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Interview with Prof. Salim Al-Hassani at 1001 Inventions Exhibition in National Geographic Museum by Turkish-...
Figure 2: Page from the manuscript of Ihya' 'ulum al-din (Revival of the sciences of religion), Al-Ghazali's great masterpiece preserved in the Tunisian National Library in Tunis. (Source).
Figure 3: Page from another manuscript of Ihya' 'ulum al-din. (Source).
Figure 4: A third extract from from al-Ghazali's Ihya' 'ulum al-din. Arabic manuscript on buff paper, 104ff. as numbered with 19 lines of scholar's naskh script, titles in large size, minor headings in red, very good condition, contemporary brown morocco binding with flap with tooled decoration, dates from the 14th century; from eastern Anatolia or Iran. (Source).
Figure 5: The frontispice of the manuscript of Kimia' al-sa'ada (The Alchemy of Happiness) by Abu Hamid al-Ghazali. Copy from Iran (Shiraz?) dated 1308 held in Paris. © Bibliothèque nationale de France. (Source).
Figure 6: From cover of the recent English translation of Al-Ghazali's al-Munqidh min al-Dhalal (Deliverance from Error) and other works, translated by R.J. McCarthy (Fons Vitae, 2004, 334 pp.).
Figure 7: Women are hidden behind a wall, like in a harem of a house, while an imam lectures in a mosque: Shaykh Baha'al-Din Veled preaching in Balkh Jami' al-Siyar in 1600; part of the Topkapi collection, from Bilkent University, Turkey. (Source).
Figure 8: A folio from the Akhlaq-i Nasiri, a philosophical treatise written by the famous scholar Nasir al-Din al-Tusi. (Source).
Figure 9: View of the interior of a madrasa, from a poem by Elyas Nizami (1140-1209), dated c.1550 © Bridgeman Art Library / Institute of Oriental Studies, St. Petersburg, Russia, MS D-212. (Source).
Figure 10: Entrance of Ulugh Beg madrasa in Registan Square at Samarqand, Uzbekistan. The Madrasa was built from 1417 to 1420. We do not know the name of the architect but it was a splendid building. It had two stories, with four lofty domes and a minaret at each corner. Every room was divided into two cubicles for two students. This building was so enduring that it still stands. (Source).
Figure 11: Abu Zayd preaching in the Mosque, from Maqamat al-Hariri by Abu Muhammad al-Qasim Hariri (1054-1121), illustrated by the medieval Iraqi artist Al-Wasiti. Arabic illumination, Baghdad, 1237; MS Arabe 5847 folio 18v. © Bibliothèque Nationale, Paris, France. (Source).
Figure 2: Ottoman astronomers at work around Taqī al-Dīn at the Istanbul Observatory. Source: Istanbul University Library, F 1404, fol. 57a.
Figure 3: Nasir al-Din al-Tusi pictured at his writing desk at Maragha observatory that he founded in 1259. © The British Library (Source).
Figure 4: Ottoman astronomers studying the moon and the stars in a miniature dating from the 17th century held in a manuscript owned by Istanbul University Library. (Source).
Figure 5: 3D Construction of the Third Water Raising Device.
Figure 6: Diagram of the famous Tusi couple as depicted in the 13th-century Arabic MS 319 (folio 28v) held at the Vatican Library; click here for an animation. The Tusi couple, as it was called by Edward Kennedy in 1966, is a device created by Nasir al-Din al-Tusi (1201-1274) based on a theorem that converts uniform circular motion into linear motion. It was a key ingredient in several models that eliminated the eccentric and/or the equant introduced by Ptolemy. It is one of several late Islamic astronomical devices bearing a striking similarity to models in Copernicus' De revolutionibus orbium coelestium (1543). Historians suspect that Copernicus had access to an Islamic astronomical text. See George Saliba, "Whose Science is Arabic Science in Renaissance Europe?" for a thorough discussion of Al-Tusi's model and the interactions of Arabic and Latin astronomers, and Eric W. Weisstein on Tusi Couple.
Figure 2: Cover of O. El Daly, Egyptology: The Missing Millennium. Ancient Egypt in Medieval Arabic Writings (London, 2005).
Figure 3: A medieval astrologer offering incense at the Temple of Akhmin (Arabic manuscript preserved at the Bodleian Library, MS Or 133, folio 29a). Source : El Daly 2005, figure 5.
Figure 5: Another sample of alchemical symbols in Kitab al-Aqalim by Abu 'l-Qasim al-'Iraqi inspired by Egyptian hieroglyphs (British Library in London, MS Add 25724, folio 21b). Source : El Daly 2005, figure 21.
Figure 6: Egyptian alphabet according to Ibn Wahshiyya (Paris, Bibliothèque Nationale, MS Arabe 6805 folios 92b. ff).
Figure 1. Dr. Okasha El Daly during his speech at 1001 Inventions Conference.