Figure 1: Professor Charles Burnett interviewed by FSTC, with the logo of 1001 Inventions behind him, during The First International Conference on the History of Science among Muslims and Arabs at the University of Sharjah, UAE, in March 2008.
Mont Saint-Michel or Toledo: Greek or Arabic Sources for Medieval European Culture?LEARN MORE
In a recent book, Sylvain Gouguenheim has caused a furore in claiming that European culture owes nothing to...
Figure 1: Socio-spatial form of historic Algiers (Casbah) showing its general responsiveness to the needs of the community. Source: Saoud 1997.
Introduction to the Islamic CityLEARN MORE
Islam is seen by many scholars as an urban religion, which favours communal practice on individual worship....
Figure 1: The logo of the Islamic Development Bank (IDB).
Islamic Development Bank 2012 Prizes for Science and TechnologyLEARN MORE
In recognition of the crucial role of Science and Technology (S&T) towards social and economic...
Figure 1: Photograph of Nimrod's lens which was found in Nimrod's palace in the 19th century.
Figure 2: The oldest wall painting that shows a man wearing spectacles. Tomaso de Modena painted this painting in 1352 in the Italian city of Treviso.
Figure 3: A model of the first spectacles in the 14th century, this model is similar to what is sold by the antiques replica dealers.
Figure 5: Detail of a painting called "the Death of the Virgin" which was painted between 1400 and 1410.
Figure 6: The first printed drawing that shows medical spectacles. This was in a book called Liber Chronicarum by Schedel. This book was printed in Germany in 1493 and it is known that printing was invented in Germany forty years before the previous date.
Figure 7: Front cover of Diwan ibn Hamdis (Beirut, 1970).
Figure 8: A painting showing the Persian artist Ridhā al-'Abbasī in his old age. His student Mu'in al-Musawwer painted the paining in March 1635. The painting shows the artist wearing his spectacles and it is the oldest known painting in the Muslim world that shows spectacles. It is kept in Princeton University Library in New Jersey.
Figure 9: This painting is one of Ridhā al-'Abbasī's abum, it shows a man wearing spectacles and holding a book. This painting is dated to 1650 and it is now kept in Freer Gallery of Art in Washington, D.C.
Figure 1: A page from Ibn Sînâ's medical book Canon. MS of the Institute of Manuscripts of Azerbaijan National Academy of Sciences (IMANAS) (Source).
Figure 3a-3b: Detail from Gevher Nesibe Hospital in Kayseri, Turkey, and view from Gevher Nesibe Hospital courtyard (Source).
Figure 4: Gevher Nesibe Sultan Statue (Source).
Figure 5: View into Al-Azhar's courtyard (Source).
Figure 6: Aerial view of Al-Hâkim Mosque in Cairo (Source).
Figure 2: Chemical apparatus depicted in two pages of the Alchemiae Gebri Arabis philosophi solertissimi libri (Bern, 1545). (Source).
Figure 3: Front cover of the first volume of the Corpus Alchemicum Arabicum, the Book of the Explanation of the Symbols (Kitab Hall Ar-Rumuz) by Muhammad Ibn Umail (Living Human Heritage Publications, Daimon Verlag, 2002).
Figure 4: European depiction of Al-Razi in the Latin version of one of his treatises translated by Gerard of Cremona in between 1250-60. (Image in the public domain).
Figure 5: Arabic manuscript held in the British Library showing the distillation process in a treatise of chemistry. © The British Library, London.
Figure 6: Cover of Journal of Chemical Education, September 1995, where H.S. El Khadem published an article on an ancient alchemy lost text reproduced in the Keys of Wisdom by Al-Tughra'i (12th century) .
Figure 7: An illuminated opening from the alchemical treatise The Proof Regarding Secrets of the Science of the Balance (Kitab al-Burhan fi asrar 'ilm al-mizan) by 'Izz al-Din Aydamir al-Jildaki (d. 1342/743 H). Undated copy made in Morocco in the late 19th century. National Library of Medicine, Bethesda, MA, MS A7, part 1, fols. 1b-2a. © NLM. (Source).
Figure 8: Pharmacist preparing drugs. From a MS of the Arabic translation of Dioscorides' Materia Medica. (Source).