FEATURED ARTICLES

Ode to Ahmad Baba Al-Massufi
Abu al-Abbas Ahmad ibn Ahmad al-Takruri Al-Massufi al-Timbukti, otherwise commonly known as Ahmad Baba for short, was a well-known teacher, professor, philosopher, Arabic grammarian and an author of...
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Cairo University Announces Partnership with 1001 Inventions
Cairo University joins 1001 Inventions partners in Egypt 
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World Fairtrade Day
Happy World Fair Trade Day!
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Professor Devin Stewart: The Fihrist of Ibn al-Nadīm and the Transmission of Knowledge in the Islamic World
On Wednesday 22nd April, a public lecture exploring “The Fihrist of Ibn al-Nadeem and the Transmission of Knowledge in the Islamic World” was presented by Professor Devin Stewart at the Al-Furqan...
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Ibn Yunus and The Pendulum: A History of Errors
In this article, Professor David A. King explores the authenticity of the statement that tenth-century Egyptian astronomer Ibn Yūnus was the first person to use a pendulum to measure time. After...
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1001 Inventions Bahrain Exhibition
Blockbuster exhibition will be anchor attraction at ‘Zidni Ilman’
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On 23 April the World Celebrates the Book
World Book Day or World Book and Copyright Day is a yearly event on 23 April, organized by UNESCO to promote reading, publishing and copyright. On this occasion, we are pleased to invite visitors and...
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Earth Day
Muslim Heritage is very happy to announce that today, 22nd April, is Earth Day. Earth Day is a day of events and observances intended to inspire awareness of and appreciation for the Earth's...
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An Obituary: Professor Rabie El-Said Abdel-Halim
We have just received the sad news of the passing of Professor Rabie El-Said Abdel-Halim. He passed away in his sleep this morning 15th April 2015 Wednesday. May he rest in peace, and may his family...
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Ibn Sina's The Canon of Medicine
The Sheikh al-Ra'is Sharaf al-Mulk Abu ‘Ali al-Husayn b. ‘Abd Allah b. al-Hasan b. ‘Ali Ibn Sina, in Latin he is know as Avicenna and his most famous works are those on philosophy and medicine....
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Slovenian Prime Minister Launches 1001 Inventions In Ljubljana
VIP Audience Celebrates Central European Premiere of Muslim Heritage Exhibition
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World Health Day 7th April: Muslim Heritage in Medicine
World Health Day is celebrated on 7th April each year to mark the anniversary of the founding of WHO (World Health Organisation) in 1948. During Muslim civilisation, various scholars made interesting...
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RECENT ARTICLES

Mapping the World
Some of the great contributions to geography by early Muslims who were driven by an intense interest not only...
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Figure 1. Horseshoe arches, Ummayad Mosque in Damascus.
The Horseshoe and Transverse Arches
The first Muslim adaptation and modification of the design of the arch occurred in the invention of the...
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1001 Inventions announces Qatar exhibitions
Museum of Islamic Art in Doha to host 1001 Inventions and Arabick Roots
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Ibn Al-Haitham the Muslim Physicist
Snell is credited with the laws of reflection and refraction. However, Ibn Al-Haitham discovered the same...
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PICTURE GALLERIES

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Figure 2: Vaginal speculum, 2 types of forceps and double-edged scalpel (suspended). From a 1271 Arabic copy of al-Zahrawi's Surgery, written in the 10th century. Bodleian Library, University of Oxford, MS Marsh 54, fol. 68v. © Bodleian Library, University of Oxford, 2007.
Figure 3: Vaginal speculum. From a 14th-century Latin copy of al-Zahrawi's Surgery. British Library, Add. MS 36617, fol. 28v. © British Library. Permission for the publication of this photo was allowed to the authors by The British Library.
Figure 2: An Ottoman Bazar scene. Topkapi Palace Museum Library, MS H1365, fol. 93a.
Figure 3: A plant figure. Source: Abdullah b. Ahmad al-Andalusi Ibn Baytar, Câmiu mufredat al-adviya wa'l-agdiya. Süleymaniye Library, Ayasofya Collection, MS 3748.
Figure 4: A plant figure. Source: Ibn Baytar, Câmiu mufredat al-adviya wa'l-agdiya. Süleymaniye Library, Ayasofya Coll., MH 3748.
Figure 5: A plant figure. Source: Ibn Baytar, Câmiu mufredat al-adviya wa'l-agdiya. Süleymaniye Library, Ayasofya Coll., MS 3748.
Figure 6: A painting of two sea creatures: stingray and cuttlefish. Source: Ibn Baytar, Câmiu mufredat al-adviya wa'l-agdiya. Süleymaniye Library, Ayasofya Coll., MS 3748.
Figure 7: Makers of the sweet (halva) "ma'muniyya" for the adynamia (Surnâme-i Hümayun, year 1582). Topkapi Palace Museum Library, MS H1344.). Source: Turkish Medical History through Miniature Pictures Exhibition, published by Nil Sari-Ülker Erke, Istanbul: ISHIM, 2002.
Figure 8: Makers of a sweet called "halva" (Surnâme-i Hümayun, year 1582). Topkapi Palace Museum Library, H. 1344.). Source: Turkish Medical History through Miniature Pictures Exhibition, published by Nil Sari-Ülker Erke, Istanbul: ISHIM, 2002.
Figure 9: Soup cooks. (Album, Topkapi Palace Museum Library, Ahmed III Collection, MS 3690). Source: Turkish Medical History through Miniature Pictures Exhibition, published by Nil Sari-Ülker Erke, Istanbul: ISHIM, 2002.
Figure 10: The Palace head coffee maker (Album, Topkapi Palace Museum Library, Ahmed III Collection, MS 3690). Source: Turkish Medical History through Miniature Pictures Exhibition, published by Nil Sari-Ülker Erke, Istanbul: ISHIM, 2002.
Figure 11: A parade of syrup makers. (Surnâme-i Hümayun, year 1582). Topkapi Palace Museum Library, MS H1344.). Source: Turkish Medical History through Miniature Pictures Exhibition, published by Nil Sari-Ülker Erke, Istanbul: ISHIM, 2002.
Figure 2: An illustration of a medical practitioner during treatment of a patient. (Source: Millet Kutuphanesi, Ali Emiri, nr. 79.).
Figure 3: View from the exhibition in Edirne History of Medicine Museum. (Source).
Figure 4: Süleymaniye Medical Madrasa in Istanbul. See Salim Ayduz, Suleymaniye Medical Madrasa.
Figure 5: Early anatomical scene from the treatise of surgery by Şerefeddin Sabuncuoǧlu. (Source). © 2004 American Association of Neurological Surgeons.
Figure 7: Example of the application of the cautery for the treatment of wounds and bleeding in Şerefeddin Sabuncuoǧlu's book. (Source). © 2004 American Association of Neurological Surgeons.
Figure 8: Illustration showing the use of a rack to straighten the spine in the manuscript of Şerefeddin Sabuncuoǧlu. (Source). © 2004 American Association of Neurological Surgeons.

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