A notable fact that should be remembered when we talk about the different areas of knowledge in Muslim heritage—and which should be emphasised in these troubled days marked by the tragic situation in the Middle East—, is that until the middle of the 20th century, Palestine was an integral part of the Muslim world. The contributions of Palestinian men and women to Islamic civilisation are so numerous that it is impossible to count and describe them briefly. The following article is an outline of the life and work of the Palestinian geographer Al-Muqaddasi (10th century), an early and most original geographer.
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The painting Lady Mary Wortley Montagu with her son, Edward Wortley Montagu, and attendants attributed to Jean Baptiste Vanmour (oil on canvas, circa 1717). © National Portrait Gallery, London: NPG 3924.
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