This article is a plea for putting the Muslim contribution to modern day chemistry in its due place in history. The outline of the Islamic contribution to chemistry, in the works of renowned scholars, from Jabir ibn Hayyan and Al-Razi to Al-Majriti and Al-Jildaki, show clearly that the corpus of Islamic chemistry is far from being just a thin layer covering the occult practice of alchemy. Modern commentaries tend more and more to correct this ready made image. In that, they meet with the critics addressed to alchemists' pretentions since the times of Ibn Sina and Ibn Khaldun.
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