This short article describes Lady Montagu's efforts in introducing a technique of vaccinating against smallpox; a technique that she learnt from Ottoman Turkey and transported, against some resistance, to the shores of Britain. It was from this knowledge, which had existed for some time in the Muslim lands, that Dr. Edward Jenner was able to develop modern methods of smallpox vaccination.
Lady Mary Wortley Montagu and the Introduction of Smallpox Vaccination to England
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Figure 1. The Tabula Rogeriana, drawn by al-Idrisi for Roger II of Sicily in 1154, one of the most advanced ancient world maps. Modern consolidation, created from the 70 double-page spreads of the original atlas. (Source)
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