FEATURED ARTICLES

Ode to Ahmad Baba Al-Massufi
Abu al-Abbas Ahmad ibn Ahmad al-Takruri Al-Massufi al-Timbukti, otherwise commonly known as Ahmad Baba for short, was a well-known teacher, professor, philosopher, Arabic grammarian and an author of...
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Cairo University Announces Partnership with 1001 Inventions
Cairo University joins 1001 Inventions partners in Egypt 
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World Fairtrade Day
Happy World Fair Trade Day!
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Professor Devin Stewart: The Fihrist of Ibn al-Nadīm and the Transmission of Knowledge in the Islamic World
On Wednesday 22nd April, a public lecture exploring “The Fihrist of Ibn al-Nadeem and the Transmission of Knowledge in the Islamic World” was presented by Professor Devin Stewart at the Al-Furqan...
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Ibn Yunus and The Pendulum: A History of Errors
In this article, Professor David A. King explores the authenticity of the statement that tenth-century Egyptian astronomer Ibn Yūnus was the first person to use a pendulum to measure time. After...
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1001 Inventions Bahrain Exhibition
Blockbuster exhibition will be anchor attraction at ‘Zidni Ilman’
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On 23 April the World Celebrates the Book
World Book Day or World Book and Copyright Day is a yearly event on 23 April, organized by UNESCO to promote reading, publishing and copyright. On this occasion, we are pleased to invite visitors and...
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Earth Day
Muslim Heritage is very happy to announce that today, 22nd April, is Earth Day. Earth Day is a day of events and observances intended to inspire awareness of and appreciation for the Earth's...
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An Obituary: Professor Rabie El-Said Abdel-Halim
We have just received the sad news of the passing of Professor Rabie El-Said Abdel-Halim. He passed away in his sleep this morning 15th April 2015 Wednesday. May he rest in peace, and may his family...
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Ibn Sina's The Canon of Medicine
The Sheikh al-Ra'is Sharaf al-Mulk Abu ‘Ali al-Husayn b. ‘Abd Allah b. al-Hasan b. ‘Ali Ibn Sina, in Latin he is know as Avicenna and his most famous works are those on philosophy and medicine....
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Slovenian Prime Minister Launches 1001 Inventions In Ljubljana
VIP Audience Celebrates Central European Premiere of Muslim Heritage Exhibition
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World Health Day 7th April: Muslim Heritage in Medicine
World Health Day is celebrated on 7th April each year to mark the anniversary of the founding of WHO (World Health Organisation) in 1948. During Muslim civilisation, various scholars made interesting...
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RECENT ARTICLES

Figure 1: Victor and Cheek in Kalila wa-Dimna. Manuscript dated circa 1200 CE, Syria. (Source).
Kalila wa-Dimna
One of the most popular books ever written is the book the Arabs know as Kalila wa-Dimna, a bestseller for...
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EuroNews.com: Brussels exhibition highlights Ottoman influence
"The Sultan’s World exhibition runs in Brussels until 31 May 2015. It then travels to Krakow, Poland."
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Figure 2. Horseshoe and cinqfoil arches on main facade Cordoba Mosque.
Figure 3. Arcade of tranverse arches in Mahdia Mosque (Tunisia, 11th century)
Figure 1. The Mosque plan in details
Figure 2. General view of Ibn Tulun Mosque showing the prayer hall, the courtyard, the ablution fountain and the extensions forming an external ring. Source: http://web.mit.edu/4.615/www/images/1017.html
Figure 3. The systematic use of pointed arch clearly appears in the arcades, windows, and doors. Source: http://web.mit.edu/4.615/www/images/1018.html
Figure 1. General view of the spatial configuration of the Ribat, which consists of the courtyard, the galleries, the chambers at the back in two stories, the circulation provisions and the heavy ramparts.
Figure 2. Defensive provisions as they appear on top the circular towers supporting the ramparts. The use of battlements pierced with arrow slits is an efficient scheme to attack the enemy.
Figure 3. Panoramic view from the minaret showing the waters leading to Sicily and Southern Italy. In the foreground, the Great Mosque of Soussa displays similar design features of the ribat.
Figure 4. Details of the stone constructed rib and vault in the Ribat of Soussa.
Figure 5. Evidence showing the early use of the ribbed vaulting by Muslims. Notice how the roof was subdivided into bays seperated by these supporting ribs which lacked aesthetics. Ribs became more refined in later stages (see Cordoba Mosque).
Figure 6. Two examples of European imitation of Soussa ribs; Nave at St. Sernin (France), above, and the nave at St. Madeline at Vezelay, (France between 1104-1132), below.

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