his developments in cubic equations; Abd Al-Hamid Ibn Turk who made substantial developments to algebra; Ali Al-Qushji, who established his own school and educated brilliant scholars such as Milla Sari Lutfi during the Ottoman Empire. The development of Arabic maths was carried on in close interaction with the mathematical traditions of previous cultures. The mathematicians of Islam drew on the treatises of Greek scholars such as Euclid, Archimedes and Apollonius. They also knew and used some of the results of the early classical period of Indian mathematics, such as those of Aryabhata, Varahamihira and Brahmagupta.

To draw attention to these scholars and to others as well, we list below some of the papers published on our website.

Mathematics in Muslim Heritage
 

 

Kerala Mathematics and Its Possible Transmission to Europe

 

 

Contribution of Al-Khwarizmi to Mathematics and Geography

   

‘Umar al-Khayyam (Omar Khayyam)

 

 

Logical Necessities in Mixed Equations: 'Abd Al-Hamîd Ibn Turk and the Algebra of his Time

 

 

Ali Al-Qushji and His Contributions to Mathematics and Astronomy
   

Glimpses in the History of A Great Number: Pi in Arabic Mathematics

   

Mathematics in the Medieval Maghrib: General Survey on Mathematical Activities in North Africa

   

Al-Hassâr's Kitâb al-Bayân and the Transmission of the Hindu-Arabic Numerals

   

The Volume of the Sphere in Arabic Mathematics: Historical and Analytical Survey

   

Sine, Cosine and the Measurement of the Earth

   

Ahmad Salim Sa‘idan: A Palestinian Historian of Arabic Mathematics

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