The Islamic tradition of agriculture, whether in the form of the outstanding progress in agriculture production or as a large corpus of farming manuals written in Arabic, is nowadays a subject of interest for historians of science, and of economic, and social history. The following article, translated from Arabic, written by Dr. Jaser Abu Safieh describes some salient aspects of this tradition and shows how it intertwined with Islamic culture and the various forms of Islamic learning. Focusing on its achievements as a revolution in production of agricultural products, the article shows also the various aspects of the interest in plants taken in Islamic history: the linguistic aspect, the use of herbs and plant products in medicine, as well as the development of agricultural science.
Gleanings from the Islamic Contribution in Agriculture
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Figure 1. The Tabula Rogeriana, drawn by al-Idrisi for Roger II of Sicily in 1154, one of the most advanced ancient world maps. Modern consolidation, created from the 70 double-page spreads of the original atlas. (Source)
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