Figure 1: Portrait of Galen. Lithograph by Pierre Roche Vigneron. (Paris: Lithographie de Grégoire et Deneux, ca. 1865) (Source).
The Paracelsian Influence on Ottoman MedicineLEARN MORE
Galen's concept of medicine which dominated the medical world almost nearly for fifteen centuries began to...
Figure 1: Socio-spatial form of historic Algiers (Casbah) showing its general responsiveness to the needs of the community. Source: Saoud 1997.
Introduction to the Islamic CityLEARN MORE
Islam is seen by many scholars as an urban religion, which favours communal practice on individual worship....
Figure 1. Horseshoe arches, Ummayad Mosque in Damascus.
The Horseshoe and Transverse ArchesLEARN MORE
The first Muslim adaptation and modification of the design of the arch occurred in the invention of the...
National Geographic Museum, Washington DC
1001 Inventions at National Geographic Museum, Washington DC, USALEARN MORE
National Geographic Museum Celebrates Scientific Achievements of Muslim Civilization. The award-winning...
Figure 2: An illustration of a medical practitioner during treatment of a patient. (Source: Millet Kutuphanesi, Ali Emiri, nr. 79.).
Figure 3: View from the exhibition in Edirne History of Medicine Museum. (Source).
Figure 4: Süleymaniye Medical Madrasa in Istanbul. See Salim Ayduz, Suleymaniye Medical Madrasa.
Figure 5: Early anatomical scene from the treatise of surgery by Şerefeddin Sabuncuoǧlu. (Source). © 2004 American Association of Neurological Surgeons.
Figure 7: Example of the application of the cautery for the treatment of wounds and bleeding in Şerefeddin Sabuncuoǧlu's book. (Source). © 2004 American Association of Neurological Surgeons.
Figure 8: Illustration showing the use of a rack to straighten the spine in the manuscript of Şerefeddin Sabuncuoǧlu. (Source). © 2004 American Association of Neurological Surgeons.
Figure 2: Professor Jim Al-Khalili at the conference "Muslim Heritage in our World: Social Cohesion" at Hoare Memorial Hall, Church House, Westminster (15 October 2008). (© FSTC 2008)
Figure 3: Illustration from Kitab Al Hayawan (Book of Animals) of Al-Jahiz (Source).
Figure 4: Image from The Book of Animals of al-Jahiz. Current locatio: Pinacoteca Ambrosiana in Mailand, Italy. Source: The Yorck Project: 10.000 Meisterwerke der Malerei. DVD-ROM, 2002 (Source).
Figure 2: Satellite global map of the Mediterranean. (Source).
Figure 3: Model of a "chebec", an Arab ship famous for its speed and maneuverability. The chebec proved so useful as a fast raider, despatch boat or even merchant ship that versions of it were adopted in other countries. (Source).
Figure 4: Front cover of European and Islamic Trade in the Early Ottoman State: The Merchants of Genoa and Turkey by Kate Fleet (Cambridge University Press, 1999).
Figure 5: View of Najjarin Funduq in Fez, Morocco. Like the Caravanserais, the Funduq is a North African term for a small, urban shop complex. A typical funduq is a square two-storey structure built around a central courtyard with shops on one floor and store rooms on the other. (Source).
Figure 6: Covered Bazaar in Istanbul. View from the Beyazit Gate, leading into the Kalpakçilar Street at its western end. Above the entrance is the royal monogram (tugra) of Abdülhamid II (1876-1909), marking the construction of the gate during the 1892-94 restoration. A short Arabic phrase included in the monogram medallion says: "God loves the one who does trade". (Source).
Figure 7: Front cover of Trade and Civilisation in the Indian Ocean: An Economic History from the Rise of Islam to 1750 by K. N. Chaudhuri (Cambridge University Press, 1985).