FEATURED ARTICLES

The Scientific Center of Kuwait to Host 1001 Inventions in 2015
The Scientific Center of Kuwait announces the February 2015 opening of the award-winning 1001 Inventions Exhibition
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UNESCO Announces 1001 Inventions Partnership
1000 Years of Arabic Optics to be a focus of the United Nations proclaimed 'International Year of Light' in 2015.
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Special Session Announcement: “Science and Innovation during Muslim Civilization and how to present them in Schools and Public Domain", Sharjah, 8-11 Dec 2014. In collaboration with FSTC (UK).
Special Session Announcement “Science and Innovation during Muslim Civilization and how to present them in Schools and Public Domain" Session Code: SS3 Dec 10th, 2:00 – 4:00 p.m. As part of:...
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BSA presents prestigious award to Dr Anne-Maria Brennan
The British Science Association (BSA) awarded Dr Anne-Maria Brennan with the Sir Walter Bodmer Award. Dr Anne-Maria Brennan is board member of FSTC and Chairperson of CE4tF.
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The Transfer of Science Between India, Europe and China via Muslim Heritage
[Proceedings of the conference 1001 Inventions: Muslim Heritage in Our World organised by FSTC, London, 25-26 May 2010]. The Islamic realms served as a crucible for scientific learning from the...
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Black History Month: African contributions to Muslim Civilisation
From the grand University of Sankore, Timbuktu to mathematics and architecture in North Africa, the African contribution within Muslim civilisation is invaluable. As October marks Black History Month...
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1001 Inventions' Science Show and Schools Programme launches in Sao Paulo, Brazil
Tuesday 23rd September 2014, Sao Paulo: A new theatrical science show and educational programme was launched today at the Institute of Butantan. The ‘1001 Inventions Brazil Schools...
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The Courtyard Houses of Syria
The courtyard house is one of the most enduring architectural forms, transcending regional, historical and cultural boundaries. Its balance of simple appropriate construction, environmental control...
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Aleppo Citadel: Glimpses of the Past
The Citadel of Aleppo is one of the oldest monuments in the world. It is the most famous historic architectural site in Syria and is built on top of a huge, partially artificial mound rising 50m...
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The Fate of Manuscripts in Iraq and Elsewhere
In this well informed article, Dr Geoffrey Roper, an expert in the field, outlines an impressive portrait of the dangers and threats encountered by the national heritage of Iraq due to the dramatic...
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1001 Inventions launches Rotterdam Exhibition
Award-winning show about the scientific achievements of Muslim Civilisation now launched
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Ibn Khaldun: Studies on His Contribution in Economy
In the following section, we focus on Ibn Khaldun's contribution to economic thought. We publish contributions by recognized scholars who endeavoured recently to give Ibn Khaldun long overdue credit...
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RECENT ARTICLES

Architecture of Muslim Spain and North Africa
First in a series of articles on the Architecture of Muslim Spain and North Africa (756-1500AD). A brief...
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Figure 1: The logo of the Islamic Development Bank (IDB).
Islamic Development Bank 2012 Prizes for Science and Technology
In recognition of the crucial role of Science and Technology (S&T) towards social and economic...
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PICTURE GALLERIES

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Figure 1: Photograph of Nimrod's lens which was found in Nimrod's palace in the 19th century.
Figure 2: The oldest wall painting that shows a man wearing spectacles. Tomaso de Modena painted this painting in 1352 in the Italian city of Treviso.
Figure 3: A model of the first spectacles in the 14th century, this model is similar to what is sold by the antiques replica dealers.
Figure 5: Detail of a painting called "the Death of the Virgin" which was painted between 1400 and 1410.
Figure 6: The first printed drawing that shows medical spectacles. This was in a book called Liber Chronicarum by Schedel. This book was printed in Germany in 1493 and it is known that printing was invented in Germany forty years before the previous date.
Figure 7: Front cover of Diwan ibn Hamdis (Beirut, 1970).
Figure 8: A painting showing the Persian artist Ridhā al-'Abbasī in his old age. His student Mu'in al-Musawwer painted the paining in March 1635. The painting shows the artist wearing his spectacles and it is the oldest known painting in the Muslim world that shows spectacles. It is kept in Princeton University Library in New Jersey.
Figure 9: This painting is one of Ridhā al-'Abbasī's abum, it shows a man wearing spectacles and holding a book. This painting is dated to 1650 and it is now kept in Freer Gallery of Art in Washington, D.C.
Figure 1: A page from Ibn Sînâ's medical book Canon. MS of the Institute of Manuscripts of Azerbaijan National Academy of Sciences (IMANAS) (Source).
Figure 3a-3b: Detail from Gevher Nesibe Hospital in Kayseri, Turkey, and view from Gevher Nesibe Hospital courtyard (Source).
Figure 4: Gevher Nesibe Sultan Statue (Source).
Figure 5: View into Al-Azhar's courtyard (Source).
Figure 6: Aerial view of Al-Hâkim Mosque in Cairo (Source).
Figure 2: Chemical apparatus depicted in two pages of the Alchemiae Gebri Arabis philosophi solertissimi libri (Bern, 1545). (Source).
Figure 3: Front cover of the first volume of the Corpus Alchemicum Arabicum, the Book of the Explanation of the Symbols (Kitab Hall Ar-Rumuz) by Muhammad Ibn Umail (Living Human Heritage Publications, Daimon Verlag, 2002).
Figure 4: European depiction of Al-Razi in the Latin version of one of his treatises translated by Gerard of Cremona in between 1250-60. (Image in the public domain).
Figure 5: Arabic manuscript held in the British Library showing the distillation process in a treatise of chemistry. © The British Library, London.
Figure 6: Cover of Journal of Chemical Education, September 1995, where H.S. El Khadem published an article on an ancient alchemy lost text reproduced in the Keys of Wisdom by Al-Tughra'i (12th century) [20].
Figure 7: An illuminated opening from the alchemical treatise The Proof Regarding Secrets of the Science of the Balance (Kitab al-Burhan fi asrar 'ilm al-mizan) by 'Izz al-Din Aydamir al-Jildaki (d. 1342/743 H). Undated copy made in Morocco in the late 19th century. National Library of Medicine, Bethesda, MA, MS A7, part 1, fols. 1b-2a. © NLM. (Source).
Figure 8: Pharmacist preparing drugs. From a MS of the Arabic translation of Dioscorides' Materia Medica. (Source).

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