# Algebra

Algebra topics

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Page of a manuscript on the mathematics of cubic equations by Khayyām. (Source).

‘Umar al-Khayyam (Omar Khayyam)

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‘Umar al-Khayyam (better known as Omar Khayyam, 1048-1123 CE), was a polymath scholar from Nishapur, Persia....

Figure 1: An Ottoman miniature showing a game of Matrak invented by Nasuh ‘Ali al-Silahi al-Matraqi. Source: Topkapi Palace library in Istanbul, MS H 1344.

Significant Ottoman Mathematicians and their Works

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This article aims to give an overview of the formation and development of mathematical studies and the work...

Figure 1: Diagrams from the original manuscript of Al-Karaji's Inbat al-miyah al-khafiya, from Transformation of Knowledge: Early Manuscripts from the Schoenberg Collection (edited by Crofton Black, Paul Holberton publishing, 2007, p. 115). (Source: section 7 "Technology").

Muhammad Al-Karaji: A Mathematician Engineer from the Early 11th Century

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Abu Bakr Muhammed Al-Karaji is a Muslim mathematician and engineer from the late 10th century-early 11th...

Figure 1: Front cover of Handsat Ūqlīdis fī aydin ‘arabiya (Euclid's geometry in Arabian hands) by Ahmad Salīm Sa‘īdān (Amman, 1991).

Ahmad Salim Sa‘idan: A Palestinian Historian of Arabic Mathematics

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Since the middle of the 20th century, the history of Arabic mathematics evolved as a sub-field of history of...

Figure 1: Vidinli Tawfik Pasha. Source: IMAGE The Bulletin of the International Linear Algebra Society, 15 (Summer 1995), p. 24.

Vidinli Huseyin Tawfik: A Modern Turkish Specialist of Linear Algebra

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This article is a biography essay on the life and works of Vidinli Tawfiq Pasha, a 19th-century Ottoman...

Figure 1. An artist's impression of Al-Biruni (Image from www.muslimheritage.com).

Mathematics in Muslim Heritage

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Early mathematics was revolutionised by Muslim scholars like Al-Khwarizmi, the founder of Algebra; Al-Kindi,...